• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Mary Daphne Mondejar Unit 26 P1 Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs There are quite a few reasons why individuals require additional needs it may be Genetic conditions, physical and learning disabilities, developmental conditions, environmental factors, accident, acquired illness. Some of the people may be born that require additional needs or there is some genetic illness that will develop in time. These additional needs of the person may be for temporary or for a lifetime. 1. Physical and learning disabilities 1. physical disabilities such as blindness, deafness, and mobility and orthopedic impairment. Compensation for physically disable people are available for those who are eligible. People with short-term injuries (e.g. broken bones), amputated or immobilized limbs, heart defects, pulmonary disease, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and respiratory disorders qualify for such benefits. Learning Disabilities refers to a group of mental disorders that hinder academic and functional skills such as speaking, listening, reading and writing, among many others. ...read more.

Middle

Developmental disorders include psychological and physical disorders, for example autism or dyslexia. Developmental disorders are impairment in the normal development of motor or cognitive skills that are developed before age 22. They are usually expected to continue indefinitely, and there usually is no cure 1. Accident 1. unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which may have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. P2 describe models of disability and how these may impact upon individuals Medical model Social model 1. Disabled person is the problem 1. Control lies firmly with the professionals 1. Under the medical model, disabled people are defined by their illness or medical condition. They are disempowered: medical diagnoses are used to regulate and control access to social benefits, housing, education, leisure and employment. 1. The medical model promotes the view of a disabled person as dependent and needing to be cured or cared for, and it justifies the way in which disabled people have been systematically excluded from society. ...read more.

Conclusion

The removal of discrimination requires a change of approach and thinking in the way in which society is organised. 1. The social model takes account of disabled people as part of our economic, environmental and cultural society. The barriers that prevent any individual playing a part in society are the problem, not the individual. Barriers still exist in education, information and communication systems, working environments, health and social support services, transport, housing, public buildings and amenities. The devaluing of disabled people through negative images in the media ? films, television and newspapers ? also act as a barrier. 1. The social model has been developed with the aim of removing barriers so that disabled people have the same opportunity as everyone else to determine their own life styles. 1. The social model of disability has fundamentally changed the way in which disability is regarded and has had a major impact on anti-discriminatory legislation. However, some disabled people and academics are involved in a re-evaluation of the social model and they argue that the time has come to move beyond this basic position. Reference: http://www.open.ac.uk/inclusiveteaching/pages/understanding-and-awareness/models-of-disability.php http://www.wikipedia.org/ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Health and Social Care section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a very interesting and knowledgeable piece of work. The writer has clearly meet the aims of the report. It is easy to read and understand and the information presented is clear and in most cases detailed. To improve this it would be useful to add quotes and references where needed and to also mention about Laws and Legislation as this is an integral part of meeting needs of the individual. ****

Marked by teacher Michelle Turrell 26/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Health and Social Care essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The care needs of people at different stages of life.

    4 star(s)

    Care workers must ensure that they value ethnicity, religion and social group of individuals whom they are working with. If this diversity of a person is not valued, then the individual has low self- esteem. Active support Individuals require constant physical an emotional support.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Positive and Negative Influences on Individuals at Different Life Stages.

    4 star(s)

    Socio-economic factor There are many different socio-economic factors that can affect how a person develops. They can be a positive or negative effect. * Education * Discrimination * Access to services * Culture * Gender * Peer pressure * Family and friends * Environment * Housing * Expenditure * Income * Media Income and expenditure.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Individual Needs in Health & Social Care

    3 star(s)

    want to be able to finish strong at the end of a 26-mile race if you are a marathon runner. Those three activities illustrate three major factors in muscle performance: 1. strength 1. power 2. endurance 1. Sexual practice: A sexual relationship is an intimate physical relationship between two people which can help to keep an individual healthy and happy.

  2. Describe the overall structure of health services provisions in the UK

    Their aim is to overcome professional barriers, reduce duplications, and improve all services. The common assessment frame work is to share information across services such as schools, social workers, doctors, community nurses and any other service the chid may use and make sure they are all aware of what is being done to the child to help them.

  1. Discuss the care strategies that can be used to support individuals with each of ...

    Statutory care Statutory care is care that is required by law and is governed by legislation. Statutory care includes things like the dentist, primary care trusts and care given at the hospitals. Non statutory care Non statutory care is a type of care that is run by the private and voluntary sector.

  2. Justify responses where child maltreatment or abuse is suspected or confirmed, referring to current ...

    For example in a hospital if a child tells a nurse about being abused the nurse needs to tell her supervisor and cannot deal with the situation herself as it could put the child in further risk and also put herself in risk as well.

  1. CARE NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS AT DIFFERENT LIFE STAGES

    Off cause they will advise him to use condom. Sharon is 52, and she is a mother of 3. She belongs in the adulthood life stage. Sharon is demonstrating the first signs of menopause. Menopause is defines as the end of the last menstrual period.

  2. P4: Explain potential differences in care needs of individuals at different life stages

    Too much fat in the diet during adulthood would not advised and health professionals such as GPs, nurses and dieticians would be advising against diets that are high in saturated fats as this could lead to circulatory problems, heart disease and stroke.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work