• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Developmental Psychology.

Extracts from this document...


Developmental Psychology a) Outline the development of attachments (e.g. Schaffer) Schaffer and Emerson discovered the phases in the development of an attachment. These are, 0-2 months, which is the pre-attachment stage. At this stage infants produce similar responses to all objects. They begin to show a greater preference for social stimuli, such as smiling and they are more content when they are with people. 2-7 months is the 'Attachment in the making' stage. This is where infants become more social and they prefer human company and can distinguish between familiar and unfamiliar people. Strangers can easily comfort them and they have an overall general sociability. 7-24 months, is the specific/clear cut attachments (separation protest and stranger anxiety.) At this stage the infants show uneasiness with strangers and put up protest when they are left alone. 8 months, is the Multiple attachment stage and at this stage they develop a wide circle of attachments. ...read more.


c) Psychologists are divided in the extent to which they see day care as beneficial to a child's development. To what extent does day care have a beneficial effect on cognitive and/or social development? Cognitive development concerns the growth of the child thinking abilities. There are several factors that may cause delays in cognitive development. Social Development refers to the growth of social behaviours such as the ability to form attachments develops healthy self esteem and form appropriate relationships. The potential effects of day care on social and cognitive development and then we can consider how day care could be improved to avoid possible negative effects. There have been many research studies to see whether day care has a beneficial affect on cognitive and social development. Andersson and Mayall and Petrie did these studies. Andersson conducted a study of the effects of day care in Sweden. ...read more.


The other explanation is possibly due to the childcare environment. The research showed that the children often spent the day in an under stimulated environment lacking love and attention. It can be seen that that day care may be damaging because of the separation from the child's primary caregiver. Some day care experiences can lack stimulation and attachment opportunities, but in general the cognitive and social development did not seem to be affected and some children may even benefit, due to maybe lacking certain opportunities at home. Children in day care appear to be as securely attached to their primary caregivers as those who are at home full time. However children who are insecurely attached benefit more from day care. In conclusion this states that it cannot be said that day care is good or bad in terms of cognitive and social development. The effects can be related to other circumstances in the child's life and in some situations day care may even be positively beneficial. Mrs Evans Rebecca Johnson 12A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Health, Social Care and Early years provisions.

    One of the main problems is that there is now a greater need for the health and social care services. Not only are people now living to a longer age, it also means that services are going to be needed to be provided to those for a longer period in time.

  2. Health and Social care

    These principles help to ensure that clients receive the highest standard of care possible. It is important that the provision of care within the NHS meets the needs of every individual, is free at the point of need and is based on the patient's clinical need, not their ability to pay.

  1. The Emotionally Intelligent Team

    This is especially applicable to the team situation where members sometimes hide their true opinion or feelings to avoid conflict. Using Emotion to Facilitate Performance Controlling emotion to reach a goal is necessary for motivation, attention, and focus. Goleman (1995)

  2. Child Psychology

    What is Child Psychology? According to Princeton University, Child Psychology can be defined as the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children. A Child Psychologist is one who studies the social and mental development of children.

  1. Is Cloning Beneficial to Humanity?

    To avoid donor gametes and selective abortion, while maintaining a genetic tie to their child, they choose cloning. 2. The parents of a terminally ill child are told that only a bone marrow transplant can save the child's life. With no other donor available, the parents attempt to clone a human being from the cells of the dying child.

  2. Critically discuss what psychologists have found out about cognitive psychology.

    Accommodation is the process of adapting existing schemas to fit new experiences. (Gross 1999: 628) ASSIMILATION EQUILIBRUM New experiences that existing schemes cannot deal with DISEQUILIBRUM Development of new schemes ACCOMMODATION Fig 1 The first of Piaget's stages of cognitive development is the "sensory-motor stage".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work