• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe two theories of cognitive development and evaluate these in terms of their application to education

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe two theories of cognitive development and evaluate these in terms of their application to education Piaget's theory was initially split into three stages, sensorimotor, concrete and formal stages. However this has now changed and another stage was inserted between the sensorimotor and the concrete stages. This stage is called the pre-operational (Francois, 2000). With Piaget's theory children advance onto the next stage as they increase in age and not with development. The child process' all information in a methodical way, the baby is born with an innate schema to suckle from a bottle or breast, which it assimilates. At this point, the baby feels equilibrium. Then the baby experiences a new concept, which it cannot assimilate into its schema. This causes dis-equilibrium. Therefore, the baby has to adapt its original schema, then it can accommodate the new information, which it then assimilates into the new schema. This process happens in all stages. The four stages are described as follows-: The first stage is the Sensorimotor Stage. ...read more.

Middle

They are capable of abstract, logical thinking and reasoning. Piaget believes that children cannot be taught, and that the only way that they will learn is through play and physical contact with different objects, problems and situations. Piaget calls this process 'Discovery Learning', and the job of the teacher in this process is to set the problem up and cause a state of dis-equilibrium. Therefore, the child can adapt its schema and advance to the next stage. In addition, the teacher can facilitate the child while it is attempting the problem, and encourage the child to ask questions about what they are doing. Piaget states that the child should be given problems that are only applicable to the child's cognitive stage and not too advanced or problems the child has already assimilated, this is called 'Readiness'. Jerome Bruner believed that language (in the scaffolding process) was very important, and without language, the child would be unable to advance. He also stress' that adult /knowledgeable peers active involvement is essential, along with the interaction with the environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

These patterns, the child learns, happen to be called prime. It is easy for the child to go from this step to the recognition that a multiple table, so called, is a record sheet of quantities in completed multiple rows and columns. Here is factoring, multiplication and primes in a construction that can be visualised.' Evaluation Piaget's theory and Bruners are similar in many ways. They have the same belief that cognitive development is done through stages, although Bruner says there should be no age restraints. They both believe that the best and easiest way for a child to learn is through self-discovery, and through the method the information is retrieved in greater depth also. However, were Piaget may be criticised is in the age restraining and the size of the age groups. He also does not allow for children advancing at different speeds and believes language is used just as an aid to development, were as Bruner says its essential to development. Piaget also ignores the importance of social relationships, whereas Bruner says that interaction within the environment is essential within the process of cognitive development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky

    4 star(s)

    Here is factoring, multiplication and primes in a construction that can be visualised" (http://www.nkjo-legnica.oswiata.org.pl/data/orbis/text/KURPAGOT.htm) A widely discussed point of difference between each of the theories concerns their ideas on the role of language. Language for Piaget is "a system of symbols for representing the world and exerts no formative effects on the structure of thinking" (Wood, 1998, p26).

  2. Child development

    If so, treatment to turn the baby to a head down position may be considered. Blood Pressure This is measured regularly during routine antenatal checks. Together with a urine test, blood pressure is taking which detects for protein, these shows of complications during the pregnancy called pre-eclampsia.

  1. CHILD DEVELOPMENT

    They tend to try to hold onto bottle or spoon while being fed. They are now able to poke toys and objects with there index finger, and explore objects by there mouths. Intellectual and sensory development. Baby can now adjust there position to see objects, they are now very alert

  2. How do Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories of learning and development compare regarding the influences ...

    Firstly assimilation is the child's incorporation of new events into pre existing cognitive structures (schemas). The child will use and apply these pre existing schemas to new situations as a means of exploring. Piaget named this method intrinsic motivation. The child then needs to change their schemas in order to

  1. Cum ajungi la un portofoliu optim de branduri

    Mai mult, pentru ca dificultatea sa fie si mai mare, portofoliul optim se schimba in timp, pe masura ce se schimba piata si, in ultima instanta, consumatorii carora li se adreseaza brandurile si produsele din portofoliu. Companiile au inceput sa constientizeze faptul ca nu mai pot ignora aceasta schimbare si

  2. Family Support Resource

    existential challenges ... particularly those ... related to social location and social divisions; systematic - with a clear focus on what we are doing and why (our goals and our plans for achieving them); reflective - open-minded, carefully thought-through and a source of constant learning rather than a rigid, routinized approach to practice; emancipatory - attuned

  1. Compare the methods, theories & contributions of any two psychologists

    Lack of conservation means that the child is unable to understand that an objects properties remain consistent even when appearance changes. Piaget investigated this by placing 2 identical glasses (labeled A and B) side by side. Each glass is filled with the same amount of liquid.

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    According to http://www.uic.edu/classes/sped/sped506/milestones.html toddlers between the ages of 12 and 18 months, need a parent of carer with them and they feel Separation anxiety when they are left alone. Possible activities for next visit This was my last visit for my child study .however for my final evaluation I will

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work