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Urban Transport in Wigan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Urban Transport in Wigan Introduction In most cities in Britain, the speed of modern traffic is often slower than the horse drawn trams of the nineteenth century. Traffic in London now averages a speed of thirteen kilometres per hour. In the ironically named 'rush hour', thousands of frustrated drivers sit in stationary cars, drive a few metres and then remain stationary again. A lot of cars only carry one person, this being the driver and twelve per cent of people spend more time travelling in their car than they do at home with their families. Every year, the number of vehicles on the road increases. Since 1975, traffic on roads has rose by eighty five per cent yet the length of the public roads has only risen by eleven point two percent. This means that the extra traffic isn't spread evenly throughout Britain's road network. This problem is at its worst in towns were roads are even more neglected than city roads. Although Wigan's traffic problem isn't as major as some towns and cities, it still has a traffic problem. I am going to investigate if Wigan's traffic problem is significant enough to warrant a by-pass, which would separate the major roads that run through Wigan from Wigan's roads into and out of the town centre. A bypass would stop traffic travelling all the way around Wigan to get into the town centre. Here is a graph to show the rise in Great Britain's road traffic: 'Everyone has experienced urban congestion. The issue is what to do about it.' Methods of reducing, the problems caused by urban congestion. The way we try to tackle our traffic problems is called a 'carrot and stick' approach. The carrots are positive encouragements and the sticks are penalties to try and make car usage less attractive. Schemes that towns like Wigan or cities have or cities have or could set up are as follows:- Park and ride Park and ride schemes reduce the amount of cars in ...read more.

Middle

I can also say that Wigan has tried to cope with its traffic problems by using the following methods, numerous Bus lanes in the town centre, Pedestrianized zones were traffic is not allowed, One way systems to control the direction of traffic flow, Double yellow lines to prevent parking in built up areas, River way. Aim 2: Conclusion From my results I can say that Wigan can cope with the amount of traffic using its town centre itself but cannot cope with the extra traffic going through or around it. I believe this to be true because Wigan has a number of car parks to deal with the traffic in it's town centre, however as my results in Aim 1 show there is too much traffic around and travelling through Wigan for it to cope, even though Wigan has put preventions like the ones that I have previously mentioned in place there is still too much traffic. People I have questioned in Aim 3 also believe that traffic in Wigan is too congested but they believe that there are enough car parks with enough spaces to cope with traffic in the town centre. Most of the car parks in the town centre didn't have enough car park spaces but the ones which did have enough spaces had many surplus places which balance the traffic out. Studying the map labelled 'Number of cars in the town centre 16/9/02' will show my conclusions to be correct. Another question asked is whether the bus and train station in Wigan are within the CBD and the answer is yes, in my opinion being in such close proximity to the town centre the bus and train stations positions can only help Wigan's transport problems. Aim 3: Questionnaire Survey The Aim The aim of my questionnaire was to survey a number of different people to find out their views of Wigan's transport problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Park and ride can have traffic-reduction benefits and I think that Wigan is a town that would benefit being an urban-area I think a park and ride scheme would complete its objective of intercepting cars on the edge of town and running additional dedicated bus services from the car parks. The conclusion in my opinion would be that serious traffic congestion would be avoided. What park and ride schemes really do is redistribute traffic from inside and around the town centre to places just outside from the town. Wigan town centre can just about cope with the traffic in it but cannot cope with the traffic just outside its town centre, the traffic that a park and ride scheme would take away from the areas in and around the town centre would be significant and would take a large weight off the narrow streets in the town centre making a big difference. So if the site was developed, it would have an impact on the environment. This impact would most definitely be a good one. For example the amount of fumes would be decreased due to fewer cars in Wigan and buses create less harmful fumes, also noise levels would decrease and air freshness would be better. Also the wildlife and nature around the congested roads would improve due to a lower level of harmful fumes. Local residents on Eleanor Street would probably welcome the scheme because it would mean a decrease in the traffic they receive, plus being at the site of the 'park and ride' scheme the residents would be in line for redevelopment and they would also get press coverage at the opening which would definitely appeal to most of the citizens of Eleanor Street. So in my opinion Parsons Meadow should most definitely become a 'park and ride' site because of the financial, economic and environmental gains that it will bring to Wigan and the surrounding area, the traffic situation in Wigan will become a lot better. ...read more.

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