• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24

English Literature Exam Essays

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay 1 Each of the two passages below presents a judgment of a parent by a child. Compare and contrast the passages in terms of : 1) the kind and severity of the judgements and what they reveal about the social and personal beliefs of Elizabeth and Arkady 2) the narrative techniques of 'showing' and 'telling' employed in each passage and their effectiveness. ( 1500 words) Pride and Prejudice satires early nineteenth century English social institutions. Elizabeth Bennet is Jane Austen's satirical tool as she explores class, feminism and love in the country estates of rural England. In Austen's society, women's social and economic circumstances are defined by their fathers and eventually their husbands. For the Bennet sisters marriage is more than a means of economic support, it is a source of upward mobility. Elizabeth's turning down two marriage proposals shows that she is an independent character. With her quick wit and loose tongue, Elizabeth rejects the patriarchal society defined by Chris Weedon and does away with the sexual mores of her time. Austen's other female characters embody Hannah More's view on how women should act; they serve as foils for Elizabeth's "very different mode of femininity."Austen's feminist hero challenges the ideals of prudence, decorum, propriety and social responsibility with Mary Wollstencraft's ideals of self-expression, spontaneity and personal fulfillment. Chris Weedon's patriarchal society defines the circumstances under which Pride and Prejudice takes place. Weedon defines patriarchal as the "power relations in which women's interests are subordinated to the interests of men. These power relations take the form of... internalized norms of femininity." These internalized norms of femininity are nowhere more prevalent than in Pride and Prejudice. Mary Bennet, Lady Catherine De Bourgh and Charlotte Lucas personify Hannah More's typically passive, refined woman. More contends that women's happiness is dependent on restraint and submission and that women must not "[depart] from the refinement of their character" or "[blemish] the delicacy of their sex." ...read more.

Middle

Most Western middle-class children have mothers as primary caregivers. Most of these mothers converse with their children in a particular way: they adapt their conversation to the child's competencies and needs, and they make frequent attempts to solicit the child's active participation in conversation from a very early age. They are able to do this well because they know so much about their individual child's knowledge, experiences, and language practices, and because they are highly motivated to engage their child in interaction and to show off her/his particular skills. This style has been shown to be conducive to the child's acquisition of a number of important linguistic skills. With this high level of knowledge and motivation, mothers are also likely on many occasions to anticipate their child's needs before they are linguistically expressed, to fill in gaps in incomplete or poorly expressed child utterances, and to preempt the child's participation in talking about a difficult topic. This maternal style may therefore not be as conducive to the child's acquisition of some other types of communicative skills. ( Mercer & Swann, p 38) Social Natural languages are constructed so that they do not depend on an extensive amount of shared knowledge or experience of particular events. But as Language is a set of social conventions designed to facilitate communication with other people who have acquired the same linguistic conventions, whenever and wherever they have done so young children brought in the maternal style may have a problem. As they are learning to communicate and acquiring language as a means of communication all at the same time new communicative partners are constantly presenting them with new challenges that require them either to deploy their existing communicative skills in new ways, or else to acquire new skills that will help them to meet these challenges effectively. ( Mercer & Swann, p 39) Therefore, children need to communicate with other people, even those with whom they share few or no common experiences in language learning. ...read more.

Conclusion

She has 'vowed' to defend the rights of women ' to the last drop of my blood'. She has separated from her husband and plans to go abroad to study in Paris and Heidelberg ( p81). The description of her person and household repeats some of the stereotyping of radical women found in most conservative writing. She is dirty and sloppy in her habits and person but what is most important is her declaration 'I'm free, I've no children' (p81). From a conservative perspective, this would be a death sentence for her. Another example is Odintosova who was educated in St Petersburg at the centre of new thinking, her 'reprobate' father treating her as a friend and equal, which suggests that she has acquired little sense of the value of traditional authority. Like Kukshina, she engages in intellectual debates with men and more significantly she shares Bazarov's nihilism. Finally, Turgenev talking about his writing and about Fathers and Sons insisted that 'to reproduce the truth, the reality of life accurately and powerfully, is the literary man's highest joy, even if that truth does not correspond to his own sympathies' ( Apropos of Fathers and Sons, in Fathers and Sons, 1989 edn, p 171). Turgenev's aim to reproduce the truth may be regarded as fulfilled in Fathers and Sons. The novel divided critical opinion, and in particular the figure of Bazarov did so in a way that no fictional character in Russian literature has done before. The book act as a lightning conductor for all pent up political energies that began to circulate once Alexander II's social reforms were under way. Young radical progressives, whose spirit Turgenev has sought to capture accused him of travestying their zealotry in his portrayal of the sensual Bazarov. Conservative critics found Turgenev too sympathetic to the forces of revolution in making his nihilist hero superior to the other characters in the novel. These reactions illustrate both how powerful and problematical a self-proclaimed realist text can be in the Russian political climate. ( Walder,D. 1995, The Realist Novel, p 177). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. "The senses are points of contact with the environment." How does activity with sensorial ...

    In this exercise, a great amount of observation and attention are needed to compare, judge and then make a decision. This exercise teaches the child about colour, builds concentration and educates the child's hand to perform fine and delicate movements.

  2. Describe how political ideology influences social policy and suggest how this may affect families ...

    but was set at a low rate and as a consequence these women were amongst the poorest in the country. Muncie and Wetherall (1997) suggest that the ideology of the family promoted by the post war labour government constructed an ideal family type as consisting of heterosexual couple; male breadwinner,

  1. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    It was of a lady bird. This gave me the impression that Hilary enjoyed doing creative activities which was good because that way she would enjoy my colouring, writing and drawing activity. I sat down at the table in Hilary's dining room and asked her if she would come and

  2. What are the essential qualities of a good Montessori teacher, and why are these ...

    Otherwise, the house will be "fragile" and can easily be affected, and even destroyed by the natural as well as man-made undesirable elements. Studying and making one "tuned-in" to the visions foundations of the Montessori philosophy, learning the use of the materials and the real purpose for their use and

  1. A life course perspective

    The staged models mentioned above involve people going through transitions throughout different periods in their lives. They state that in order for someone to move successfully to the next stage they must go through these transitions during the life course.

  2. Practical Life Exercises And Why They Are Attractive To Children

    When the children are undertaking these activities, we can see that they are fulfilling a biological need. It is characteristic of all children at this stage of development that they feel immense satisfaction by using any of their muscles. The PLE are designed specially to answer the needs of this "sensitive period" through which the child is passing.

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    Fine motor skills are developing well and they may still enjoy simple drawing activities. They are still very egocentric and learn through trial and error. (A comprehensive textbook for gcse by Brennand Hall) Aim At my third visit, my aim is to see something different than last time.

  2. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development.

    was working as she wasn?t taught to like the scientists, she knew how to like them. It was thought that because she wasn?t taught how to speak that scientists found out that the left side is used more in younger life to learn the language.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work