• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate Piaget's notion that play is a central component of psychological intellectual development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically evaluate Piaget's notion that play is a central component of psychological intellectual development. Piaget regarded intelligence as a process, something that evolves over time; it is also a fundamental means by which human beings adapt to their environment. The process essentially involves the individual trying to construct an understanding of reality through interacting with it. It consists "neither of a simple copy of external objects nor of a mere unfolding of structures performed inside the subject, but rather a set of structures progressively constructed by continuous interaction between the subject and the external world. (Piaget 1970) These structures develop in a predictable fashion and can be summarised as four stages that all children pass through in sequence. Piaget had four stages of cognitive development. His first stage was the Sensorimotor stage. This is from 0-2 years of age. Intelligence at this stage is practical and there is a lack of object permanence, i.e. if a child cannot hear, see or touch an object it is not there. This child is egocentric; it only sees the world from its own point of view and no one else's. His second stage is the Pre-operational stage. This is from 2-7 years of age. ...read more.

Middle

They used infra red light to see the child. Piaget observed speech in children in a kinder-garten class and this reinforced his view on Egocentrism. He found that children are literally self-centred and only see the world from their own point of view. He also found that children use collective monologue, have one sided conversations and talk about themselves. Piaget used three mountains to demonstrate egocentrism. The three mountains were of different colours and one had snow on the top, one had a house and the other a cross. The children walked around the mountain and then sat down. A doll was placed somewhere in the mountains and the children were shown ten views of the mountains and asked to choose the one that represented how the doll saw it. Only seven to eight year olds got it correct. Piaget stated that children below this age are Egocentric. Many have disputed Piaget's conclusion. Bourke (75) put the mountain on a turntable and use a doll from Sesame Street. She found that even three and four year olds could solve the task. Hughes (84) also copied Piaget's experiment. He criticised Piaget saying that if the task had been more practical the children could have completed it. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is disputed, as even adults are not all able to this. Adults are still able to be egocentric. Not all cultures require logic and not every one is able to use logic. In conclusion Piaget's theory attempted to explain how children move from being irrational and illogical to rational and logical. Much of the evidence that Piaget used is flawed. He used the clinical method, which involved discussing the task with the child in an unstandardised and unscientific way. A problem with this method is that it makes demands on a child's ability to communicate and as a result Piaget underestimated the cognitive abilities of children. He also kept no figures of his experiments and there is no record of the number of children used, their ages or there gender. Piaget's stages imply a degree of consistency and thought across a range of different areas but some inconsistency is to be expected. The rate of progress through the stages will vary from child to child due to differences in environmental stimulation. Piaget provided a detailed description of the changes in cognitive development. He described how children think but did not explain why or how. Brainerd (78) said, "This is nothing more than an elaborate description of what we already know". However Piaget's concepts are used in all schools today and his approach has given rise to much research and he is one of the most significant theorists on cognitive development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    I also made room so that she could run in and out of them when I asked her to. Firstly I asked Hilary to climb over the chair and then to jump onto the pillow, she pushed her self up onto the chair and then jumped onto the pillow from the chair.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    different ways, for example in families were there is only one child they feel they are the most important and don't compete for love or affection however they don't know how to act around other children and as a result they are isolated but this is nothing new for them as they are use to it from their own home.

  1. Child development

    Cravings during pregnancy can be a major problem with trying to have a healthy diet and maintain a good weight. Assessing the growth of the baby. You can keep a check on if the baby is developing correctly. It gives the parents recurrence.

  2. Child Psychology

    If someone was found to be associated with the devil, they were killed; showing that psychology has come a long way since. The 1500s-1700s was the birth of modern science. The ideas of Copernicus and Sir Isaac Newton led to the modern psychology of the 1800s.

  1. Childrens Play. Cache unit 4

    that each stage is built on the knowledge and experience of the one before and it was throughout play that children gained an understanding of their world (Tassoni P.153, 2007) For example, at first a child of 2 years attempts to ride a tricycle and gains experience, later when he/she

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    According to a comprehensive textbook for gcse by Brennand Hall it is normal was a child of 15 months to be shy when they see strangers. Possible activities for next visit For my next visit I have decided to visit aroush, and maybe take her out somewhere.

  1. Cach L2 unit 4. Childrens Play

    - In the Pre- school setting, a dough cutting task could be a challenge because the child may not have the equipment that they want to use; this could be a risk because they could cut themselves. If they cut themselves they could cut themselves deep and need to go

  2. Cache L2 unit 2. Social Development of Children

    Diversity is reflected in many ways including... Beliefs - All different children have different believes and have to follow different procedures that are totally different and to each religion their beliefs are very important and has to be followed correctly. Beliefs are very important to people because it reflects the way we see the world and the opinions we have about what happening to us.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work