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GCSE: Child Development
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- Marked by Teachers essays 30
Babies start to recognize their parents, family and friends between the ages of 3 to 6 months old. Language skills are very important as they need to communicate with other people and building relationship with others. They build a relationship with their family members first and then become friends with other people. Childhood (3-11years) Physical Intellectual Emotional Social Children aged between 3-11 start to tie their shoes and can throw a ball and also play football or play an instrument. Children in this age group tend to carry out logical activities and they begin to understand different concepts They begin to become fluent in language and develop a good vocabulary which means they can make sentences and use
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Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years. Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.4 star(s)
Written Narrative - Naturalistic. This method is used when what is seen and heard are happening naturally, the observer noticing what the children are doing something when the observer is not directory involved. This method describes the process of looking, listening and taking notes. It tells the story as it happens. This type of observation is good for social development because it shows how the children interact with one another it also shows the relationship with other children. * Explain ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage of this method of observing children D4.
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This report is a personal development plan that shows an evaluation of current skills and knowledge that includes my strengths and weaknesses.4 star(s)
EVALUATION OF SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE Evaluation is the key stage to the self-development cycle because it enables me to discover whether that development activity was worthwhile, applicable, and if and how my skills or working behaviour as a result. (Kolb argued 1984 -76) 2.1. Technical - course-related Characteristics of learning styles Experiential leaning theorists have hypothesized four basic modes in the learning process. a. Concrete experience (feeling) b. Reflective observation (watching) c. Abstract conceptualization - formation of concepts and generalizations (thinking)
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The aim of this observation is to observe a two year old child to see how the child interacts With other children.4 star(s)
free description, time sample) The method I have used to do my observation is free description. I have chosen this method Because I think a free description observation is the easiest way to observe a child while they are playing. Note: Confidentiality must be maintained at all times and only necessary information concerning the child and family should be included. Parental permission must be sought for photographs or other material which might identify a child or their family. 5. Observation: Elliot is holding a green car in his left hand while putting a man in it with his right hand from the draws.
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Age Age differences between care workers and their patients and clients can act as a barrier to communication where there is a generation gap that makes it hard for people to relate to each other. For example, young care staff without thinking may adopt a very informal, familiar approach when addressing and talking to older people for whom they care for. It is not unusual for some older residents in nursing homes to object when young, new and unfamiliar staff use their first names or talk to them in a very informal way.
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Neglect includes failing to provide a child with food, shelter, basic health care, supervision, nurturing or protection from risks. • risk factors for child maltreatment, which are well recognised. Examples include: – parental or carer drug or alcohol abuse – parental or carer mental health – intra-familial violence or history of violent offending – previous child maltreatment in members of the family – known maltreatment of animals by the parent or carer – vulnerable and unsupported parents or carers – pre-existing disability in the child Other warning signs may include: » Running away from home or being scared to go home » In a young child, not responding to affection or positive attention » Poor self-esteem (for example, when children call themselves bad or say they deserve to be punished)
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Cach L2 unit 5. Professional Attributes - A non- judgemental approach to practice Time keeping Attendance Attitude to work Awareness of childrens development
Attitude to work- it is good to show good attitude towards your work because you wouldn?t want to seem like you are not bothered with the work, you have to look enthusiastic. You always need to have a positive attitude when working with children so that the children know that you are willing to play with them. This shows your co-workers that you are interested and willing to work with the children. Awareness of children?s development- Child development refers to the changes that occur as a child grows and develops in relation to being physically healthy, mentally alert, emotionally sound, socially competent and ready to learn.
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Development Through the Lifestages Physical, Intellectual, Emotion and Social Development of Pregnancy and 0-3 years old Baby
Second Trimester � At 15 weeks, your baby can make facial expressions and may even suck her/his thumb. � By 17 weeks, an ultrasound should be able to show you the sex of your baby. � By 19 weeks, your baby will be able to hear your voice if you read her a story or sing a song. � Your baby will measure a little over a foot in length and will weigh more than one pound by end of the second trimester. Third Trimester � During the first six weeks of the third trimester, your babies will more than double in size, growing from approximately 1.5 to 3.5 pounds.
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Also they begin to gain communication skills. Development is an on-going process. Emotional- Babies at this age are not unable to communicate so show their emotion by crying or laughter and may use some facial expressions to show how they feel about what's going on around them. As they get older say around two years old they show their emotion by having tantrums. When they reach three they begin to care about the people around them and tend to share toys with them and play with them.
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I think Faseeha will use her fine motor skills really well during this activity. I think Faseeha will be able to hold one or two bags in an adultery fashion. When Faseeha picks a toy that she likes I am going to give her the money to give to the shop keeper, When Faseeha is giving the money I think she will use a good pincer grasp to give it to the shop keeper. I think Faseeha will know be able to use a good palmer grasp, a good tripod grasp and a good pincer grasp.
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There must be a place where babies can sleep and activities for the older children such as singing and dancing and other toys they can play on their own with such as play dough, dolls and toy phones and playhouses. Nursery schools A pre - school group is a child care facility for young children connected to a primary school they provide safe care and activities for children between the ages of 3 - 5 years but they make take children from 2 years.
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Give the baby something to feel, something with a texture, they would play with it. Babies explore things with their mouth. Such as, if the mother gives the baby something to play with they will straightaway put it in their mouth to explore it. New born: startles by loud, sudden noices. One month: respondes to soothing voices if upset Three months: recognise main carer's voice before being touched. Turns to sounds that they recognise e.g bath times. Six months: respondes to his own name and different tones in carer's voice.
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On the other hand communication is not just used for passing on information it can also be used for help reassurance people for example if someone spoke in calm tone of voice it could make someone feel more relaxed but using a loud tone of voice can make some fell angry or upset so in a care home for the elderly the carer will have to use a reassuring tone of voice and place their hand on their shoulder to help re insure them if one of the service user are feeling distressed.
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in a country. Before making or converting any proposal into law it must follow certain procedure which is designed in the Legislation Process and this process may vary from country to country.
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The purpose for this activity is to help children to ride on a bike without pedals and then as they build on with they confidence the to try to ride on a bike with out pedals, awareness of speed, pedaling up hill and down hill experiencing the difference. This activity will help children develop in all the areas of development, which are the P.I.L.E.S. The activity-watching frogspawn is suitable for children aged 5 years, this activity will help the children to learn on growth and how living things develop and change this will help them to discover and develop skills in questioning and reasoning which will help them to lead towards scientific discovery.
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The catch needs to be too difficult to be undone by the baby or a young brother or sister. * Cot bumper This is a foam-padded screen which fits around the sides of a cot. It protects the baby from draughts, and from knocking it's head on the sides. Alternatively, a blanket can be pinned firmly round one or more sides. Safety features: * Cot bumpers are not recommended for children who can sit unaided in case they become entangled in the ribbons * Carry-cot A carry cot makes a suitable first bed. It is useful for the first 6 months until the baby becomes too big and active to be left in it safely.
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It is important that children are learning all the time they are growing; this is so they can learn how to develop key skills within their life. I have heard of three main models of learning, each with a series of practitioners which I will show below wit
the dog already salivated at the food, but due to its conditioning with the bell, it had learned to salivate at the bell.2 Skinner based his work on behaviourism, this was a theory that was popular in the first half of the 20th century and influenced by Pavlov's work. He believed that to behave in certain ways we were learning as you either get a reward or are punished. An example of Skinner's theory would be the giving of stickers to children if they have worked well.
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Finally I will evaluate my work I am going to be collecting these results in the order written above, I am doing it in this order because I think it is the most efficient way of collecting the results from all these sources, I can use the advice I found in my questionnaire/ interview. To do this work I will need books, computer, internet, pen, paper and various other things. Baby Necessities Basic information I found out from the internet and the mum I interviewed.
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Children will need practical opportunities to learn and develop. For instance, a good education is more likely to provide better opportunities in the future. A child's self-image will begin to develop from interactions with other people during this stage. Adolescence Young people develop an increasing level of skill and understanding as they grow towards adulthood. Care needs will include good educational opportunities to develop intellectual and practical needs. Teenagers become independent and start to listen more to their friends than they do parents. This is because they are starting to grow up and are starting to realise that their parents aren't always going to be there.
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For example, when I little boy, the same age as Jessica, told her to be quiet, she got very wound up by this and yelled at him to stop it and told him to be quiet. Sometimes she will get frustrated when she is told to share something and doesn't get her turn quickly enough. From this I have noticed she isn't a very patient girl but can realise when something isn't fair. Physical Descriptions Her hair is wavy and a mousy bland, with a kinky wave effect.
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Visit 5. FAR investigations For this visit I had chosen for Connor to choose a range of different activities to do, from this I will be able to learn more about his different preferences. For this I had prepared a questionnaire for Connor to answer.
Predictions and Expectations I think that Connor will be developing well and that there won't be much difference if any in his development from my last visit. I expect Connor will have chosen a variety of different activities to do with cars, trains, books, telly, colouring, puzzles and building blocks because in my other visits he has said how he likes them things a lot. I can ask him to make something or do something with the items he is playing with and show me what his favourite thing about that activity is and why he likes it which is sometimes the same thing.
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They come from milk, yogurts, cheese and red meat. They are also liquid fats such as oils (vegetable oil, sunflower and olive oil). Protein It is good for linear growth and repair, also for the maintenance and development of cells and helps create antibodies. These also come from animal fats such as meats and eggs, yogurts, Soya milk, cheese and fish. carbohydrates This is a good source for energy. You can get these from starchy food such as breads, cereals, pasta's and potatoes. Sugary foods such as natural sugars which come form fruits.
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Personality Kira is a very lively, confident and energetic child. She has a very bubbly personality, but can be mischievous at times. For example, whilst I was there she threw some blocks across the room. She is happy to talk to people she hardly knows and is rarely shy. She is extremely independent and generally very happy with an ability to amuse herself very easily. Home and local area Kira lives in an extended family with her mum, dad and three older sisters, who are 11, 13 and 15. I believe that she is developing at an accelerated rate due to the interaction from her older sisters.
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When I go to visit Kira later today i am going to watch Kira closely when she is helping me make and decorate mini fairy cakes. I will be observing her physical development to see how her gross and fine motor skills have developed.
The following activities will help me determine this: � washing hands � pouring ingredients into a bowl � beating and stirring the cake mixture � spooning mixtures into cases � decorating cakes � Icing cakes � keeping away from the oven � cleaning up I also aim for Kira to have lots of fun and enjoy the activity, especially as it is something she does not do very often. Expectations I expect that Kira will be excited about the activity.
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