• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17

Definition & Causes - Cerebral Palsy.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Definition & Causes Cerebral Palsy is a condition that affects thousands of infants each year. Though not contagious it does seem to be a mild epidemic. The condition is a paralysis of the brain, causing limited movement, speaking ability, or muscle control for the afflicted child. In most cases the brain is unable to relay the information required for movement. A permanent brain injury that occurs before, during or shortly after birth. Though once the injury has occurred it will not progress to a worse state. Unfortunately there currently isn't any form of cure though treatments will be covered later on. Some of the most prominent causes for CP are infections during pregnancy such as, rubella (a form of measles), and Cytomegalovirus (a herpes virus that causes cellular enlargement) causing damage to the developing nervous system. Also an untreated case of jaundice (yellowish pigment of the skin, tissues, and body fluids caused by the presence of excess bile), other situations leading to jaundice and the jeopardy of your child are, Rhincompatibility, along with kidney or urinary tract infections. You also have the possibility of negligence on the mothers' part if the cause can be linked to toxicity (the use of drugs or alcohol during pregnancy). We also have the possibility of CP occurrence due to the mother suffering a stroke, or the fetus not receiving enough oxygen at the time of birth (which is a major reason for lamaze breathing techniques during birth). (cpf) Types CP has three categories of affliction, Ataxic CP occurs when the muscles are too weak. Children will be shaky, unsteady and have poor balance, approximately 10% of CP suffers have this form. ...read more.

Middle

Another problem may appear in the lack of muscle tone by which even if a child did recognize the need they wouldn't have the ability to produce enough pressure needed to help with elimination. (Geralis p71-71) Treatments Although cerebral palsy is incurable there are steps a patient can take to make the situation more productive. While each case is different there are several possible members to each treatment team, such as your basic physician or team captain, an individual trained in treatments for developmentally challenged youths. He will point you in the right direction. Often to an orthopedist, a doctor specializing in bone, muscle and tissue issues, this will also work hand in hand with a physical therapist. Another option a family has is with a speech-language therapist, who helps a child learn to speak more clearly. A patient may also need the added guidance from a psychologist or social worker to help a family get in touch with community resources, or to help them coup with the unique situation. (cpf) Physical and Behavioral Therapy Therapy, whether for movement, speech, or practical tasks, is an integral part of cerebral palsy treatment. The skills a 2-year-old needs to explore the world are very different from those of a child, teen or adult, and therapy should be tailored to reflect these changing demands. Physical therapy usually begins in the first few years of life. These programs use specific sets of exercises to work toward two important goals: Preventing the deterioration of muscles that can happen from lack of use and avoiding contracture, in which muscles become fixed in a rigid, abnormal position. A third goal of some physical therapy programs is to improve the child's motor development. ...read more.

Conclusion

He started to sign his initials C.B., then moved on to his name and gradually began to write. He also found and developed a talent for painting, again using his left foot and when he was 12 years old won a Sunday Independent children's painting competition. (Brown) His autobiography, My Left Foot was later expanded into the novel Down All The Days, and became an international best seller, being translated into fourteen languages. There followed other novels including A Shadow on Summer. He also published a number of poetry collections including Come Softly to My Wake, published in America as Poems of Christy Brown; Background Music: Poems; Of Snails And Skylarks; and Wild Grow the Lilies. He settled with his wife Mary Carr, in Ballyheigue, Co Kerry, and also in Parbrook, Somerset, UK, where he died in 1981. (Brown) Dan Keplinger Dan was born on January 19, 1973 in Baltimore, Maryland. He was born with cerebral palsy. At the age of 18 months, he enrolled in Delray School run by United Cerebral Palsy of Central Maryland. It was here that he began his education and therapies. When he turned 6, he enrolled at Ridge; a level five special education school. At age 16 Dan began attending Parkville high where he was completely main- streamed by his sophomore year. Dan graduated from Parkville in 1993 and went to Towson University the following fall. He graduated in May of 1998 with a B.S. in Mass Communications. He returned to Towson in the fall of 2000 for a second B.S. in Art. Through school Dan participated in many Art Department shows. In addition, his work was shown all across Maryland sponsored by Very Special Arts. In 1993 he was a featured artist in a show at the University of Boston, and he had his first solo show in May 2000. (Keplinger) ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    Also T.V. plays a small part in fulfilling her intellectual needs but however this is only a small majority of TV, she loves to watch documentaries but like to watch her soaps as well, the majority of the time she watches it for inspiration for her own stories bring both real life and fictional characters into her books.

  2. Free essay

    The Caucasian Chalk Circle-Plot/subplot

    She is exhausted and his wife is not happy with Grusha staying there and believes the child is Grusha's, born out of wedlock.

  1. Compare the use of fantasy in 'The Poor Relation's Story' and 'Superman and Paula ...

    Michael comes downstairs the next morning; "shivering in the cold December air", which was; "colder in my uncle's unwarmed house than in the street", and approaches the long, large breakfast room with a small fire. The room has a large bay window and it has raindrop marks from the previous nights downpour.

  2. The Emotionally Intelligent Team

    Paul Ekman, researcher at the Medical school UC San Francisco, has conducted research on expression of emotion in faces. Ekman found writings of Duchenne, a contemporary of Darwin and one of the first researchers of neurophysiology and relating it to psychology.

  1. An analysis of language features present in

    However, through Alice's recitals of her lessons the reader is made aware that she has already begun on the journey which will narrow her imagination. Alice does despair that she can't remember her lessons on several occasions however, the nonsensical poems she recites still retain the essence of the original.

  2. Adolescent Pregnancy

    (CMEC) There is a myth that more sex education in schools would promote sexual activity, but all the literature supports the complete opposite claim, that it would actually decrease the amount of pregnant adolescents. Risk factors for girls? There is a 'myth' that if your mother was a single mother then

  1. DISCUSS HOW ONE CHILDHOOD CONDITION AFFECTS THE NORMAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD ...

    When the beta cells have been destroyed for one reason or another diabetes results (www.diabetes.org.uk). 'The most likely cause is abnormal reaction of the body to the cells' (www.diabetes.org.uk), which 'may be triggered by a viral or other infection' (www.diabetes.org.uk).

  2. Examining the advantages of creative activities to the client.

    Act 1974 As a place of work the premises must comply with the Health & Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 General duties of every employer cover: * Provision and maintenance of safe equipment and systems of work * Maintenance of the place of work in a safe condition *

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work