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Development of Attention

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Introduction

Attention is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalizations, concentration of consciousness are of its essence. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others. Development of Attention In his early years of life the child does not have a store of memory units to draw on. Over his developing years he must learn to obtain control over his perceptual and attention process. Children proceed through stages of attention that differ from child to child. First Year of Life This stage is distinguished by great distractibility and the child's attention is involuntarily taken over by the main stimulus of the surroundings. ...read more.

Middle

no distraction can be tolerated. Third Year of Life This stage is similar to stage 2; he can still only attend to one task at a time. However, while in stage 2 the child can only attend to one activity at a time, now the attention is more flexible. The child can shift his attention by only stopping what he is doing and locking attention to the next activity. This type of attention is called single channel attention. o Single channel attention In this theory, the capacity for information processing is considered to be fixed - a single undifferentiated resource - in the extreme case, a single information channel, one and only one stimulus-response operation at a time. ...read more.

Conclusion

o Integrated attention So we develop through these stages until, in our prime we reach the peak of our ability to attend in a fully integrated and controlled way. However, it is important to emphasize that the stages are not mutually exclusive. We do not necessarily function at the peak of our abilities, but our ability to attend varies from minute to minute, task to task, and circumstances to circumstances. Increasing age is accompanied by gradual loss of skills and actions cease to be automatic. Thus, we tend to regress back through the stages. The further up the child gets in schools the greater are the demands on attention. The child would be expected to take notes while the teacher is talking, which would be an impossible task unless the child's attention is totally integrated. It might also be that the same child's attention differs in different circumstances. ...read more.

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