• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate Piaget's notion that play is a central component of psychological intellectual development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically evaluate Piaget's notion that play is a central component of psychological intellectual development. Piaget regarded intelligence as a process, something that evolves over time; it is also a fundamental means by which human beings adapt to their environment. The process essentially involves the individual trying to construct an understanding of reality through interacting with it. It consists "neither of a simple copy of external objects nor of a mere unfolding of structures performed inside the subject, but rather a set of structures progressively constructed by continuous interaction between the subject and the external world. (Piaget 1970) These structures develop in a predictable fashion and can be summarised as four stages that all children pass through in sequence. Piaget had four stages of cognitive development. His first stage was the Sensorimotor stage. This is from 0-2 years of age. Intelligence at this stage is practical and there is a lack of object permanence, i.e. if a child cannot hear, see or touch an object it is not there. This child is egocentric; it only sees the world from its own point of view and no one else's. His second stage is the Pre-operational stage. This is from 2-7 years of age. ...read more.

Middle

They used infra red light to see the child. Piaget observed speech in children in a kinder-garten class and this reinforced his view on Egocentrism. He found that children are literally self-centred and only see the world from their own point of view. He also found that children use collective monologue, have one sided conversations and talk about themselves. Piaget used three mountains to demonstrate egocentrism. The three mountains were of different colours and one had snow on the top, one had a house and the other a cross. The children walked around the mountain and then sat down. A doll was placed somewhere in the mountains and the children were shown ten views of the mountains and asked to choose the one that represented how the doll saw it. Only seven to eight year olds got it correct. Piaget stated that children below this age are Egocentric. Many have disputed Piaget's conclusion. Bourke (75) put the mountain on a turntable and use a doll from Sesame Street. She found that even three and four year olds could solve the task. Hughes (84) also copied Piaget's experiment. He criticised Piaget saying that if the task had been more practical the children could have completed it. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is disputed, as even adults are not all able to this. Adults are still able to be egocentric. Not all cultures require logic and not every one is able to use logic. In conclusion Piaget's theory attempted to explain how children move from being irrational and illogical to rational and logical. Much of the evidence that Piaget used is flawed. He used the clinical method, which involved discussing the task with the child in an unstandardised and unscientific way. A problem with this method is that it makes demands on a child's ability to communicate and as a result Piaget underestimated the cognitive abilities of children. He also kept no figures of his experiments and there is no record of the number of children used, their ages or there gender. Piaget's stages imply a degree of consistency and thought across a range of different areas but some inconsistency is to be expected. The rate of progress through the stages will vary from child to child due to differences in environmental stimulation. Piaget provided a detailed description of the changes in cognitive development. He described how children think but did not explain why or how. Brainerd (78) said, "This is nothing more than an elaborate description of what we already know". However Piaget's concepts are used in all schools today and his approach has given rise to much research and he is one of the most significant theorists on cognitive development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    Hilary did enjoy this activity because she enjoys colouring in and she concentrated on colouring for around 10 minutes. Hilary done 3 different leaf printings with 3 different leaves. I wanted to see how Hilary climbed over or under obstacles so I set out an obstacle course in her front room because the weather out side was not good enough.

  2. Child development

    If so please state. 10. Would you recommend antenatal care? If so why? Analysis of the Questionnaires I took I am analysing this data by using a graphs to represent what information I have found whilst doing the questionnaires. Below are the graphs, you can now see what information I gathered.

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    also been proven that if you are brought up in a lone parent family then your children are likely to become lone parents them selves. Other effects this can have on the family include more cohabitation instead of marrying couples are living together and when they get bored they just

  2. Settings in which children's play takes place.

    He says each stage helps build on the knowledge and experience. Children also gain an understanding of their world. Jean Piaget done his theory's on his own children. Jean Piaget theories were mainly on cognitive development. 'This theory suggests that learning and cognitive development is a process and children need to pass through different stages.

  1. Childrens Play. Cache unit 4

    that each stage is built on the knowledge and experience of the one before and it was throughout play that children gained an understanding of their world (Tassoni P.153, 2007) For example, at first a child of 2 years attempts to ride a tricycle and gains experience, later when he/she

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    Intellectual development Aroush is able to say many new words now than she could before. Aroush?s mum said that is able to say about 10 words. According to http://www.thenewparentsguide.com/baby-development-month-16to18.htm a child of 16 months should be able to say about 10-15 words.

  1. Development through the life stages

    In most cases, primary aging alone will not cause organ failure. Bone mass diminishes, especially among women, leading to bone density disorders such as arthritis. Muscles become weaker unless exercise programs are followed. The skin dries and becomes less flexible.

  2. Cach L2 unit 4. Childrens Play

    Activities that promote diversity: 1. Create a multicultural banquet. This shows children that there are many different cultures which have different foods to eat and it is good to expose children to them. 2. Make a poster of people hands in the different skin tones.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work