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Tourism Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tourism Theory Tourism is the largest and fastest growing industry in the world, and is set to become the largest employer. In 2000, there were nearly 700 million tourists, and in 2020, there will be around 1.6 billion. Many factors affect tourism growth: aging population, shorter working week, longer paid holidays, greater affluence and greater mobility. Aging population Because we're living longer, staying healthier, taking earlier retirements and staying much more active in later life this gives us more time to travel in retirement. Some elderly people contribute to domestic tourism by travelling to see relatives within the UK. * River cruises * Special Interest holidays * Short breaks * Flight only * Touring holidays * Ocean cruises Year N.O of elderly people that took holidays 1997 19117 1998 21576 1999 21781 2000 21613 2001 18056 2002 23487 2003 24315 2004 28985 2005 26825 2006 23486 2007 29989 As you can see, above are the statistics for the amount of people over 60 who took holidays at least once a year if not more. Shorter working week The reduction in working hours over the past 10 centuries has given us more money Almost all workers aged 18 and over are entitled to the minimum wage. There is a lower minimum wage of �4.60 for those aged 18 to 21. Freelance and temporary workers are entitled to the minimum wage. Workers aged 16 and 17 (except apprentices) ...read more.

Middle

The fact Bewdley is located on the river Severn increases its tourist attraction, as do attractions like the Severn Valley Railway, West Midlands Safari Park, Bewdley Museum and St Peter and St Paul Church (The most important Norman church in Worcestershire. Maps This is a map of Bewdley 1:200,000 This is a map of Bewdley 1:100,000 This is a map of Bewdley 1:50,000 Route of investigation I'm investigating the hypothesis "Does tourism have a negative impact on Bewdley". To test my hypothesis I have five key questions. 1. Does Bewdley attract many tourists? 2. Do most facilities and amenities cater for tourists? 3. Does tourism have a negative/positive effect on the environment of Bewdley? 4. Does Bewdley have a large sphere of influence? 5. Is there a traffic congestion problem in Bewdley? In addition to the key questions I also used a questionnaire to find out what the public think this had some very interesting results. Reasoning for choosing the key questions 1. Does Bewdley attract many tourists? This question will assess how many people visit Bewdley, how long they stay and where they came from. These points can be researched further to find out what attractions people travel to visit, and how this affects pollution and Bewdley's environment environmental and traffic surveys could illustrate this. 2. Do most facilities and amenities cater for tourists? This question is designed to establish the facilities Bewdley has for tourists. ...read more.

Conclusion

From this we found out how far the person travelled to Bewdley. Problems and Improvements Another problem with the timing was it was mid-week, most people were working. If we went on the weekend more people would have been there and there would be no work/school and it'd be a ideal family day-out. The timing couldn't have been worse. When we arrived everyone was at work and we left before they did causing us ti miss the rush hours. Due to the month time and day we only met the retired residents and the odd tourist. The weather wasn't on our side, every few minutes there would be a few droplets of rain followed by sunny spells for an hour or so followed by cloud. This caused many people to travel by car in fear of getting wet. Where as on a sunny clear day we'd have met more people. Data analysis In the environmental survey we collected data at 6 different locations: Riverside North, Severnside, High street, Park Lane, Welch gate and Dog Lane. We discovered Park Lane was the cleanest location. It had the least litter, vandalism and the cleanest pavements along with the least noise/air pollution and traffic congestion. The low amount of traffic congestion also brings down the numbers of noise and air pollution to a certain extent. The worst location however was Dog lane; it's literally going to the dogs. The pavements were covered in litter, gutters and open spaces built for pleasure were littered with cans, crisp packets and other miscellaneous wrappings. ...read more.

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