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Vancouver CBD fieldstudy.

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VANCOUVER CBD FIELDSTUDY October 31, 2003 Conducted by: Alice Kim Hypothesis: Different patterns of usages of land may be observed within short distances of the central business district of Vancouver and the patterns of change will vary depending on the distance from the Central Business District. I believe studying this information and comparing the data to relevant models of urban structure, the Burgess, Hoyt, and Ullman/Harris models, will determine my hypothesis to be true, or false. This information will provide me with useful information on the depth and close strategic planning of the Central Business District of Vancouver. Introduction: This field study takes place in the central business district area of Vancouver, B.C., Canada, in the year 2003. Vancouver is located in the southwest corner of Canada in the province of British Columbia, at about 49� Latitude and 123� Longitude, next to the Pacific Ocean. It is surrounded by water on three sides and overlooked by mountains. For a more detailed look at the Greater Vancouver region, refer to Map #1. The city of Vancouver started off as a small city dwelling on the sawmill and lumber industry around False Creek; which was where the sawmills were originally located. Now-a-days, -1- businesses in Vancouver do not revolve around industry, but more so of providing as offices to the headquarters of forest products, mining companies, national as well as international banks, accounting and law firms, and recently expanded as a center for software development and biotechnology. Also, Vancouver has become a major tourist destination, possessing the famous Stanley Park. By 1865, sawmills monopolized the industry in Moodyville, present-day North Vancouver. During the 1870's, the Burrard Inlet of Vancouver was one of the busiest lumber ports of W. North America. Fur-trading forts were established in this area, and small settlements began to bloom. In 1858, gold was discovered in the Lower Fraser Valley. This attracted many people to the area. ...read more.


From the data collection, sketch maps of the buildings were drawn and colored to scale. The sketch map helps visually confirm the data collected in a more visual manner. This may help one visualize the streets to confirm the collection of data. -7- Analysis: The closest street of analysis to the CBD is Granville street, and then second closest is Richards street, and the street that is farthest away from the CBD is Homer street. *Granville Street By far, Granville was the most popular place of all, for pedestrians and customers. Granville Street A typical day on Granville street after lunch break for employees of neighborly businesses. An overwhelming total number of 155 pedestrians were counted in the short time frame of ten minutes. On the other hand, only four cars, bikes, -8- and taxis were seen. Five trucks were also recorded, but the largest number of buses of the three streets were recorded under Granville. Clearly, (figure 10) public transport by bus, or simply transport by foot was illustrated. Granville scored seventy-five points on the overall presentation of the Shopping Environment Quality Index, second to Homer street, which scored eighty points. Figure nine demonstrates the break down material in which Granville scores the maximum number of points for the numerous shoppers it has, and three out of five, for the appeal of the exterior, and value of goods. Granville also scores high, four out of five, for weight balance of more pedestrians versus traffic parking. Logically, the high scoring of Granville may be due of the fact that the street is very much part of the PLVI of Vancouver; which means that businesses in this area must have the ability to produce a large gross income to pay for the area they possess in rental fees. Figure ten visually illustrates the dominance of stores, and entertainment venues of this area. Figure eight shows the quality of the restaurants on Granville. ...read more.


Although there are many characteristics of Vancouver that are not adequate with the assumptions of the models, there are also some characteristics that do. For example, Hoyt's sectors of similar land uses in one area: Granville is a commercial area with a lot of clothing shops and entertainment venues, offices dominate on Homer, and night entertainment venues are grouped together in one location; Richards. The CBD of Vancouver may not possess all the qualities named in the Concentric Ring Model and the Sector Model, but it does qualify for the Multiple Nuclei Model. Similarities can be noted that, land value does decrease in affordability, and demand, as the distance from the CBD becomes greater. Many nuclei of different land usages around the CBD area were observed. Conclusion: The multiple nuclei model of Ullman and Harris seemed to be a match to the CBD of Vancouver. Different patterns of land usages within shorts distances of the CBD were discovered, hence, the nuclei. A variety of business functions were found in small areas. One of the many reasons may be the planning of the district before it was -18- built, which results in the patterns noted in the streets. Another may be advances in technology and transportation to fulfill ones' needs to relocate into certain areas. My hypothesis proves to be correct that land usages and patterns change within short distances of the CBD, and that the patterns will change varying on the distance. Although the models of Burgess and Hoyt did not quite fit the CBD of Vancouver, there were some similarities the sectors of similar land usages, and decrease in affordability of land as the distance increases away from the CBD. Some ways of improving the results of this investigation, is by selecting a larger area of land to examine the streets more accurately similarly to the perspectives of the models. Also, to take into account the time changes of the urban models and the advances in technology to better grasp the depth and close strategic planning of the Vancouver CBD. -19- ...read more.

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