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Describe in your own words: a) The biomedical model of health b) The socio-medical model of health

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Introduction

1) Describe in your own words: a) The biomedical model of health b) The socio-medical model of health The biomedical model of health The biomedical model of health is the predominant model which is used by physicians in diagnosing diseases since the mid-nineteenth century. The biomedical model states the any individual who has no disease, pain or defect is considered as 'healthy'. This approach focuses on the physical processes such as biochemistry, pathology and the physiology of the disease. On the other hand this model is not concerned with the role of social factors or individual subjectivity. The biomedical model ignores that the fact that the diagnosis is the result of negotiation between the patient and the doctor. This model is where one can look at the body systems that might work together in order for the body to function well. The biomedical model looks at the body as a machine and when a part of the body isn't functioning properly it must be fixed in order to continue functioning properly. ...read more.

Middle

If one doesn't receive the necessary treatment because he or she cannot afford medicine than one's health will get worst. In some cases without treatment one can heal by resting, but it is most likely that an individual living in poverty will continue working although he or she is sick. Poor housing Poor housing can lead an individual to become ill. Poor housing conditions such as unsanitary water and cold and damp conditions in the home can worsen symptoms and diseases such as respiratory and cardiovascular disease, asthma and arthritis. Poor housing can be a result of poverty because maybe the home owners cannot afford to repair their house ( Anon, 2010). Diet Diet can affect the health and well-being of an individual. Studies have shown that healthy foods can reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer and other illnesses. A balanced diet can help an individual maintain a healthy weight. Obese or overweight individuals are more at risk from several conditions such as heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and some types of cancer. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example medication to control Diabetes type 2. 2) Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the biomedical and socio-medical models of health. (D1) The socio medical model The strengths of the socio medical model are that: * it encourages individuals to live healthy lifestyles * it looks at the cause of the illness * it tries to change the factor that causes illness to prevent the illness to happen again. The weaknesses of the socio medical model are that: * it takes time to identify factors that affect the illness * and it takes time to identify a prevention in order to stop an illness or disease from happening again The bio-medical model The strengths of the bio-medical model are that: * It takes account of the health needs of the individual * Illnesses can be diagnosed by a health professional * This model look at the individual and do not take account of why illness is happening to a group of people The weaknesses of the bio-medical model are that: * It lies in its failure to fully involve psychosocial factors which have proven to be powerful co- factors of disease in modern society. ...read more.

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