• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Traffic congestion in Paris

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Traffic Congestion in Paris Paris has an estimated population of 12.1 million. In such a large city, traffic congestion is one of the many problems faced by commuters, residents and tourists alike. This essay aims to outline the main causes of traffic congestion, what effects this has on the city and any solutions to these problems. There are many causes of traffic congestion in Paris. For example, Paris is a much planned out city and therefore has only 1 million parking spaces for the 1.5 million cars entering the central business district (CBD) daily. This makes people park their cars illegally which causes traffic blocks and congestion. Many tourists visit Paris to enjoy some retail therapy and there are many department stores. They are usually situated in the middle of central Paris and are busy all the time. There are many people going in and out of the shops and this is another cause of congestion. La Defence is in the west side of Paris with many offices and shops, it is a main office district. ...read more.

Middle

This means that the roads are very old, narrow and are even cobbled. In Paris there are many road intersections and one way systems, this means there is traffic lights causing excess slowing down of traffic. http://www.pariserve.tm.fr/quartier/photo/cite-stlouis.jpg The effects of traffic congestion are also very major. For example, the rate of asthma has also increased considerably due to pollution from traffic congestion. Matthew, a disgruntled roller-skater, said ?On a windy day the air is not too bad but when there is no wind and you get stuck behind a car or lorry exhaust pipe it?s awful.? Also industrial activity and agriculture have been pushed to the suburbs as they take up too much space. The old industries in the inner city are slowly being demolished and new housing is being made in their place. Another effect of traffic congestion is that there could be more deaths prevented because the ambulances and other emergency service vehicles are being held up in the traffic. Since people are also being held up in traffic they are arriving to work late and the businesses are suffering. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think this is a good idea as it means farmers are not forced into becoming factory laborours due to high land prices. As a way to promote ?velib? and cycling instead to driving in general, the French government have put in designated cycle lanes. This is a good idea as it encourages people to get on their bikes and it is healthy too. Another ? not so good ? solution to tackle traffic congestion is banning cars according to their number plate e.g. odd and even number plate?s alternate. This may be working as reasonably well off citizens will have one car of each number plate. One solution which is working well so far is putting lower taxes in the suburbs. This encourages people to move to the large detached houses which are newly available there rather than staying in the city itself causing much congestion in terms of parking places etc. If I was the official in charge of the city, I would continue the solutions which are already working well e.g. ?velib? but axe banning cars according to their number plate due to the cons overweighing the pros. I would also put in place a law which alters car taxes according to their size. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion

    4 star(s)

    If they give benefits they are positive. If they cause problems or cost money, they are negative. An example of an externality is congestion as it causes problems for other people beside themselves. It is a negative externality and with congestion the price has to be increased of our car journeys to internalise the externality.

  2. For the purpose of this dissertation, I will be evaluating:Procedures implemented to improve road ...

    Police Management, A.J.P.Butler, 1984, Published by Gower Publishing Company Limited. I believe that this book is quite old however it contains some relevant material for police managers. This book would be useful when discussing how management of law enforcement has altered over the years.

  1. Geography Conclusion- traffic congestion

    From the commuters I interviewed, there was a large agreement over the fact that over half of the interviewees supported the view that the main source of traffic congestion was vehicles. This has been put into a sub-headed column on my questionnaire as there were many different reasons for traffic congestion but the majority could be sub-headed under "vehicles".

  2. Enquiry: Investigation into Retail.

    shop on a map, and then putting them into different categories according to the products they sell. I found this a lot easier to do than in the CBD of Rotherham, as all the units were occupied, and it was much clearer to see the types of goods that they supply.

  1. Discover how the traffic in Skipton varies from time to time and from place ...

    Vehicles moving out of Skipton Total number of vehicles moving out of Skipton Car 65 65 45 45 Van 11 76 11 56 Lorries 1 77 4 60 Buses 0 77 5 65 Motor Bike 0 77 0 65 Caravan 1 78 0 65 Bike 0 78 0 65 Pedestrians

  2. "What are the characteristics of Garstang's functional zones?"

    The identification of the services in the CBD Core and Frame helped us to create a tally chart of the services provided in Garstang's CBD Core (Figure 9) and CBD Frame (Figure 10). Conclusion: The industrial zone in the town has a use of storage and is found here due to the cheap land and readily available space.

  1. Trends in Popularity in Paris.

    Short city breaks to places such as Paris have become more and more popular due to an increase in disposible income and increased leisure time. The terrorist attacks such as the one that occurred on September the 11th in America has had a major impact.

  2. Travel and Tourism Worldwide Travel Destinations - Paris

    Location of the destination within the country: Paris is the capital city of France and it falls into the ´┐Żle de France region (province) and it is situated in the north central area of the country. Hemisphere and continent: Paris is situated in the northern hemisphere on the European continent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work