• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urban Regeneration of London Docklands - A sustainable success?

Extracts from this document...


Urban Regeneration of London Docklands - A sustainable success? During the late 18th century and early 19th century the London Docklands were a very important industrial centre and the busiest port in the world. Right into the early part of the 20th century, the docks provided employment for thousands of dockers. Trade was focused around maritime activities, for example shipbuilding and the import of goods, such as tobacco and sugar, stored in large warehouses encircling the docks. Traffic through the Royal Docks reached its peak in the 1950s and early 1960s. However after a turn of technological improvements, the docks became abandoned and derelict. The first change, in the 1950's, was an increase in the size of ships. The ships were so big that trade had to be moved down river to Tilbury docks, which was next to the sea and not crowded by poor roads and a large city. ...read more.


The LDDC wanted to undertake the issues of: * Transport * Utilities * The environment * Housing * Community infrastructure * Unemployment * Reclamation Example of Environmental Development Details Visual appearance * Refurbishment of docks allowing them public access. * Urban design, street furniture, public art. * Restoration of listed properties. * Reclamation of 7square km of derelict land. Environmental projects * Wildlife and nature parks created. * 160,000 trees planted. * 17 conservation areas. Example of Social Development Details Housing * 19,000 new homes built. * 2,000 new social housing units. * 770 council houses refurbished. Community infrastructure * 12 new primary schools. * 5 new health centres and 6 refurbished health centres. Utilities * Improvement in drainage. * Improvement in electricity supplies. Example of Economic Development Details Tourism * Increase in Tourism, with Docklands receiving 2.1 million visitors last year. Unemployment * Unemployment rates: 17.8% in 1981 and 7.2% in December 1997. * Population increased from 39,000 in 1981, to 68,000 in 1995. * 2,800 new jobs created. ...read more.


* Wealthy new people brought extra money and trade to the area, but this caused local shop prices to rise. * The new housing built is too expensive for the locals. This has lead to gentrification. * Poverty in social housing estates was outlined and inequality increased, when rich, skilled workers moved to the area. * The traditional 'Eastenders' community was destroyed by the changes. * Transport schemes were seen as inadequate, although there has been some improvement with the Jubilee line extension in the 1990's, critics believe it should have been in place before. * The recession in the early 1990's saw work stopping on Canary Wharf and a sharp increase in unemployed and homeless people. Physically and environmentally, the London Docklands regeneration has been a success, however socially it has been a failure, especially for lower social classes. A survey taken in 1996 showed that 22% of people thought that life had got worse as a result of the regeneration. However other factors and mainly the visual appearance of the Docklands is much better than it would have been had the regeneration not taken place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How can urban living be sustainable

    4 star(s)

    Incineration is the second largest disposal method in the UK. Incineration is the burning of waste, harmful gases are often given off in this but some modern incinerators uses this wasted energy to convert it to electricity. Cyclamax is planning to build an incinerator in Dronfield however there is a

  2. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    These characteristics can determine whether a company supports or opposes the congestion charge. The graph below looks at the support from the congestion Charge depending on the type of goods sold by businesses. There is a greater correlation between support and opposition and the type of goods sold.

  1. Geography Coursework: London Docklands / Pimlico Quality of Life Comparison

    had grim consequences for the whole of the Docklands area, left virtually derelict. It has been estimated that for every job lost on the docks, three other jobs disappeared in the linked industries of ship repair, manufacturing and transport (the multiplier effect).

  2. The development of London Docklands is probably the most dramatic change in London since ...

    This was because there were huge amounts of Dockers needed and there was not a lot of space for to have their own house, they didn't have enough money. Houses were that's why built cramped together with no hygiene, poor sanitation and poor sewage.

  1. Research Question - The Developments of The London Docklands have changed the characteristics ...

    Over 95% of the housing was rented which were majorly estates which in most cases they were high-rise blocks. The population or the Isle of Dogs had decreased as the decline of the Docklands had left it in dereliction. Related dockside industries fell into bankruptcy and other factories either went out of business or relocated.

  2. Llandudno Urban Studies

    Aberconwy Conference centre is the main venue for North Wales . Marks and Spencer opens as the first in North Wales . Victoria centre, an undercover shopping mall opens in 1994 in Mostyn Street .

  1. The Regeneration of the London Docklands

    - Housing association to help develop houses. - Newham council helped to lower cost of local houses. - LDDC planned the development. - National government introduced the enterprise zone to encourage business. - Conservation groups to improve the environment planting trees etc. Data collection and recording Data was gathered in groups to allow, for a larger sample

  2. The purpose of this coursework is to see how the development of the London ...

    import and export Dock closes by sea The reason why the old docks started to close is because of something called containerisation. This means that larger ships were being used with large containers so that more goods could be carried at once.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work