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Transport In Guildford

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Guildford's Transport System Is Unsustainable" Introduction The aim of this investigation is to find out whether or not Guildford's transport system is sustainable. In order to prove or disprove the hypothesis I am going to investigate the following enquiry questions: 1. Does Guildford Town Centre suffer from traffic congestion throughout the day? 2. Does Guildford's transport system encourage people to use alternative forms of transport to the car? 3. How far are people prepared to travel to get to Guildford? 4. Are there enough parking spaces in Guildford? 5. Where and when does congestion build up in Guildford? 6. Are there enough cycle routes in Guildford? The reasons for investigating transport systems are because governments are trying to discourage people from using their cars and to begin using public transport systems to reduce air pollution, traffic accidents and congestion. We are studying transport because it is very topical at the moment because of global warming - contributed to by car exhaust fumes - which may cause many undesired effects such as the ozone layer thickening, causing the polar ice-caps to melt and sea levels rising causing widespread flooding. This means governments are dedicating lots of time to improve transport systems, and it is relevant because we are studying a local area, which will affect us. Transport trends show that the number of cars has increased dramatically on the road, the number of cars per household has increased and people are making more journeys, more often and going further, this is because many people work too far from their houses to walk and they like to visit other places, see other people who live further away etc. The objective of sustainable development is to make progress but not at the expense of the environment. The UN definition is: "A sustainable city is a city where achievements in social, economic, and physical development are made to last. ...read more.

Middle

Also nobody said they travelled by Park-and-ride, which could suggest that the system doesn't work very well. These two graphs link together as the 5 people who live in Guildford all answered "sometimes" whereas out of the 13 who do not live in Guildford, 11 answered "yes" and only 2 "occasionally". This shows people who have to travel to/from Guildford think that the traffic is worse than people who live there. This could be because they travel there at rush hour and so only see the very busy, congested roads, whereas people who live there see the roads when they are almost empty as well. Also nobody answered "no" so everybody thinks that Guildford is congested at least some of the time despite council efforts to make it a sustainable system. This graph shows that Guildford has quite a large sphere of influence with a lot people travelling up to 8km and some but not as many travelling further than that to get to Guildford. These are also just people on Guildford high street so they are probably there for leisure rather than work. This could bias the result because people are more likely to travel further to get to work than they are to go shopping so maybe lots of people travel over 11km to get to work at Guildford but they aren't represented because it was taken whilst most people with jobs in Guildford were working. This links with the previous graph as the 5 people who travel to Guildford "everyday" almost all answered the previous question saying they live within 2km of Guildford. Also the 8 people who go to Guildford between 1-2 times a fortnight and 1-2 times a year almost all live more than 6km away, which suggests that is why they don't visit Guildford as often. This graph shows that the majority of people - 67% - think that there is not enough parking in Guildford; this would suggest that changes should be made to increase the parking space in Guildford. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the evidence that conflicts with this is that 22% of people feel there is enough cycle routes. The answer I have given is therefore based on what the majority of people think and what my photos tell me. From my evidence I can conclude that this hypothesis is true because 5 out of my 6 enquiry questions show Guildford to be congested and unsustainable. In order for Guildford's transport system to become more sustainable I would suggest that the Park-and-Ride service is improved because nobody I questioned would have preferred to travel via it, and that more cycle lanes and stands are introduced so as to encourage people to cycle more rather than drive. Evaluation The strengths of the investigation were that lots of data was readily available in Guildford and on the internet, also the study area (Guildford) wasn't too big so we didn't have to walk for ages to get from our survey spot to our traffic count place and visa versa. Also the tax disc survey was relatively easy to do except for the fact that some of the names had faded from the discs so you couldn't read them. The weaknesses of the investigation were lack of resources to complete a full-scale investigation, and some of the primary data was unreliable. For example, in the first 15-minute traffic count my partner counted 5 more lorries than me! Also people on Guildford high street really don't like school kids with clipboards and it was very difficult to get 30 people to answer our questionnaires, not helped by my partner's Xenophobia (fear of strangers) and the fact that we got kicked out of the Friary which lowered the amount of people we could question. In the end we settled with just 18 which although less reliable, meant we could get the other sections of the primary research completed. I would extend and improve the investigation by acquiring more results for different roads and different times on a weekend, as well as trying harder to get 30 people to do the questionnaires Katie Hedgecock ...read more.

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