• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast Piaget and Vygotsky.

Extracts from this document...


Compare and contrast Piaget and Vygotsky Piaget noticed that when he spoke to children, that children of the same age made similar errors. The errors were predictable, and suggested that children of different ages might be following different logical rules; therefore Piaget could describe development in a stage theory. Stage 1 is the sensorimotor stage and the individual is in this stage until he she reaches about 2 years old. In this stage Piaget suggested that an infant becomes to realize that the object waving in front of their eyes is their own hand. Then they construct sensory information with motor information and construct new schemas. The infant's knowledge is limited to what they can experience through their senses and their attempts to coordinate this new knowledge with what they can do. A crucial development in this stage is that of object permanence; the understanding that objects still exist even when they are not in sight. Stage 2 is called the pre-operational stage and lasts form age 2 to 7. ...read more.


In this stage the children are capable of abstract thought. If children are asked to conduct an experiment, they will use a systematic plan to conduct it. In contrast the concrete operational thinker would not have a plan, but use trial and error in order to come to a conclusion. Vygotsky believed that cultural input was fundamental to development. He suggested that intellect consisted of elementary and higher mental functions. Elementary functions are innate capabilities such as attention and sensation. These will develop to an extent through experience, but cultural influences are required to transform them to higher mental functions. When Vygotsky referred to culture, he meant the vast body of knowledge, which is held by books and "experts" and he thought this knowledge is largely conveyed through language. Therefore adults can teach the basics that are learnt at early ages, as they are "experts" compared to the child, who has limited knowledge. As a result Vygotsky emphasised contact time with adults is important for a child's development. Vygotsky put forward four stages of development. ...read more.


Piaget and Vygotsky's work have similarities; both believe that a child is born with innate capabilities, and both think one of them is sensory. There are four stages in each model, but these stages have few similarities. In stage one trial and error is a concept used in both to describe the child's efforts for tasks. However the models then differ in their views. Piaget's ideas are based on experiments, which determined what stage the child is at, and the stages are determined by innate, maturational changes. Although the ages differ at when different stages are reached, the sequence does not change and the cognitive operations and structures defining a stage should form an integrated whole. Whereas Vygotsky emphasised the notion that cognitive development depends largely on social factors. Vygotsky believed that "any function in the child's development appears twice, or on two planes. First it appears on the social plane, and then it appears on the psychological plane. The child can be thought of, as an apprentice, learning from social interaction from adults and older children, who have acquired more knowledge than themselves. This approach is very different from Piaget's, where the emphasis is on the child learning from self-discovery. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky

    4 star(s)

    allows the child to begin developing new intellectual abilities. Some symbolic (language) abilities are developed at the end of this stage. Pre-operational Stage (Toddler and Early Childhood) - in this period (which has two sub-stages), intelligence is demonstrated through the use of symbols, language use matures, and memory and imagination are developed, but thinking is done in a non-logical, non-reversible manner.

  2. The main aim of this paper is to compare and contrast parental rights and ...

    of every parent to have access to his child, in certain exceptional cases such as those in the current case, the court may order that access be discontinued, although the parent was not in any way unfit person to have access to the child.

  1. Health and Social care

    It involves a lot of learning activities mainly through play. This is done in order to encourage children to continue with intellectual and physical development as well as learning new skills and adapting to the nursery environment. The children are cared for by a qualified, caring and experienced team operating on a ratio of 1:3.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    Mary has a very protective relationship with john, he is in a very protective relationship with his family and his family ensure they meet all of his emotional needs by showing their constant love toward him. Johns social needs are met by all members of his family, he is socialised

  1. Health Improvement Plan

    Overall your diet should have 47 % carbohydrates present as a minimum of your total daily calories, the maximum amount of carbohydrates should be from starch (around 40 %), the remaining 7-10 % should ideally be made up of simple sugars.

  2. Types of children's behaviour and strategies to deal with these

    Distress- Everybody displays distressed behaviour at some point. "Distress may result from many events, ranging from what may seem fairly small things to major, life-changing events...Distress involves a change in the behaviour of a child." (Tassoni, P. et Al. 1999.

  1. An experiment to find out object permanence in babies.

    It is cross sectional because I would be taking sample participants from different age groups. This is preferable to a longitudinal study because it enables the study to be completed within the time allocated for the coursework. It is a controlled observation because I would be observing the participants in

  2. Development through the life stages

    The skin dries and becomes less flexible. Hair loss becomes obvious in both genders. There is also decreased sensitivity in all of the sensory modalities, including, taste, touch, hearing and vision. Its secondary aging ? unhealthy behaviours such as smoking, obesity or drug use ? in combination with primary aging that causes the illnesses that typically affect older adults, it mainly affect later adulthood.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work