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Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs

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Introduction

´╗┐Mary Daphne Mondejar Unit 26 P1 Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs There are quite a few reasons why individuals require additional needs it may be Genetic conditions, physical and learning disabilities, developmental conditions, environmental factors, accident, acquired illness. Some of the people may be born that require additional needs or there is some genetic illness that will develop in time. These additional needs of the person may be for temporary or for a lifetime. 1. Physical and learning disabilities 1. physical disabilities such as blindness, deafness, and mobility and orthopedic impairment. Compensation for physically disable people are available for those who are eligible. People with short-term injuries (e.g. broken bones), amputated or immobilized limbs, heart defects, pulmonary disease, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and respiratory disorders qualify for such benefits. Learning Disabilities refers to a group of mental disorders that hinder academic and functional skills such as speaking, listening, reading and writing, among many others. ...read more.

Middle

Developmental disorders include psychological and physical disorders, for example autism or dyslexia. Developmental disorders are impairment in the normal development of motor or cognitive skills that are developed before age 22. They are usually expected to continue indefinitely, and there usually is no cure 1. Accident 1. unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which may have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. P2 describe models of disability and how these may impact upon individuals Medical model Social model 1. Disabled person is the problem 1. Control lies firmly with the professionals 1. Under the medical model, disabled people are defined by their illness or medical condition. They are disempowered: medical diagnoses are used to regulate and control access to social benefits, housing, education, leisure and employment. 1. The medical model promotes the view of a disabled person as dependent and needing to be cured or cared for, and it justifies the way in which disabled people have been systematically excluded from society. ...read more.

Conclusion

The removal of discrimination requires a change of approach and thinking in the way in which society is organised. 1. The social model takes account of disabled people as part of our economic, environmental and cultural society. The barriers that prevent any individual playing a part in society are the problem, not the individual. Barriers still exist in education, information and communication systems, working environments, health and social support services, transport, housing, public buildings and amenities. The devaluing of disabled people through negative images in the media ? films, television and newspapers ? also act as a barrier. 1. The social model has been developed with the aim of removing barriers so that disabled people have the same opportunity as everyone else to determine their own life styles. 1. The social model of disability has fundamentally changed the way in which disability is regarded and has had a major impact on anti-discriminatory legislation. However, some disabled people and academics are involved in a re-evaluation of the social model and they argue that the time has come to move beyond this basic position. Reference: http://www.open.ac.uk/inclusiveteaching/pages/understanding-and-awareness/models-of-disability.php http://www.wikipedia.org/ ...read more.

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This is a very interesting and knowledgeable piece of work. The writer has clearly meet the aims of the report. It is easy to read and understand and the information presented is clear and in most cases detailed. To improve this it would be useful to add quotes and references where needed and to also mention about Laws and Legislation as this is an integral part of meeting needs of the individual. ****

Marked by teacher Michelle Turrell 26/06/2013

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