• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did so many people die in the Kobe Earthquake?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did so many people die in the Kobe Earthquake? Kobe is a major city in central Japan, its population is 1,528,948. It is situated on a minor fault, the Najima fault line. It lies above a destructive plate margin, hence why Japan has so many volcanoes. At 5.46pm, 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasting for 30 seconds, struck Kobe. This colossus earthquake was caused by "The Philippines plate" and the "Pacific plate", (Oceanic Crust) getting forced downwards when pressure was applied to it by the Eurasian plate (continental crust). The seismic waves caused by the plates rippled through the earth's surface. As well as causing earthquakes these events can cause Volcanoes. The magma rises out of the earth and out of the cracks which have been formed. Although this earthquake may seem big, it is still relatively small compared to the ones that the American people have to endure in San Francisco and California. These one's reach 8-9 on the Richter scale! They are located on the "Ring of fire", which also lies above a destructive plate margin. As you may or may not know, Japan is basically an island made up of volcanoes sticking out of the ground. ...read more.

Middle

Seeing as the earthquake struck in the early hours of the morning, I assume that most people were unaware of disaster that was happening. They were all probably sleeping, so that is why there were so many casualties. The death toll in Kobe was 5,500. As well as also leaving 40,000 injured, the earthquake caused other huge problems in Kobe. Nearly 200, 000 buildings collapsed. 1km of the elevated Hanshin Expressway got destroyed, blocking the roads and making it difficult to get around. As well as 130km of the bullet train route was destroyed, which prevented many people from escaping Kobe. Gas, electricity, food and water supply was disrupted causing many people to start looting and breaking into to shops. 500m wall of fire raged for days as it engulfed the outer regions of the city destroying 7500 houses. Due this an estimated 230,000 people were left homeless, and they had to live in temporary shelters such as: Schools, gyms and open parks. Dust filled the air making it very hard for people to breathe and to see as it blocked out the sun. After the earthquake there were 716 aftershocks felt that lasted days after the main earthquake, 74 were strong enough to be felt by man! ...read more.

Conclusion

No houses from then on were allowed to be made out of brick or clay, the new buildings all had to be made from solid rock, because water rises during an earthquake. Scientists also increase the number of seismic instruments, to record the earth's movement. I conclude that the Japanese government as well as the people took a laid back attitude, to the natural disaster that they knew was coming. Someone should have stood up and say "We need to take action, now, before it gets too late!" But as we know, no one did pluck up the courage to stand up and speak up, and look what happened. The government had the money and the technology to build up their defenses in their country, so they didn't succumb to natural disasters like the one addressed. Japan was the richest, and the most technologically advanced country in the world. But on the contrary, Japanese scientists have since tried to improve prediction of quakes, but seismology is not always accurate and it is extremely difficult to predict when and where quakes will occur. So all in all, they're too many explanations and excuses about why this happened. But we have to face it, and move on. We will truly never know exactly what will happen to something before it is too late. . ?? ?? ?? ?? October 28, 2008 [RICHARD USHIRO-LUMB 9A] ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This answer contains useful information about the Kobe earthquake, including its causes, impacts and the responses to it. It could be improved by being more focused on the question - why did so many people die? The author hints at the reasons without actually spelling them out.

Marked by teacher Nigel Fisher 16/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Sea Defence. Which is better: hard or soft engineering?

    4 star(s)

    Beach management replaces beach or cliff material that has been removed by erosion or long shore drift. The main advantage is that beaches are a natural defence against erosion and coastal flooding.

  2. Letter to the brazilian government regarding the amazonian rainforest

    The trees cut down should be replaced immediately by the seeds of that species - afforestation. This would at least enable the survival of the vegetation in Amazonia in the future. Also once again, it could be acceptable to place a tax on the more expensive tree species which are

  1. What should happen to Happisburgh?

    Move people away - moving people away from the area all together is an option. The population density is low and so not many people would be affected. Residents would be moved roughly ten miles away, so the land could continue to erode as it has been doing for a long time.

  2. Kobe Earthquake - causes and effects

    The Kobe earthquake is a oceanic-continental convergence plate movement (figure 1 on the side shows different plate movement). Compared to a continental-continental convergence plate movement, the environment effects are more noticeable in a continental-continental convergence plate movement. However there has not been a continental-continental convergence plate movement for several centuries.

  1. 1989 San Fransicso Earthquake - Case Study

    Under this, buildings can sink, intact, under their own weight. What made the earthquake even worse, was that the quake was predicted and the areas which suffered most were known to be at risk, and yet nothing was done. All of the following events were caused by the earthquake of

  2. Global Warming: Causes, Effects and Remedies

    Everyday over 5500 acres of rainforest are destroyed. As a consequence of massive loss of forests, global CO, levels rise approximately 0.4 per cent each year, the levels not experienced on this planet for millions of years. As we know the forests are the great absorbers of CO,,.

  1. Revision notes - the Earth, causes and effects of Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

    Indian & Eurasian (formed Himalayas) 1. Earth-quakes 2. Fold Mountain Categorising Volcanoes Magma Chamber Main Vent Secondary Vent Volcanoes are formed when semi-molten rock called magma rises and forces its way through weaknesses in the crust and then as surface pressure builds up there is a volcanic eruption.

  2. Physical Geography Earth revision notes

    If one tectonic plate is dragged beneath another , stress on the boundary causes the edges of the plates to flex and deform 2. The flexing of the plates displaces the entire column of water vertically . 3. Quickly the water column splits into two with one wave travelling out to sea and the other towards the cost .

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work