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GCSE: Child Development
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Throughout my essay I am going to study and look at the work of five medical developers - Edward Jenner, James Simpson, Louis Pasteur, Florence Nightingale, Alexander Fleming.
But despite all this Jenners work soon replaced the old methods. In the short term Jenners work was very successful, it mean that many people were saved from almost certain death if they caught smallpox. But in the long term his work lacked the knowledge and the ability to lead to any further understandance in medical development. It has also been discovered that Jenner was by no means the first person to use cowpox as a vaccine against smallpox. He had just merely followed up on previous work and developed it to a further point, so he was more of a developer than an inventor.
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The Parliament holds all the power and responsibility over the local authorities. Each of these local authorities has a social service committee, which have the authority in developing the social acre within their particular area, and each must appoint a director of social services whose department administers the social acre services. The structure of social services is sometimes prearranged into offices depending on which area it is operated from. Below is a diagram of the way in which social services are organised; The organisational structure within the social services hierarchy authority structure has changed over the past few years to enable new roles which had been made compulsory by a new legislation.
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Jessica used to be very wary of strangers but, as she has grown, this phase has passed. Now she readily plays with, and talks to, new people. She offers her toys to be played with and waits to be told 'ta' before she hands them over. This shows a willingness to share and a pleasant personality. ENVIRONMENT. Jessica lives in a 2 bedroomed-terraced house with her mother and their dog. There is a large back yard in which she sometimes plays.
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He also looks after Ellie. Ruth is willing to go into rehabilitation for her drug habit. She has been in rehabilitation before (several years ago) but only managed to stay off drugs for a few months. Carrie thinks that the children should be placed in foster care separately, and that a permanent home should be found for Ellie in the long term. She thinks that Daniel is too old to find a new permanent family, and so there should be some attempt to return him to his mother's care if she can address her drug habit.
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Evaluate the techniques of the NSPCC Full Stop Campaign used to raise the awareness of the issue of child abuse in British Society.
It is important to understand this not with relevence to the statistics but actually to imagining it was your own family or children. * Each week at least one child will die as a result of an adult's cruelty. * A quarter of all rape victims are children. * Most abuse is committed by someone the child knows and trusts. * The abuse is often known about or suspected by another adult who could have done something to prevent it.
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After all, you can do without food for weeks, but you can only do without water for a couple of days! Thirst is a "stronger" need than hunger. Likewise, if you are very very thirsty, but someone has put a choke hold on you and you can't breath, which is more important? The need to breathe, of course. Maslow took this idea and created his now famous hierarchy of needs. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, he laid out five broader layers: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self, in that order.
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Environment Family members Julie and Chris mother and father to the child, she has a twin brother called Cameran born 20 minutes before Alanya. These twins get on great without fighting and arguing with one another to me they care and love one another. If one of them gets hurt the other one goes and helps nurse them. Home They live in a new set of detached houses, which is 6 miles from St Helens town centre and about 1/2 mile from the nearest shop. The estate that they live on has about 60 + houses and is well arranged.
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Consider an activity suitable for a child between 2-3 years of age. List all the materials needed for the activity and the steps by which you would introduce it to the child.
and references in italics, Arial 10 font" > Titles and headings and author references, in Arial 12 bold or bold and underlined, > Source of quotes and references in bold italics Arial 8 Information source Information source The contents or source of information for this assignment is derived from the course material for Module 7 and the references listed in the Bibliography section on page 20. Assignment No: 7a Question: In the light of the discussion of sensitive periods given above, draw an annotated floor plan of an ideal room for a child of two.
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What are the essential qualities of a good Montessori teacher, and why are these essential from the child's point of view?
Introduction Objective The objective of this essay is to define the essential qualities of a good Montessori teacher and explain why these qualities are essential from the child's point of view. Layout of this essay The answer to assignment 13a is structured as follows: > Role of the Montessori Teacher An introduction to the Montessori teacher's role and summarise the essential qualities that she must possess from the child's point of view > Formal Training Describe the qualities attained by formal training and why it is important > Spiritual Preparation Describe the qualities that requires spiritual preparation and why it is important > Conclusion and summary Highlight and summarise the main points of the essay.
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Describe how political ideology influences social policy and suggest how this may affect families with young children. Give examples to explain your answer.
Similarly the Universal model holds that services should be available to everyone as a right. Sweden and Denmark adopt a form of this model. * The Individual Achievement model holds that social welfare is part of the economy, that social need should be met on merit and should reward performance, productivity and effort. Mrs Thatcher (Prime Minister 1979-1990) tended to adopt this view. Compare and contrast the legislative and social policy changes that have taken place over the past fifty years in Britain; identifying differences in political ideology and particular views of the family.
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The prologue appears historically accurate yet the initiation of Act One presents an entirely different mood; the singer causes his story to be perceived as a fairytale. By speaking in verse all realism is taken away and the audience is transported to a fabled world created by the singer. Though not announced, the Acts having titles emphasizes the storybook theme. The play commences with the singer seated on the floor surrounded by a group of listeners (the chorus) in his hand is a book, as he commences his tale he does not read from the book but rather narrates from memory "the manner of his recitation makes it clear that he has told his story over and over again."
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Compare how Fanthorpe and Scannel present the viewpoint and concerns of a child to us in "Half-past Two" and "Hide and Seek"
The word "Time" is also given capital letters, this is significant in that the child recognises that time is important but again does not know why. This infers to us that the child's experience of the world is harsh and very unfair as if only they had more knowledge, something they cannot achieve themselves, then they would have more of an understanding about the world and not commit the "wrongs" they do. Furthermore, we also recognise that the child refers to his teacher as "She" again using capital letters.
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It is also reinforced by the generally simple lexis and syntax, the presence of phonetic effect such as rhyme and alliteration and the fast pace of the story which prevents a young listener losing interest. Carroll never stays with one idea for longer than is necessary; when Alice falls down the rabbit hole the narrator says "Down, down, down.", this is an example of triadism which is often present is children's literature because the repetition focuses the child's concentration and the third repetition gives a pleasanter rhythm however, Carroll also uses it to give the impression of a great distance without being verbose.
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One of the primary being the myths of how easy it is to raise children brings a kind of romanticism to it, and that often misleads girls into feeling they are capable of keeping and sustaining a pregnancy and child. Some girls have the belief that a child would cause her boyfriend to marry her, or a child would bring them closer in a relationship. How much does this affect us? "Four out of ten" girls in the United States will become pregnant before age 20.
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It would be helpful, said the matron, if I could come to see her." "I might have been excused for being slow on the uptake, for quite apart from the general worry and confusion of the situation in which I found myself, I had known the man not as 'Dykes' but simply as Arthur, and I had not really known him very well at that. I put on the best face I could, however, and agreed to call at the following morning".
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A reader desiring a complete run-down of the story so far would be amply provided for in the opening passages of both, 'The Old Nurse's Story' more so than Mr Westall's piece. This is intended to build a scene; the stereotypically babbling old woman recounting the only interesting event of her long life. The details incorporated in the outset of The Call are far more important in gaining an understanding into how the plot is going to develop. We receive a detailed overview of the Samaritans hierarchy and their 'dark haired ghost' Harry Lancaster, who's unerring dedication to the Samaritans movement was as pure as the aims of the organisation itself.
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They would gain social skills and communication. They also gain fine motor skills, which are skill of the hand and fingers. D4: Describe 1 activity or experience in which children might demonstrate each type of play: 1. Pretend play is when they play games like mummies and daddies. This helps them develop social skills. They also develop communication when they talk to each other and explain. 2. Physical play is when children run around and be active. They develop muscle strength and growth. They also develop fitness and stamina. They also gain important social skills for later life. 3. Domestic play is playing washing and ironing etc.
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Walking should not be forced by the parents, walking skills will happen naturally. As children grow, they need to practice the many skills that lead to gross motor control by the age of 2. Outdoor activities that encourage walking, running, jumping, and throwing offer opportunities to improve their balance and co-ordination. The activities chosen are age appropriate otherwise they will get frustrated. By the age of 3, most children get around easily and begin to hop, jump and climb. This is also when the youngsters take interest in riding toys such as a tricycle.
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As people laugh at him at school. P.I.E.S environment Positive- Physical: Physically the environment where John lives is good. He has a great surrounding in the places he lives. He has everything around him so he can walk a few mins and he?ll see every shop. Intellectual: He gets a lot off support so he understands each and everything with clear understandings. Emotional: Emotionally he?s strong as he lives in a posh environment, so it?s fine for him. Social: Socially he has a good interaction with the neighbours in the area he lives in. Most of the kids play outside so he joins them, and plays football.
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NSPCC support families by also supporting them throughout the children/families situation. Private sectors such as nannies and childminders aim to support children by taking care of them, supporting their general well being and providing them with maybe home tutoring so they can help them keep on top of work, they help you with your homework. Nannies and childminders help to support families by helping maintain the child?s well being and generally keeping the child safe. E3 The main legislations concerning the rights of children are: The Children Act 1989,Children Act 2004,Childrens act 2006,The united nations conventions on the rights of the child 1989 ,Human rights act 1998.I have researched some information of the three legislations I find most important.
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The observer is required to try to remain as unnoticed as possible as any interaction with those being observed is likely to have an impact upon the child's behaviour. The observer must try to note down every piece of information as possible such as verbal utterances, facial expressions, head and eye movements and how the child uses objects such as toys or play materials Using this method provides a detailed narrative account of behaviour recorded in a sequential manner as it happens.
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Depending on the female?s body and if the conditions are right, sperm can live up to 3 days within their bodies, the egg is viable for 12-24 hours however it is more likely that the egg is viable to 12 hours. What is Fertilisation? Fertilisation is where a male?s sperm enters the female?s egg, once they have join they create a new cell which is called the embryo which starts to begin to divides in order to make a human being.
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The fertilized egg is attached to the lining of the uterus. Then the internal organs and circulatory system begin to form. At around 5 weeks the fertilised egg is about the size of a seed. Also at this stage it weighs a fraction of a once and its eyes and ears start to look more human. At 10-14 week this is known for entering the fetal state of development. Tissues and organs are rapidly developing, and vital organs are visible, as the skin is transparent.
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(5 Marks). An example of another care setting for a child aged three-five is a toy library. This is within the voluntary care setting. Toy libraries are places were parents and children may go and borrow any toy or other equipment they have. Many toy libraries also have play sessions available. An example of another care setting for a child aged three-five is a toy library. This is within the voluntary care setting, which means that it is provided by an organisation or charity where some or all or the funding comes from donations. Toy libraries are places where parents and children may go and borrow any toy or other equipment they have.
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