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What are the problems with Rapid Urbanisation and solutions?

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Introduction

What are the problems with Rapid Urbanisation and solutions? Many problems face cities which are rapidly urbanising, such as pollution( both air and water), ethnic rioting and spontaneous housing . Pollution is a big problem for cities experiencing rapid urbanisation, in Mumbai for example there is a massive problem with water pollution. Water pollution from untreated sewage and industrial waste is common in Mumbai, and water-borne diseases are widespread. 75% of all sewage is discharged into local waterways and coastal waters. These areas of water that are now polluted are used by thousands of people every day and diseases are spread easily. There are many solutions to water pollution however, Mumbai officials are trying to improve sewage treatment by fixing outdated water treatment plants and facilities. They are also reducing the amount of water pollution caused by oil and petroleum liquids by making the criteria needed for maintaining your vehicle more strict. ...read more.

Middle

Los Angeles has had a long and significant air pollution problem, brought about mainly from industrial emissions. Air pollution is the main factor to the another major concern in LA ... the smog. When the cool sea air meets the warm air from the city it can cause a temperature inversion which means the heavier cold air sinks into the city's basin shaped location. The cold air mingles with the warmer polluted air and forms fog, the high levels of air pollution and the UV radiation from the sun turn the fog into a photochemical smog. This smog does as much lung damage as someone who smokes 12 cigarettes a day. The Los Angeles officials are tackling the pollution problems in several ways, their improving the public transport and giving some of the profits to develop a new "cleaner" rail network. They are also giving Financial incentives, for example to employers who organise "car pooling" (where workers share lifts) ...read more.

Conclusion

This produces spontaneous, or shanty, housing which is the most visible and characteristic feature in all LIC environments. These are illegal residential areas that lack adequate access to water and sanitation, have no security of tenure, and suffer poor structural quality of housing and insufficient living area. The government have solutions to provide better living conditions for the urban poor, and remove the eye sore that is the slums. They can provide government housing, built especially to provide affordable housing for the urban poor. They can also use the PPP platform which compensates for both the need of the slum dwellers and the private sectors in a new and unique way. The PPP platform was first implemented in Mumbai in 2004 and provided new housing for Dharavi's 600'000 residents. In conclusion therefore we can see that quite a few problems exist for rapidly urbanising cities, but with the right solutions they can be controlled and put right. ...read more.

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