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What are the local and global consequences of deforestation?

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Introduction

What are the local and global consequences of deforestation? Intro Deforestation is the large-scale removal of forest, prior to its replacement by other land uses. It is proceeding at about 17 million hectares each year between 1980 and 1990, annual deforestation rates were 1.2 per cent in Asia and the Pacific, 0.8 per cent in Latin America, and 0.7 per cent in Africa. Forest area is generally stable in Europe and North America, although the rate of transition from old-growth forest to other forms in North America is controversially high. Global Consequences Deforestation may be distinguished from forest degradation, which is a reduction in forest quality. The main worry for environmentalists and the world's population is that many species are being lost as their habitats are being destroyed. ...read more.

Middle

Biodiversity is important because it contributes to resiliency. . Forests play a major role in carbon storage; with their removal, excessive carbon dioxide in the atmosphere may lead to global warming, with many problematic side-effects. Local Consequences The culture and knowledge of many forest peoples have evolved through centuries of nurturing the forest; they are diminishing as forest area reduces, as access to forest is increasingly restricted, and as traditional rights are eroded by governments. Deforestation affects the livelihoods of between 200 and 500 million people who depend on forests for their food, shelter, and fuel. They cause soil erosion and watershed destabilization, soil erosion poses a real problem in regions where towns are surrounded by forests as it means bad conditions for plants and crops to grow on, plants are important as it is the townspeople's and world's source for ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion While deforestation is now viewed as a problem, historically it was considered to assist national development. Natural forest "capital" was liquidated and replaced by other forms of capital, to produce food, raw materials, energy, or infrastructure. Deforestation escalates the greenhouse effect which ,mans the damaging of the ozone layer as the forests prevent too much carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. It may also cause global warming, for example the winters are gradually getting warmer and the polar ice caps are melting, this leads to flooding which threatens many countries. This may lead to soild erosion through the flooding of communities which means less crops being produced; this means that the economy will drop. Deforestation also means less chance for hunting . pollution arises killing wildlife and leading to death of locals. In conclusion, deforestation should be stopped due to as it leads to the death of vegetation and wildlife and it damages the environment both locally and globally ...read more.

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