• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent are the recent flooding problems in the UK a product of natural or human causes?

Extracts from this document...


Flooding in the UK To what extent are the recent flooding problems in the UK a product of natural or human causes? Introduction A flood is an overflow or deluge of water that comes from a river or other bodies of water and causes or threatens or damages. "Floods are one of the most dramatic interactions between man and his environment, emphasising both the sheer force of natural events and mans inadequate efforts to control them. (Ward, R 1978)" Since the early 20th century we have seen flooding increasing through out the UK. In the last 10 years flooding has become more obvious and dangerous to populations around the UK. Flooding can be seen to have a number of causes, some natural in origin and some a result of human intervention, the question is how has flooding increased and what factors have caused it to do so. Natural effects A natural effect is a cycle or systems reacting to an input and giving feed back. This can be vegetation taking up more carbon dioxide and growing bigger to cope with CO2 emission or as in this case it is the rivers and seas releasing water to the land to deal with increased quantities of water at any given time. ...read more.


When winters get very cold precipitation turns to snow fall, this snow settles and builds up. Once it eventually gets warmer there is a sudden increase in water for rivers to deal with. If this snow stay and it begins to rain the snow is melted and twice as much water enters the ground this runs off into overflowing rivers and streams. If precipitation is extensive flooding is inevitable. Since the early 1990's we have seen flooding over the UK more predominate, as we have dealt with the problems ourselves not just watched it on television. Figure 2 and figure 3 are photos taken from the BBC News website showing sites of flooding in October 2002 and February 2004. These pictures capture the very real and dramatic effect water can have on an urban area. Luckily these floods only lasted a couple of days and no more than a week. Unfortunately they had already caused thousands of pounds worth of damage and put many members of the public in danger. Figure 4 and 5 show that even in the summer months floods are possible and causes as mush damage as they do in the winter. ...read more.


From human development and urbanisation in the UK and other places in the world flooding is becoming more common in everyday life. Nature uses flooding to help balance the hydrological cycle so it can keep running. Increased global warming is one of the most probable causes for increased flooding as figure 6 shows that precipitation has been on a constant level for many years. But saying it is all global warming's fault brings up another problem. Is human activity causing global warming or is it the way the Earth balances its cycles, when one system increases another decreases. With this type of balancing there is always going to be over flow and that's what a flood fundamentally is an over flow or excess water that a river, sea or stream can not cope with. My opinion is that people actually do not realise what is happening to the world and their habitats until it effects their way of life. It has been shown over many a year that flooding of homes and businesses causes evacuation, which unsettles everyone. With increased building on green field sites, which so happen to be floodplains, it is the Government and housing planners that are being greedy. They should think about changing climates and the problems flooding actually causes before a house is placed some where that is unfit. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Factors effecting infiltration rates

    Although from fig 2 my graph shows that the rate of infiltration didn't decrease as much as we expected, because some of the graph points were very scattered as anomalies. Therefore there was no strong correlation with the line of best fit. Not completely proving my hypothesis.

  2. To what extent should Walton-on-the-naze be protected from the sea?

    It can work as a sea defence because the land it is made of is full-of water deposits which makes the land act as a sponge. This therefore means when waves strike marsh, the marsh will just absorb the wave energy protecting any surroundings behind the marsh.

  1. Cliff erosion in East Sussex - the processes, problems and solutions.

    sediment from the sea and pumps it via a pipe to the shoreline. However if the beach material is imported from a completely different area then the material may be unsuitable for this particular area. For example, I heard on the news a while ago that imported material (like stones, rocks, etc)

  2. Rainfall and Flooding

    The commercial and industrial life of the city were brought to a standstill. In addition to these problems within the City, around York 18,700 hectares farmland were also affected the overall damage was estimated at being about two million pounds.

  1. The Truth about Climate Change

    of the things you can recycle including glass, plastic, food, and paper. The last thing I can think of, which I do, is turn down the heating to 18�C (Before this project about global warming, I actually didn't really think about the heating in my house, so it was usually

  2. Geography Rivers

    Therefore more water means more energy, which means more erosion. There will be more energy to overcome the friction; which will cause more erosion by hydraulic action, sheer force of the river, corrosion and the rocks. This will cause the width to get wider and the depth to get deeper.

  1. A case study of the UK flooding: the river Uck, East Sussex, October 2000

    * a long term loss of trade, both for the flooded businesses, and for the wider business community; * widespread concerns about property values and insurance; * losses of agricultural crops and livestock; * impact on County Council Social Services provision due to the loss of day centres and buses;

  2. The effects of flooding in LEDC are significantly greater than in MEDCs due to ...

    (ibid)(ibid). ?Effects of flooding in Lynmouth? (Geobytesgcse November 21st 2010), sadly however there are no positive effects from the flood in Lynmouth. Overnight, over 100 buildings were destroyed or seriously damaged along with 28 of the 31 bridges, 130 cars and 19 boats, the force of water was able to transport large amounts of debris.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work