• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tourism in Antarctica

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Tourism in Antarctica What is Extreme Tourism? Extreme Tourism tends to involve tourism in dangerous landscapes and/or climates (Deserts, Mountains, Rainforests). Visitors tend to partake in adventurous activities such as paragliding, rock climbing and white-water rafting. What type of people go on extreme holidays? The type of people who go on these extreme holidays tend to be reasonably young (around 30) and normally have no children. As these types of holidays are expensive, they tend to have well-paying jobs. Tourists tend to travel in small groups instead of individually. However, recently retired people also tend to partake in extreme tourism, due to them having disposable money from their pension, normally not having to pay off mortgages, loans or have to pay for the needs of children or other members of family, yet still being fit enough to go on holiday in these environments. Why do people go on holiday in extreme environments? People normally go on extreme holidays because they seek a sense of adventure and an adrenaline rush. ...read more.


What are the negative impacts of tourism in Antarctica? Although tourists only spend a short time ashore each time they visit, the impacts on the environment can still be considerable. Tourism can lead to the disturbing of animals such as penguins and seals, which then leave the area and migrate away, possibly leaving behind young. As more and more of Antarctica is exposed to tourists, there will be less areas for these animals to live. The increase of tourism and more people on the ice shelf can lead to damage to the fragile ecosystems in the area. Disasters such as the sinking of the MS Explorer in 2007 revealed the fact that tourism in the area needs to be more restricted, and this disaster led to pollution and fuel spillages in the water, which also can harm marine ecosystems, which can then take years to recover. Oil spills, although reasonably infrequent, are major threats to nearby wildlife. Increased tourism is also bringing about the invasion of alien species and spores into Antarctica, and although species such as the Mediterranean mussel will ...read more.


are not allowed to enter Antarctic waters. The number of cruise vessels at any one site in the Antarctic has been limited to 40, and only one ship is allowed to land at each site at once. In addition to this, no waste or litter is to be left at the tourist sites, tourists are not allowed to walk on the lichens or moss and no tourist is allowed to go within 5 metres of an animal. All tour guides are officially trained and are experienced scientific personnel who have been involved in research in Antarctica. Waste disposal is tightly regulated, with prohibitions of the dumping of waste anywhere in the Antarctic continent, with ships now having purpose-built waste containment facilities. This shows how sustainable tourism in Antarctica is a high priority, and how there are many measures taken to minimise the negative impacts of tourism. Although these measures are effective now, it is unknown whether they will stay in place in the future, and if Antarctica will retain its title as the ?World?s last true wilderness? for much longer. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    A study of tourism on Bourton-on-the-water

    4 star(s)

    the next possible alternative, which in this case would be a local supermarket. The shops that appeal to tourists are successful because they can increase their price and simply because tourists would not have anywhere else to buy the items they are almost forced into buying it at generally speaking,

  2. Geography Tourism Coursework

    2, this proves that traffic is a major problem in Cromer and as a result of this tourism does has an environmental effect in Cromer, as it causes pollution. Vandalism doesn't seem to be a problem, because in Fig. 2 not a lot of resident chose this option and in this chart, only 2 tourists think this is a problem.

  1. The aim of this piece of coursework is to study tourism and its importance in ...

    would not be the variety of tourists the coursework needed to draw our statistics from, therefore we encountered the locals and elderly probably out of work or just walking about. Should we have visited the resort on a weekend we would have drawn our survey from people of all kinds and from different locations.

  2. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    Zigzag paths -these reduce the gradient therefore less soil is eroded by water 5) Hand rails - Make the path obvious, and can block of areas for regeneration. These are generally a short-term measure as they are not durable 6)

  1. Global warming

    - Negative effects. Although people may think that global warming is a positive thing all round, in theory thinking hotter weather as well as snowy white winters. Or how about a sunny winter? Reduction in heating costs and more tourists: resulting in more money for the UK in general.

  2. Investigation into the impact of tourism on Croyde and Newquay

    Walking is also a very popular attraction for tourists with the South West Coast Path giving access to the spectacular Baggy Point, which is owned by the National Trust. Croyde has three pubs in the village: The Manor, Billy Budds", and The Thatched Barn Inn.

  1. Extreme Tourism and Antarctica

    The activities vary from sporting activities such as skiing and hiking expeditions, to viewing the native wildlife like whales and penguins.

  2. Case Study: Extreme Tourism in Antarctica

    and for others, the sun does not rise (it is dark). Activities & Attractions Extreme Activities Another thing that makes Antarctica extreme, is the activities available to tourists, many of which are extreme. Some of the most popular extreme activities available in Antarctica include Climbing, Ice landing, Kayaking, Helicopter & Aircraft flying, Snowboarding, Scuba diving and Skiing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work