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Birth Control Policy in China

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Introduction

Birth Control Policy In China Question 3 page 113 a. China implemented a "one child" policy which meant that each couple was only able to have one child. This is a way to control the rapid and high population of China. They have so far claimed that china will be using this policy through the 2006-2010 five year planning period. The one child per couple policy was established by the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit China's population growth. Although it was only planned to be a temporary plan, it still exists today so it was active for a quarter of a century. If a couple were to have two children there would be consequences such as fines, pressurised abortion or forced sterilization. This rule has only been restricted to Chinese people living in the urban areas of China but minorities living in the rural areas of China do not have to obey this rule. ...read more.

Middle

b. This method was successful in decreasing the rapid and high population growth in China. Over the first twenty years of the policy, population growth in China was decreased by 300 million. This shows a success in their policy. Female fertility has also fallen to 1.7 children per woman which is another success from the policy. However, this also caused parents to reject, and sometimes abort, female children. Since there was only room for one child per couple, the couples wanted, and still want, their family name to stay which is a way of bringing honour to the family. Male children were also wanted as they can work for the family business until the children become adults. Males were more known to do jobs as most of the jobs involved heavy lifting and cooking. ...read more.

Conclusion

Children in China are taught about birth and the one child policy in great detail so that, hopefully, more alternative solutions will arise. When the child grows up they must support their two parents and the parents (couples) must support their four parents/in-laws. This is known as the one-two-four problem. This causes a dependency problem. The parents may depend on their children too much. In conclusion, I think the one child policy in China has become a success because it decreased population growth by 300 million within the first twenty years and female fertility went down to 1.7 children per woman. Although there are many flaws in this policy, China has not reached the one-two-four problem, spoiled children is not a big problem. China still have one thing to worry about. The fact that less females are being born. This is an advertisement to encourage the one child per couple policy. The writing is "sweet achievement" in English. Ethan Wong LVT Miss Pownall ...read more.

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