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Was it the human or natural causes that caused the 1998 floods in bangladesh?

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Introduction

Bangladesh Coursework Bangladesh Bangladesh is located in southern Asia. It is quite a small country and has two neighbouring countries. Surrounding it in the north, west an east is India. On the north-east is Burma. In the coast is the Bay of Bengal. There are two rivers flowing through Bangladesh: river Ganges and river Brahmaputra. Bangladesh's capital is Dacca. Bangladesh is based on very flat land more than 50% of Bangladesh is below 15 meters of sea level which is a big problem to country causing constant flooding. In addition to this the country has a high amount of rainfall during some of its seasons which has a big impact on the drainage basin. The country faces a genuine amount of Natural hazards: including droughts, cyclones and the high monsoons during the summer season, these affect the delta regions. The flooding that happens due to the human and natural causes is what I will be considering during this coursework. I will explore the current problems that the flooding causes including the amount of homeless people after the floods, the high ranking spread of waterborne diseases due to the polluted water. As well as that the huge amounts of deforestation and soil erosion would be the effects of the flooding and looked into throughout this project. ...read more.

Middle

I along many no longer have a home as my house has been destroyed and there is no longer a trace of it, even below the water. I guess my crops have also been destroyed and I will be scarce for food, my family and I could not last on the supplies they give us as they are not going to last forever I have been out here for a very long time and the water is making the family I have left numb. The emergency food supplies shave not yet arrived, so we are all going through a rough time living with starvation. I have lost my daughter and spent all of yesterday looking for her. However there is no trace and I am hoping she is all right. The water swept her away and I must say inconveniently that there have been many trees and houses damaged, this could continue to make me say that she might have had no chance to grab anything that could hold her which would be worthwhile for her existence > It is said that the huge climate change is very likely to affect Bangladesh's population of more than 140 million in the next 50 years. It is very likely that the sea levels will rise in the south of Bangladesh and many droughts will rise dramatically in the north, this could be an aspect that could create further flooding but also something that would disrupt the population structure. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the natural cause is the greater cause because they cannot usually be prevented. The 3 main natural causes are: the land in Bangladesh is naturally flat. Bangladesh's climate is naturally wet , this is also exceptionally high during the summer months and clashes with the time that high temperatures occur and this is when the snow begins to melt all off these add water into the river. However, there are many human causes as well that contribute to the flooding. Deforestation is the main one that outweighs the rest. Trees are interceptors and act like sponges that soak in water, and when deforestation happens there are no trees there so there is no infiltration. Deforestation cannot be stopped as the country is an LEDC. Also even though the trees later may be replanted it could take forever for them to re-grow making this method ineffective. I think the best solution to use from the methods that guard Bangladesh against floods is building the embankments. This would help greatly as the flooding would be stopped. Arranging where the embankments are built is what should be carefully planned and if this is done accurately there will be a decrease in the flooding for the future and the effects will not be as severe as before where the preparation wasn't as effective. Nataliya Charnetski 10A ...read more.

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