• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Views on the Future of Montserrat. There were many primary impacts of the volcanic eruption that occurred on Montserrat in 1997. Large areas were covered with volcanic material;

Extracts from this document...


September 24th 1977 Report to British Government Views on the future of Montserrat In July 1995, the dormant volcano known as the Soufriere Hills' volcano showed some signs of small eruptions. On 18th July 1995, thousands were forced to evacuate and temporarily reside in the so-called "safe areas" or flee to neighboring Caribbean islands, New York and Britain. In August, the government declared a state of Emergency. Approximately four months later, Britain offered their help to assist with rehabilitation programs. Not only did they help in this way but they also granted millions of pounds to help aid development of the victimized island. In April 1996, the British government settled on granting Montserratians residency and the right to work in the UK for up to two years. On June 25th 1997, the Soufriere Hills' Volcano finally erupted, releasing 4.5 million metres cubed of rocks and gas and also killing a total of 19 people (even after evacuation). Two-thirds of the island was left uninhabitable and Plymouth, the capital, was abandoned. Montserrat's airport was declared closed; the island was accessible only by helicopter or boat. ...read more.


Fortunately, the UK provided 17 million pounds sterling of emergency aid to help overcome the eruption. Before the eruption took place, Plymouth was striving economically for a Caribbean island. It gained a lot of income from the tourism it attracted and trading sea life (fishing). Unfortunately, the secondary impacts of the eruption would affect the previous economically gaining factors of Montserrat. The geologists have gathered and predicted that tourists would stay away from Montserrat, therefore disrupting the economy. Also, the volcanic ash from the eruption had been predicted to destroy the marine life of Montserrat. In the future, it is possible to reduce the impacts of volcanoes, even if it is not possible to stop the actual eruption itself. Unlike Earthquakes, it is possible to predict approximately when a volcano is going to erupt. Scientists have the knowledge and instruments to monitor signs that come before a volcanic eruption. Also, hints such as tiny Earthquakes, escaping gas and change of shape of the volcano all mean an eruption is most likely. ...read more.


Aids should be promoted for LEDC's. Montserrat has suffered tremendously but the aid from the British governments has helped them overcome their problem and actually help rebuild their infrastructure. All of the strategies discussed above were all sustainable, effective and environmentally friendly. Though, Montserrat at that time did not have enough knowledge and financial aid to afford any of those schemes discussed. Predicting eruptions requires special equipment and trained scientists, which makes it expensive. Also, building techniques can be extremely expensive. Though if maybe a risk map showing all the zones of safety and exclusion was to be distributed to the citizens, less people would have died or been injured. In terms of the future of Montserrat, it is possible that a smaller community would live there, achieving an optimum population. Also, the capital Plymouth may be abandoned, as it is too close to the active volcano. There is a possibility that tourism might actually increase instead of decrease as it did with Mount St. Helens. This is because more people would want to visit the volcano. In terms of long terms responses, it would be good of Montserrat if they set up some sort of Volcano Observatory and predict future eruptions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What caused the Soufrire Hills Volcano to erupt?

    5 star(s)

    What was the impact of the eruption? The eruption on 25 June 1997 affected Montserrat in a number of ways. For the first time during the eruption people were killed and injured. Villages were destroyed and land previously used for farming was covered in rock and ash deposits.

  2. The Long Term Effects of Volcanic Eruptions

    Long-term effects The long-term effects can be classified into two categories -- economic losses and destruction of the environment. The economic losses were colossal. An estimated 651 thousand people were unemployed. Clark Airbase, one of the largest in the world, famous as a base of operation in the Vietnam War was rendered unusable and had to be abandoned.

  1. The structure of the Earth and the impact of volcanic eruptions.

    Terracing gives many advantages to farm in this harsh environment, as the flat areas retain water and also limits the downwards movement of the soil. Cashcrops like soybeans, rice and cotton are too grown. Llamas have carried materials for irrigation and people who settle in Machu Picchu rely on llamas to transport materials.

  2. Taal Volcano

    holes known as vesicles, this makes the rock both light and porous. The Main Crater Lake is in the central area of the Volcano Island, here there is concentrated vegetation because of the tephra, and you can also swim in the lake, if there are currently no alert levels (Figure 3.1).

  1. Shops and services Affecting House Prices

    There are also barely any services in Northwood. At this stage of analysing my results my hypothesis is currently proven wrong. Different roads in Northwood are being labelled at different levels for public parking, with some roads being free to park on, but as you reach the heart of Northwood (Green Lane)

  2. Areas of Volcanic and earthquake activity.

    The terrain would have been destroyed and opened up which will not make it the most popular destination until cleared up. So there are possibilities for economic development but with many risks. This is a map of the area around Mt Pinatubo:- River Basins.

  1. Earthquakes and volcanoes research

    When the ground shakes, the weight appears to joggle and bounces up and down or back and forth. Attached to the other end of the spring or wire is the pen that records the bumping of the weight onto a peeve of paper.

  2. Why did Harry Truman die in the Mt St. Helens eruption?

    Consequently, because the oceanic crust is much denser and heavier than the continental crust, it forced to sub-duct underneath the Continental Crust. As the Oceanic crust sub ducts, it starts to melt due to the high amount of heat being generated by the friction by the two plates moving but

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work