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China's history and population policies timeline.

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1.) China's history and population policies timeline 1949 - The communist party obtain firm control in China and the country becomes a communist republic established under Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, calling China the People's Republic. 1950 - During the Korean War, China helps communist North Korea attack capitalist South Korea, but the invasion fails after USA intervention. In addition to this, China's communist regime is recognised by Britain in 1950 and China also forms a treaty of friendship with the USSR. Tibet and Turkistan were occupied by China in 1950 as well. 1951 - The communists conduct mass trials against "counter-revolutionaries" in China. 1953 - China begins its first Five-Year Plan. It was a plan of large economic development. Its aims were to improve industrialisation, collectivisation of agriculture, and political centralisation in China. 1953-57 - Chinese industry grows at a rate of 15% per year. 1958 - Mao Zedong launches the "Great Leap Forward" (mass mobilisation and collectivisation of the farms to increase crop production and steel production. 30 million people starve to death in the next three years). 1959 - Liu Shaoqi replaces Mao Zedong as president. ...read more.


In the 1980s in China the one child policy halved population growth since the 1960s and by the 1990s it had decreased it even further. Some people greatly oppose the one child policy and believe that it is unfair to force people to have the number of children that the government of the county desire. People have also disagreed with the ways that the government tried to implement the policy as they put huge pressures on poor people. Moral Stops more children being born into even greater poverty. The standard of living for people is therefore hugely boosted. Better healthcare, housing, clothing and infrastructure are obtained for most people through the one child policy. People have more space too as the population does not grow as rapidly. It is also argued that the amount of children a couple have should be their choice and not decided by the government. Huge pressures are put on people to make sure they have only one child and in some places women are even forced to have abortions if they have more than one child. It has also encouraged sex selected abortion. 5.) "National governments have a duty and a right to control population growth by any means necessary." ...read more.


A final main disadvantage with the one child strategy is that it is very hard to enforce it in rural areas and this is where a lot of China's population growth occurs. I conclude that overall the one child policy in China has been extremely successful. Although it has some disadvantages, the advantages of the policy greatly outweigh these and China is now a much stronger country both economically and socially. A huge boost to China's economy and a large increase in peoples' standard of living have become the leading consequences of the implementation of the government's strategy. India is an example of a country where very little has been done by the government to try and resolve the country's rapid population growth. As a result India is now growing much faster than China and is showing almost now signs of slowing down. Hence on the whole, the one child plan in China has been enormously beneficial to the country's population, despite many important moral issues. This therefore heavily indicates that national governments have a duty and a right to control population growth by almost any mean necessary, however moral issues must be seriously taken into account in order for population growth control policies to work most efficiently with the least amount of opposition. Iden Ranapour 1 ...read more.

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