• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Mary Daphne Mondejar Unit 26 P1 Describe reasons why individuals may experience additional needs There are quite a few reasons why individuals require additional needs it may be Genetic conditions, physical and learning disabilities, developmental conditions, environmental factors, accident, acquired illness. Some of the people may be born that require additional needs or there is some genetic illness that will develop in time. These additional needs of the person may be for temporary or for a lifetime. 1. Physical and learning disabilities 1. physical disabilities such as blindness, deafness, and mobility and orthopedic impairment. Compensation for physically disable people are available for those who are eligible. People with short-term injuries (e.g. broken bones), amputated or immobilized limbs, heart defects, pulmonary disease, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and respiratory disorders qualify for such benefits. Learning Disabilities refers to a group of mental disorders that hinder academic and functional skills such as speaking, listening, reading and writing, among many others. ...read more.


Developmental disorders include psychological and physical disorders, for example autism or dyslexia. Developmental disorders are impairment in the normal development of motor or cognitive skills that are developed before age 22. They are usually expected to continue indefinitely, and there usually is no cure 1. Accident 1. unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which may have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence. P2 describe models of disability and how these may impact upon individuals Medical model Social model 1. Disabled person is the problem 1. Control lies firmly with the professionals 1. Under the medical model, disabled people are defined by their illness or medical condition. They are disempowered: medical diagnoses are used to regulate and control access to social benefits, housing, education, leisure and employment. 1. The medical model promotes the view of a disabled person as dependent and needing to be cured or cared for, and it justifies the way in which disabled people have been systematically excluded from society. ...read more.


The removal of discrimination requires a change of approach and thinking in the way in which society is organised. 1. The social model takes account of disabled people as part of our economic, environmental and cultural society. The barriers that prevent any individual playing a part in society are the problem, not the individual. Barriers still exist in education, information and communication systems, working environments, health and social support services, transport, housing, public buildings and amenities. The devaluing of disabled people through negative images in the media ? films, television and newspapers ? also act as a barrier. 1. The social model has been developed with the aim of removing barriers so that disabled people have the same opportunity as everyone else to determine their own life styles. 1. The social model of disability has fundamentally changed the way in which disability is regarded and has had a major impact on anti-discriminatory legislation. However, some disabled people and academics are involved in a re-evaluation of the social model and they argue that the time has come to move beyond this basic position. Reference: http://www.open.ac.uk/inclusiveteaching/pages/understanding-and-awareness/models-of-disability.php http://www.wikipedia.org/ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Health and Social Care section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a very interesting and knowledgeable piece of work. The writer has clearly meet the aims of the report. It is easy to read and understand and the information presented is clear and in most cases detailed. To improve this it would be useful to add quotes and references where needed and to also mention about Laws and Legislation as this is an integral part of meeting needs of the individual. ****

Marked by teacher Michelle Turrell 26/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Health and Social Care essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Positive and Negative Influences on Individuals at Different Life Stages.

    4 star(s)

    Socio-economic factor There are many different socio-economic factors that can affect how a person develops. They can be a positive or negative effect. * Education * Discrimination * Access to services * Culture * Gender * Peer pressure * Family and friends * Environment * Housing * Expenditure * Income * Media Income and expenditure.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Individual Needs in Health & Social Care

    3 star(s)

    If you exercise regularly or if you are an athlete in training, you are trying to make your muscles work better. You want to be stronger if you are a weightlifter, you want to be able to throw a blistering fast ball if you are a baseball pitcher or you

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this assignment I will be discuss the legislation relating to people who have ...

    3 star(s)

    There was an extension on existing provisions in Disability Discrimination Act 1995. This now meant that people with HIV, cancer and multiple sclerosis were protected against discrimination from the day they are diagnosed. The Mental Health Act came into place in 1983.

  2. Describe the overall structure of health services provisions in the UK

    Their aim is to overcome professional barriers, reduce duplications, and improve all services. The common assessment frame work is to share information across services such as schools, social workers, doctors, community nurses and any other service the chid may use and make sure they are all aware of what is being done to the child to help them.

  1. Developing effective communication in health and social care settings. Examples of one-to-one and group ...

    This led her to getting disappointed with her painting. I should have given Annie a mirror so it would be easier for her to paint herself and also she wouldn't have to think and struggle as much, as she suffers from dementia.

  2. Public Health Unit 12 P1 Describe key aspects of public health in the ...

    There are a number of populations, smaller group who do not enjoy the same level of health as the general population and identified as priority population groups. * Developing programs to reduce risk and screen for disease early on Attempting to reduce the levels of ill health by introducing new

  1. Overall four health models have been justified and evaluated in whether they are able ...

    There are 5 main stages of this theory. Pre- contemplation, this is where a person is most unaware of the problems they are having. For example an individual deeply stuck within an eating disorder. There is no intention for the person to change their behaviour in the foreseeable future.

  2. My Experience of Teamwork in a Charity Event.

    However sometimes the contributions do need to be altered a little to make a further succession. Effective communication In assessing the first contribution in influencing the success of the activity communication is one of the most influential parts in working as part of a team.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work