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What should planners in the new Millenium learn from the redevelopment of the London Docklands?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What should planners in the new Millenium learn from the redevelopment of the London Docklands? I will look, in detail, at the different areas of the London Docklands, and how each one has been developed. I will look at the facilities, and the housing. I will also be commenting on whether the redevelopment have solved the problems that existed before the redevelopment. I will see if the redevelopment have created any new problems in the area, and which parts of the redevelopment have been a success, and which haven't. My project will be in four sections. The first one will be background information on the Docklands, where they are, why did they decline, and background information on the LDDC. The second section will be about what the LDDC has achieved, what type of housing has been built and are there enough facilities. The third section will explore whether the developments have been a success, and who has benefited from their development. The fourth, and final section, will be my plans for the only undeveloped dock, the Royal Docks. I will take into account the present redevelopment, and design mine according to the successes and failures of the current developments. I visited the London Docklands area on a school field trip, and while I was there I collected primary data, in the form of leaflets, newspapers, photographs etc. I visited the different areas of the London Docklands, and saw how each one is different. I traveled on the Docklands Light Railway, and visited the London City Airport. These are both new facilities, and I collected data on each. I collected as much primary data as I could, and I noted down any observations of each area. I also had a booklet to fill in, provided by school. I have been provided with a data booklet, and I have also done research on the Internet to find more secondary data. ...read more.

Middle

The developments in leisure will attract more people to the area, which in turn will help local business. Have the developments been a success? I believe the developments have been a success, but not in the fact that they provide a service to the locals. I think that the developments have been a success in the fact they will attract more people to the area, and therefore aid the development of local business. If major events are hosted at the facilities, this will promote the London Docklands, and maybe attract more visitors. The London Arena will attract lots of people, due to the events that re hosted there, but few of these people will be locals. Business One of the tasks of the LDDC was to: "Encourage the development of existing and new industry and commerce" The Enterprise Zone was set up by the LDDC in 1982, and it lasted for 10 years. The aim of the project was to encourage business into the London Docklands area. The Enterprise Zone gave businesses that set up in Docklands, the following benefits: 1. No land tax 2. No rates on industrial and commercial property 3. 100% allowances for corporation and income tax purposes for capital expenditure on industrial and commercial buildings 4. No need to apply to local council for planning permission (the LDDC was the planning authority in the Enterprise Zone 1,300 companies have arrived in the London Docklands since 1981. There has been a 56% increase in employers in the area since 1981. Companies that had premises in the Docklands, and other parts of London have re-located to the Docklands, as there is lot of space. The Daily Telegraph is one example of this. The Daily telegraph offices were in Fleet Street, Central London, and they were small with no room for expansion. They have now moved to the Docklands (Canary Wharf), and under the benefits of the Enterprise Zone, have expanded the new offices cheaply and easily. ...read more.

Conclusion

The workforce has grown, but most of these jobs are just the workers that moved to the area with their employer. "What should planners in the new Millenium learn from the redevelopment of the London Docklands" * Consider the needs of locals * Cheap housing, made available to locals * Jobs available to locals-suitable jobs for local community e.g., un-skilled manual * Develop areas that need development the most first, and do not neglect areas that are isolated * Provide leisure facilities for the locals, which are cheap (free is possible), clean and accessible * Transport access to all areas is very important, to attract people to the area * Attract the right businesses for the area, not expensive jewellery shops or finance companies in an area with a low average wage I will try and use these priorities to draw plans to develop the Royal Docks in my own style. I will include criteria that I think is important. Evaluation I did a lot of research for this project, and I didn't have much primary data as we didn't have much time in the Docklands area. I would have visited the area again if I had had the time. I would have collected more primary data, as I think that I could have included more in my project. I looked for newspaper articles about the Docklands developments, but I could not find many. I looked on the Internet and in the library, but there were not many articles available. During the project I had to try to view the developments from a neutral point of view. This wasn't very difficult as the developments have no real effect on me personally, but I did feel that some of the LDDC's decisions were wrong. I tried not to let this effect my judgement though. I think that due to the limited time available for this project, I have completed the task successfully. I could have improved the accuracy of my project by using more recent data, as the data that I used was quite old, most of it from 1995. ...read more.

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