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What is a National Park?

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What is a National Park? A national park is a large area of land that is protected by law to benefit the nation. About 10% of England and Wales has been turned into national park land. (See Map A) How The National Parks Began 100 years of yesterdays gone by many people worked in dairy factories 6 days a week, they looked forward to Sunday when they could escape to the countryside. But in the countryside, landowners were busy trying to stop visitors from entering, this made the city folk upset, big demonstrations were set up in the cities to fight for fair rights of the use of the countryside. In 1949 the government passed laws allowing the setting up of National Parks, to make sure everyone had equal access to the countryside. The first national park was the Peak District National Park in 1951. A National Park Authority manages every National Park. Who Owns National Parks? A honey pot national park, like the Peak District is one which is more popular, and has more visitors that other national parks. We went to Castleton to prove the hypothesis that there are more facilities than are needed for the local inhabitants. To do this we needed to investigate the following ideas: A: The environment in and around Castleton is going to be attractive to visitors from a wide area. ...read more.


13 1 2 2 2 3 1 2 1 1 2 13 14 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 16 15 1 1 2 1 1 3 2 2 1 2 16 16 1 1 2 2 1 1 3 3 3 2 19 17 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 19 18 1 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 1 4 18 Table1 Square 11 (according to the survey) is the most attractive and square 13 the most unattractive. Square 11 scored the most points because: it had the stream running through it, it had a good state of repair no litter or graffiti had good views of the castle and trees, all adding together to make it the most attractive square. The least attractive (13) was on the outskirts of the town, and the amenities were mainly for the locals, e.g. the Bus Stop and Post Office (Graph A) Graph a shows us that most people (3) thought that the pubs and shops of Castleton are its best attraction; Blue John Cavern and Mam Tor were the least interesting with only 1 person registering an interest in each. Peveril Castle was the second most popular, along with people not knowing (because it was their first visit and had just arrived). The caves and surrounding scenery were penultimate losers, which is surprising as they are the attractions that advertised themselves with leaflets etc. ...read more.


This adds to 19 as one of the people that I asked was from Castleton. The Facilities And Amenities For The Visitor For this section I am going to use my Land Use Map. The map shows all the buildings in Castleton. I have given each building type its own colour. Orange for buildings that are intended for tourist use, green for buildings intended for the local population of Castleton and red for buildings that can be used by both. The majority of buildings (37) are for the local inhabitants most of which are houses; others include a school and a post office. 20 buildings are for tourists: Tourist Information, shops, Peveril Castle ticket office and B+B's. 14 which could be described as use for both, these are things such as pubs, and the church. Castleton has many buildings for tourists, more for locals and a few that are for both. Keeping a right balance of entertainment for tourists and homes and amenities for locals is important in places like Castleton. Castleton does this by keeping the tourist buildings to the central areas of the town and the resident's buildings to the north and west of the village. There are of course cross over areas were the two mix e.g. if you go to visit the castle you have to walk right through a residential area of the village to get to the ticket office but there is a clear divide in the village. ...read more.

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