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Travel and Tourism Worldwide Travel Destinations - Johannesburg

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Introduction

AVCE Travel and Tourism Worldwide Travel Destinations Johannesburg Task 1: General information: Johannesburg is the largest and most cosmop´┐Żlitan city in South Africa. It is the financial and commercial capital of Gauteng. It is also the centre of the gold mining industry and was probably named after Johannes Meyer, who was the first mining commissioner in 1886. South Africa has a diverse population of 43,647,658 as of the last census. It is made up of ethnic black groups, Indians, whites and coloureds (mixed race). Below are a list of ethnic groups and the percentage of the population they make up: * Zulu- 23.8% * White- 18% * Coloureds- 10.5% * North Sotho- 7.3% * Xhosa- 9.7% * Tswana- 5.7% * Asian- 3.3% * Indian- made up of Hindus and Muslims Due to the mixture of ethnic groups, South Africa has eleven official languages e.g. Afrikaans, English, Xhosa, Zulu, Tswana, Sotho etc. Almost half of South Africa's population is concentrated in urban areas. Its population density varies from five people per sq mile to two hundred and thirty-nine people per sq mile. The population growth rate is higher for black people and people of mixed race than it is for white people. South- Africa's infant mortality rate is very high amongst the black population but moderate amongst the white population. Its life expectancy for males is sixty-three years and sixty-eight years for females and it's the highest for the white population but the lowest for the black population, due to the Aids epidemic. Government: From 1948 to 1993/94 South Africa's political and social structure was held on apartheid (a legalised system separating different population groups). In 1983 a new constitution was granted giving limited political rights to coloureds and Asian minorities but not to the black people. The dominant white party was the National Party who ran the government. The opposing black party was the African National Congress (ANC), which was run by Nelson Mandela, who was imprisoned for his political activity. ...read more.

Middle

To get a birds-eye view of the city, tourists need to go to the top of the Carlton Panarama, the tallest building in South Africa. Hesida Cultural Village features African tribal dancers and allows the public an insight into how the black culture lived and worked in the past. Soweto is the abbreviation of South Western- Townships; where tourists are offered a tour of the black suburb. The tour starts with an ultra modern hospital and continues through the different types of neighbourhoods, ranging from shantytowns, workers hostels and the modern home of Nelson Mandela. Another area that has been granted a heritage trust status is the Westcliff area, a suburb in Johannesburg with grand estates for homes and is the work of the architect Sir Hebert- Baker. Hillbrow is an area in Johannesburg, which is now considered to be the most dangerous place in the country, yet at one point in time it was a Bohemian Mecca rivalling Soho and Greenwich Village in London. Hillbrow now often attracts tourists who wish to view the seedy side of Johannesburg. Yeoville is a neighbourhood that has replaced the original Hillbrow and has the University of Witwatersrand, where the South African Politician Jan Smuts book collection is kept and finally there is the Oriental- Plaza, the centre of the ethnic Indian population. Events: Being a major city at different times of the year, Johannesburg will host music- concerts, plays and sporting events such as, The World Cup Rugby, 1995, The World Cup Cricket, 2003 etc January- No events take place February- Local Theatre shows take place throughout the month March- 21st is Human Rights Day (it marks the anniversary of the Sharpeville massacre). There are local theatre shows that take place throughout the month April- 18th is Good Friday. There is also the Rand Easter Show (a huge agricultural show, which runs from mid April to early May) ...read more.

Conclusion

Johannesburg International Airport has six terminals, terminals one and two are for the international arrivals, terminal three is for South African Airways and South African- Express domestic airlines, terminal four is for non South African Airways domestic arrivals, terminal five is a domestic departure area for all airlines and terminal six is for international departures. The airport is served by ten car rental agencies, which are located in the domestic arrivals area. Tourists are advised when hiring cars to choose a mid range vehicle rather than a luxury model as to avoid car hijacking of theft. There is no rail link between the airport and the city. There is a limited bus shuttle service and those that do operate are for specific hotels. There are also taxis available for hire. The map above shows that there are two National roads that is accessible from the airport and will lead directly into the city. They are, N17 and N1. Travelling time on either one of these roads into the city can take between twenty minutes up till two hours, depending on which area of the city tourists are travelling to and also due to traffic conditions. AN ACCESS ROUTE MAP WILL NEED TO BE PLACED HERE, AS I DID NOT BRING ANY MAPS WITH ME. When travelling from the UK to Johannesburg, the flight time will take between eleven-thirteen hours depending on climatic conditions. This is a direct flight. Johannesburg International Airport is the easiest and most accessible gateway. The airport is modern and caters for all tourists needs e.g. car hire. There are direct road links between the airport and the actual city of Johannesburg. Johannesburg is quite along distance from any seaport; therefore there is no sea access. Task 6 THIS PART OF THE ASSIGNMENT IS AT HOME. IT HAS BEEN COMPLETED AND NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO THE REST OF THIS ASSIGNMENT. (Hi ahsev, I will be sending you another assignment tomorrow. There is no bibliography at the moment for any of my destinations as all my maps; charts and statistics are at home but everything is completed. ...read more.

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