• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the problems with Rapid Urbanisation and solutions?

Extracts from this document...


What are the problems with Rapid Urbanisation and solutions? Many problems face cities which are rapidly urbanising, such as pollution( both air and water), ethnic rioting and spontaneous housing . Pollution is a big problem for cities experiencing rapid urbanisation, in Mumbai for example there is a massive problem with water pollution. Water pollution from untreated sewage and industrial waste is common in Mumbai, and water-borne diseases are widespread. 75% of all sewage is discharged into local waterways and coastal waters. These areas of water that are now polluted are used by thousands of people every day and diseases are spread easily. There are many solutions to water pollution however, Mumbai officials are trying to improve sewage treatment by fixing outdated water treatment plants and facilities. They are also reducing the amount of water pollution caused by oil and petroleum liquids by making the criteria needed for maintaining your vehicle more strict. ...read more.


Los Angeles has had a long and significant air pollution problem, brought about mainly from industrial emissions. Air pollution is the main factor to the another major concern in LA ... the smog. When the cool sea air meets the warm air from the city it can cause a temperature inversion which means the heavier cold air sinks into the city's basin shaped location. The cold air mingles with the warmer polluted air and forms fog, the high levels of air pollution and the UV radiation from the sun turn the fog into a photochemical smog. This smog does as much lung damage as someone who smokes 12 cigarettes a day. The Los Angeles officials are tackling the pollution problems in several ways, their improving the public transport and giving some of the profits to develop a new "cleaner" rail network. They are also giving Financial incentives, for example to employers who organise "car pooling" (where workers share lifts) ...read more.


This produces spontaneous, or shanty, housing which is the most visible and characteristic feature in all LIC environments. These are illegal residential areas that lack adequate access to water and sanitation, have no security of tenure, and suffer poor structural quality of housing and insufficient living area. The government have solutions to provide better living conditions for the urban poor, and remove the eye sore that is the slums. They can provide government housing, built especially to provide affordable housing for the urban poor. They can also use the PPP platform which compensates for both the need of the slum dwellers and the private sectors in a new and unique way. The PPP platform was first implemented in Mumbai in 2004 and provided new housing for Dharavi's 600'000 residents. In conclusion therefore we can see that quite a few problems exist for rapidly urbanising cities, but with the right solutions they can be controlled and put right. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Discuss the problems of the Central Business Districts of MEDC cities. Suggest solutions to ...

    On Sunday anyone can drive. I think that this method of reducing cars in the CBD is good and successful for cities in LEDC countries because people can only just about afford one car let alone two. That's why this would not be doing so well in MEDC countries such

  2. CHP Potential in Indian Industrial Sectors

    The annual installed capacity of the industry is about 146 million tonnes and production was about 106 million tonnes during 2001-02. The current trend is to install large size single stream cement plants of 1.2-2.5 million TPA capacity. Cement plays a vital role in infrastructure development, especially in a developing country like India.

  1. Is there an overcrowding problem in Tonbridge?

    may lead to problems of overcrowding (especially in the town centre). Overcrowding in Tonbridge is of particular concern because of Tonbridge's linear development Northwards and Southwards. This was to avoid the Medway's flood plain to the east. However, recent flood protection systems have finally allowed the town to slowly move eastwards.

  2. Modern Living.

    common highway to Walkern in 1660 by Watton villagers and the failure, in late-1746, of William Cox of Bardolph's Farm[22] to report that his cattle had distemper. It is also clear from these records, even though the reasons may have changed, opinions of politicians were little higher then than they are now.

  1. Norfolk Broads environments

    This makes it difficult for other species which need oxygen too, to survive. Species die out or move to colonise another area of the Broads. There is a less varied ecosystem. * On some Broads there is too much traffic.

  2. World Cities - notes on the development of Mumbai and other great cities.

    housing, further and further away from the CBD Massive overcrowding on public transport Development of squatter settlements Dharavi- the problem ? Called the biggest slum in Asia. ? Home to over 600,000 people over 2km2 ? Lots of cottage industries that generate around US$40m worth of business each year ?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work