• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Traffic congestion in Paris

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Traffic Congestion in Paris Paris has an estimated population of 12.1 million. In such a large city, traffic congestion is one of the many problems faced by commuters, residents and tourists alike. This essay aims to outline the main causes of traffic congestion, what effects this has on the city and any solutions to these problems. There are many causes of traffic congestion in Paris. For example, Paris is a much planned out city and therefore has only 1 million parking spaces for the 1.5 million cars entering the central business district (CBD) daily. This makes people park their cars illegally which causes traffic blocks and congestion. Many tourists visit Paris to enjoy some retail therapy and there are many department stores. They are usually situated in the middle of central Paris and are busy all the time. There are many people going in and out of the shops and this is another cause of congestion. La Defence is in the west side of Paris with many offices and shops, it is a main office district. ...read more.

Middle

This means that the roads are very old, narrow and are even cobbled. In Paris there are many road intersections and one way systems, this means there is traffic lights causing excess slowing down of traffic. http://www.pariserve.tm.fr/quartier/photo/cite-stlouis.jpg The effects of traffic congestion are also very major. For example, the rate of asthma has also increased considerably due to pollution from traffic congestion. Matthew, a disgruntled roller-skater, said ?On a windy day the air is not too bad but when there is no wind and you get stuck behind a car or lorry exhaust pipe it?s awful.? Also industrial activity and agriculture have been pushed to the suburbs as they take up too much space. The old industries in the inner city are slowly being demolished and new housing is being made in their place. Another effect of traffic congestion is that there could be more deaths prevented because the ambulances and other emergency service vehicles are being held up in the traffic. Since people are also being held up in traffic they are arriving to work late and the businesses are suffering. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think this is a good idea as it means farmers are not forced into becoming factory laborours due to high land prices. As a way to promote ?velib? and cycling instead to driving in general, the French government have put in designated cycle lanes. This is a good idea as it encourages people to get on their bikes and it is healthy too. Another ? not so good ? solution to tackle traffic congestion is banning cars according to their number plate e.g. odd and even number plate?s alternate. This may be working as reasonably well off citizens will have one car of each number plate. One solution which is working well so far is putting lower taxes in the suburbs. This encourages people to move to the large detached houses which are newly available there rather than staying in the city itself causing much congestion in terms of parking places etc. If I was the official in charge of the city, I would continue the solutions which are already working well e.g. ?velib? but axe banning cars according to their number plate due to the cons overweighing the pros. I would also put in place a law which alters car taxes according to their size. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion

    4 star(s)

    List of Solutions * Widen the roads * Introduce the road charge * Put a subsidy on public transport * Slow down speed of traffic * Introduce bus lanes * Rise in petrol Tax Externalities An externality is side effects that result from the actions of an individual, firm or government.

  2. Geography Conclusion- traffic congestion

    Some of the methods that have been implemented in Birmingham are: * Red routes * Bus Lanes * Toll Roads installed * Pedestrianisation * Railway and bus park and ride Although the red route has already been installed, it's not working to the effect it can in the aim to reduce traffic congestion.

  1. Farming Systems

    many new developments for tourists including a growth in package holidays and the opening of a new airport with longer runway * Menorca has a varied and beautiful landscape providing many attractions for tourists including an uneven and rugged coastline and in the south of the island sandy beaches *

  2. What should planners in the new Millenium learn from the redevelopment of the London ...

    Limehouse The Limehouse Link, ´┐Ż250 million development, has greatly improved Limehouse as an area. Housing developments have been built, and the Limehouse area already had a number of Georgian buildings, which attracts more visitors to the area, and improves the look of the area.

  1. Visit to the central Business district of Kidderminster.

    Each point on the graph has a score out of 15 for its shop quality, for example E8 has a score of 9 out of 15, which is above average. The graph will help me to determine whether the shop quality increases, the further you move into the CBD, this

  2. Enquiry: Investigation into Retail.

    effect on the quality of the appearance of the streets or shops, as we found these to be safer, cleaner, and with shops that were maintained to a high standard. Up until now: So far, we have seen a very clear pattern...

  1. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    times as much, but still comes second to London on the amount of traffic on the roads. (www.statistics.gov.uk) It could also be that the amount of causalities in London was a concern and a cause for the charging scheme. As from the graph below, London had the most child "killed or seriously injured "causalities in Britain in 2001.

  2. For the purpose of this dissertation, I will be evaluating:Procedures implemented to improve road ...

    Discussing aspects of what could be done to strengthen roads / traffic safety. Research into future plans that may be put into operation, discuss their pros and cons. Discuss how the local authorise can he help make the roads more safer example creating more 20mph zones.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work