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Walk through Uxbridge, in order to see how our surroundings changed as we proceeded through the town towards the centre and back out again. We asked questions to shoppers, surveyed the buildings, and looked at the traffic and pedestrians.

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Introduction

Andrew Lightstone Historical Background: - Around the 12th century, the entire area of, what is now Hillingdon, was agricultural with small villages and Lords (the feudal system). Fields surrounded each village, and any produce of these fields not used, was taken to the Uxbridge market, which opened in 1189. This means Uxbridge was originally an independent town, whose function was a market town. We saw signs of its medieval beginning as we looked at buildings and the Church cemetery. Uxbridge was first known as a small hamlet and with the help of the market, it grew into the largest market town in Middlesex. The prime location of the town also helped in its growth. It was situated on one of the few crossing points over the River Colne on the road between Oxford and London. During the time of horse and cart, the distance of 15 miles from the centre of London was the best distance for a horse to travel. This meant Uxbridge started to develop as an important staging area as well. During the time of the Civil war between 1642 and 1649, the town became the barracks for the Parliamentary army because of its strategic location. It was also the place that the peace treaty was attempted in what is now known as the 'Crown and Treaty' pub. Transport therefore helped Uxbridge to expand and grow. The London Underground is a necessity to everyday life in the London. However, when each line of the Underground system was in competition with each other, and owned by various different companies, the Underground went to Uxbridge. The Metropolitan line was the first to arrive from Harrow-on-the-Hill in 1904. The decades between the wars, introduced the semi-detached house. As seen by our survey, quite a few of the houses we saw in zone 3 and 4 were 1920-30 semi-detached houses. With these houses, came thousands more people. ...read more.

Middle

We knew we were back in the suburbs because we saw a large 2-storey restaurant, surround by open land. Another sign of the town's age, was a primary school, built before the 1900's, still in use. There were now few houses along the edge of the road, with exception of some modern detached houses. The vehicles: - When we started the walk, we were next to a large main road with few houses around us, so there were many more vehicles recorded here than anywhere else. However it didn't affect any other calculations because this was not what we were trying to find out. But there were more HGV's here than anywhere else. This is because few go into large towns and cities unless they have business to do. Others just bypass them. When there was no longer a dual carriageway, the road was lined with houses. Yet the cars only decreased slightly, because we were at a junction. The number of cars then took a dip as we walked through a High Street. The number of vehicles was unusually low, however we did see 5 buses, which was the most we saw during the day. This was because the area was still quite commercial despite the fact it wasn't near the CBD, and it was easy and sometimes quicker for buses to get around. The number of vehicles increased quickly as we walked on and the main peak is at the 15th stop. This was just before the 'Pavilions' shopping centre. There were many offices and shops surrounding the area. This is also where we got two people riding a bike and a motorcycle. A motorcycle would be far quicker to get around on, and a bike could go through the pedestrianised areas. After the Pavilion we came out into a wide road lined with old offices. Near here was quite a major junction, so there were many cars lined up at the traffic lights and moving passed us. ...read more.

Conclusion

Usually has a friend with her. 4) A man or woman in a suit just left the job to get some lunch. Always gets to the CBD by car daily for his or her job. These are some of the people I interviewed. GLOSSARY Agricultural - used for farming, very rural. Burgess Model - A diagram illustrating that every independent town and city, is divided up into zones, each with different land uses and features, the central business distric being in the middle (zone 1). CBD (Central business district) - A zone of maximum access. Land is very expensive and is in high demand because of the prime location. Dormitory town - An area where most people go to sleep in their houses, then leave to go to work and commute. Function - The reason a settlement is founded, grows and expands. Hoyt Model - A diagram that follows the same principle as the Burgess model, yet includes transects, where if a feature of one zone is found in another it is clearly labelled with an extension of the original zone. Independent - A town or city that can survive on its own progress and economy with out the need of help from others. Parade - Shops lined up, attached to each other, in a long line along a roads edge. Semi detached - Two houses built attached to each other (most were built in the decades between the wars). Staging area - A place where horses could be changed or rested after a long journey. Suburbs - The borders of Uxbridge, normally zone 5 in most cities and towns. Terrace - Houses lined up, attached to each other, in a long line (built for the working class normally - cheap and small). Zone 2 - Contains warehouses and working class houses (zone of transition) Zone 3 - Inner suburbs, and terraces of traditional working class houses. Although areas like Islington have been modernized and are respectable areas. Zone 4 - Mostly semi-detached housing. Zone 5 - Outer suburbs, large detached houses with large grounds. ...read more.

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