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DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDRENAssessmentOutcome 1 The areas for development of a child are broken down into four different categories, these are listed

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DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN Assessment Outcome 1 The areas for development of a child are broken down into four different categories, these are listed below. a) Physical b) Intellectual c) Emotional d) Social Within each one of the above areas of development for children is another four separate categories which are known as the stages of development, again these are listed below. a) Early years, from birth to 2 years b) Infancy, from 2 to 6 years c) Young children, from 6 to 11 years d) Adolescence, from 11 to 16 years In the physical development of a child there is a thing called a growth pattern which relates to the eventual size of the child. This pattern starts from birth to the age of 6 and during this time the rate of growth is rapid. It then slows down to just a steady gain from the age of 6 to 11. The growth rate in the adolescent years again goes back to rapid before it slows down again from the age of 16 to about 20 when growing normally stops. ...read more.


They also learn lessons from pain. For example, if they touch something hot and it hurts then they won't intentionally touch it again. Between the ages of 2 to 6 the child is quite egocentric, so they see things from pretty much one point of view, there own! Holding a picture so that only they can see and expect you to see it too might be an example of this behaviour. From 6 to 11 the child starts to lose the egocentricity and should begin to understand the viewpoints of others. They should also be starting to add subtract and measure things. During adolescence they will develop the ability to think logically about abstract actions, also develop ability to speculate about the future. Emotional development is slightly different in that it does not break down into four distinct stages the same way as the previous areas of development do. From birth to 5 the child needs constant reassurance from parents, family, friends, nursery etc. ...read more.


They are now developing the skill of working together with others, i.e. teamwork. They are also becoming more aware of the different capabilities of both themselves and others. Adolescence is when youngsters will form strong ties with peer groups, this is the period that begins to mark the change from childhood to adulthood and often brings with it conflict between the adolescent and adults. Since part of growing up means becoming more independent the parents influence becomes shared with others. It is possible for there to be a difference of four years in a child's developmental age even though they are actually the same chronological age, some children develop earlier than others and rates of maturation vary with body shape, therefore none of the things written in the above paragraphs is an exact science and it never will be so this must be taken into account when working with children. It must be remembered that they are all different and so have different needs Physically, Intellectually, Emotionally and Socially. ?? ?? ?? ?? David MacIntyre HNC 1 Working with Children in a Sporting Environment 1 ...read more.

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