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Are there sensitive periods during early development?

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Introduction

Are there sensitive periods during early development? From the moment of conception to the moment we are born and grow into adulthood, the timing of even the first beginning of our life journey is crucial. Even the timing of fertilization can be too soon or too late in which will cause the organism to be destroyed. (The Development of Children, 2nd ed). The mother carrying a baby has a responsibility to ensure enough nutrition is supplied for the rapid growth of the organism. However it is also crucial that the fetus also plays a part to survive, by being active and moving to develop. Hamburger, 1975 illustration of fetal activity (as cited in The Development of Children, 2nd ed. p.87.) indicates that fetal activity is important to develop, this was indicated by his experiment with chick embryos, that when the chicks embryo is immobilized of excess neurons that ordinarily associate with neuromuscular development, then the results are disastrous. In as little as 1 - 2 days the joints of the chick embryos become fixed into unresponsive structures, showing evidence that movement is necessary for connection between the bones to develop. The prenatal development is a sensitive time for the baby to develop even its mental health as demonstrated by Henry David, 1981 (as cited in the development of children. ...read more.

Middle

where he quotes " children who for some reason who have not had sufficient exposure to language to acquire one before the age of 6-7 years, may never acquire a language. More evidence to coincide with this theory comes from lenneberg, 1967, (as cited in Early Experience, 1967) where he regards the critical period for primary speech acquisition as lasting until puberty and therefore after puberty, the ability for self-organization and adjustment to the physiological demands of verbal behavior quickly declines. In other words this could suggest that after we reach the age of puberty, an example of this is if we were to learn another language in their native tongue, this would almost be impossible. We would speak their foreign language but with our own native accent. There are a number of different theories to demonstrate child development through research and practice, namely ' the psychoanalytic point of view' whereby Sigmund Freud was very influential in the making of psychoanalytic theory of the unconscious and conscious development, in which he did pay some substantial attention to the recollection of childhood experiences and development. The psychoanalytical point of view is said to be viewed as a biological theory of personality, although the biological drives are placed within a social context. ...read more.

Conclusion

the law without affecting your emotional attachments to the child, when it can be so much easier to let the child learn for themselves, maybe even through trial and error (Thorndike's theory of learning, Systems & Theories of Psychology, 2nd ed, p. 203.) but then as a parent you have a responsibility to induce self management in the child, so that they learn how to behave morally. Critical periods of development, could be said to sensitive to how parents influence not only behavior but also making sure during pregnancy they are in good mental and physical health. It could be stressed that mental health is more vital as most of the mothers who were mentioned earlier in Henry David's research (1981) were in good health but had feelings of unhappiness towards the unborn child, which ib the long term effects were more likely to deliver unhealthy babies and for the children to then have behavioral problems into adulthood. Even the impact of poverty on child rearing can have detrimental effects, where by for an example taken from the development of children, p.408. That chronic poverty such as that experienced by Irish tinkers; (Irish gypsy's) creates multiple risk factors for children's development. In which have crucial effects on how the children display social relations and relationships with peers and family. 1685 words. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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