• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically Evaluate the Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Social Policy Essay Irene McDonald Thursday Class 10-12 Tutor: Peter Kennedy SOCS216 Critically Evaluate the Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children INTRODUCTION Children in the United Kingdom are key consumers of social policy. They consume a vast amount of the many services provided by this Country. Services such as health care through Doctors, hospitals and clinics, the education system which is largely devoted financially to the schooling of young people, and also the social security system which is stretched by children whose parents are in need of income support or family tax credit. (Alcock, Erskine & May, 2002) All of these services contribute to the well-being of the young people of this Country. However, increasing amounts of the Country's budget and social policies are dedicated to another, perhaps more important service for children, that is the Children's welfare services. These services are put in place to work in accordance with The Children Act 1989. (Cooper, 1993) This piece of legislation was provided by the government so that all children residing in the U.K. are cared for, loved and protected. However, some children slip through this net, which is in position to protect them, and this can result in a child's life being put at risk of harm, cruelty or even death. ...read more.

Middle

The focus for welfare services is to assist children who are troubled or in need of care and protection. Occasionally, welfare departments have to provide children with substitute care either in children's homes, foster homes or through adoption. There are a variety of reasons, including abuse or neglect which welfare services deem serious enough to choose providing alternative care for a child. However, assessing if a child is at risk from harm is not as straight forward as it would seem. Many highly publicised cases in the past, such as the tragic death of Victoria Climbie bear testament to this. In short, this child was seen by twelve different welfare service departments, yet "gaps in the legislative framework and its implementation" let this child down tragically. (Laming, 2003, 4.180 - 4.183) Responsibility, according to Laming, (2003) rests with managers and members of the organisations concerned, who ultimately had a responsibility to ensure that their services were properly financed, staffed and above all efficiently delivered. Recommendations were subsequently made in the Laming report, (2003) for a new National Agency for Children. This, according to the report, would serve to link all agencies to a minister of "Cabinet rank" who would be responsible for ensuring that policies, legislation and individual departmental plans, affecting families and children, were properly financed, considered and co-ordinated. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was then argued that this proposal would be beneficial to the children of this Country, but it would be further enhanced if local area agencies, working under the National framework, were operational. Following from this a further example of child cruelty contributing to change in social policy was described. The case of Kennedy McFarlane was used to highlight lack of communication between groups, with special reference to the definitions used about the extent of her injuries. Recommendations from Dr Hammond's report on this case, included a self assessment of the way in which any agency, defined and identified "abuse". It was argued from this, that different people's perception of certain words or physical injury may not be as sever as the next person's. It was then proposed that exact checklists are a constructive step forward, enhanced by computer software which would, eradicate human error. In conclusion, it must be noted that these inquiries and reports have made positive headway in helping to eradicate child cruelty, however, it can never be overcome 100%, as human judgement is sometimes unreliable. Finally, it should be noted that, the object of enquiries such as these is not to apportion blame, but to learn lessons which will help protect children from abuse and neglect in the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Child development - Study of a child

    She uses her imagination a lot of the things she does. She co operates well with people but can be a little bit aggressive at times when she doesn't always get her own way. She is a pleasant child and likes to talk to everyone and likes to play with all different people.

  2. Describe how political ideology influences social policy and suggest how this may affect families ...

    This restricted opportunities for such families and reduced choices, especially for single parent families and families on low income. The political ideology of the conservatives was market liberal theory also referred to as neo liberalism that was based on the principle of individual rights and freedom of the individual.

  1. Protecting children-A Good Practice Guide. Child Protection ...

    At this point the decision is made as to whether or not the child should be put on the child protection register and what action if any is necessary. Most children on the child protection register remain living with their parents and it is viewed largely as a precautionary measure.

  2. How does Heaney explore cruelty, pain and neglect in 'Limbo' and 'Bye-Child'?

    The memory is on the, "floor" of their minds; the terrible story has been digested by the reader, but then discarded and forgotten. This again shows the neglect of the child, not through the mother, but through society, they know about such situations, but do not take any actions towards helping the situation.

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    way the facts state that family structures are changing Describe the structure of two different families real or fictional. The first family consists of four members a typical nuclear family, John aged 2, Mary aged 14, and also the mother Ruth and father Joe aged 36 and 40.

  2. The main aim of this paper is to compare and contrast parental rights and ...

    These days, especially in the urban areas, where virilocal residence is predominant, there is an increasing tendency to allow a father to exercise the natural rights of a parent over his children. However, the customary law in the matrilineal system of law is still the same.

  1. Health and Social care

    Empowering and respecting clients is also very important, as a strong emotional bond needs to from between client and care worker. Without this bond, the client would feel very demoralized and may also feel they are not getting the support they need for their individual needs.

  2. the human lifespan

    The process of growth that happens in this life stages is called puberty. This progress results in a lot of physical growth. The adolescent is no longer a child, but they haven't reached adulthood yet Physical Development In boys caused by the hormone called testosterone which is produced by testes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work