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Balanced Diet according to life stages

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P1/D1: Identify/Describe/Explain how the components of a balanced diet vary according to the life stages of individuals. The nutritional needs of the human body change at different life stages. To maintain a good health, it's essential to complete the needs placed on your body by these changes. To meet your body's expected nutritional needs, you should have a mixed diet that focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, greens, dairy foods and lean meats can perform these vital needs. Infancy (0-3 Years) When babies are born, they usually increase their length by 50% and weight by 300% between birth and one year into life. In the first 0-6 months, the only form of food that a baby can get all its nutrients from - is their mother's breast milk. A mother's breast milk provides just the right blend of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, and calories and also contains enzymes to aid digestion and minerals, such as calcium and iron, in a form in which a baby's body can almost completely absorb. Breast milk also contains antibodies, which help protect a baby from infection and disease, however if the mother chooses not to breastfeed their baby, formula milk is used; modified cows milk that usually comes in powder and needs preparing. ...read more.


3. Meat and meat alternatives (fish, eggs, beans and pulses, nuts and seeds). Foods from the meat group provide strong sources of protein and amino acids that are vital for growth, development and for the repair of the body cells. Besides they contain important vitamins and minerals. Health experts recommend individuals to aim for a minimum of at least 2 servings from this group per day. 4. Dairy products (milk, cheese and yoghurt) Dairy products are an important source of calcium, essential for strong bones and teeth. They also provide protein, vitamin A, phosphorus, vitamin D and vitamin B2. Fit adults should have 3 servings from this group each day. 5. Fat and sugars This food group should be kept minimum, because of the danger to your health from high level of fats and sugars; you should keep foods such as pastries, crisps, desserts, sweets, cakes at the minimum level. Pregnant women Even at pregnancy a well-balanced diet should contain something from all the food groups: dairy products, fruit, vegetables, fish, meat, eggs, fat and carbohydrates. A pregnant woman needs to eat something from all these food groups every day in order to get the proper amounts of energy. ...read more.


help bowel health; cut down on salt; eat from a wide variety of food and to share mealtimes with friends and family. Having a balanced diet for the elderly includes - * Intake of energy rich foods such as sweets, fried/high fat foods, cereals and starches should be reduced, whilst milk, dairy products, fruits, vegetables especially green leafed vegetables. * Sufficient amount of calcium intake to ensure the losses due to steady demineralization of bones associated with ageing. * Good amount of sunlight exposure to meet the vitamin D criteria * Food high in fats, in particular saturated fats should be avoided and instead other oils containing high levels of unsaturated fat such as sunflower oil, soyabean oil should be used to prevent and control the condition of hypertension and other cardio vascular diseases that occur with age. * Reduction of simple sugars, they only lead to unnecessary calories. * Fibre should be consumed especially at old age, due to its beneficial effects in conditions such s constipation, diabetes, cardio vascular diseases. * The quantity of food may decrease because of the advancing of age effects the capacity to digest food and tolerate large meals. ?? ?? ?? ?? Health and Social Care Coursework - Unit 6 Selin Kavlak 11B - 1 - ...read more.

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