• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate a chosen perspective relating to child development. Compare this perspective with others and apply them to a chosen childhood setting.

Extracts from this document...


Evaluate a chosen perspective relating to child development. Compare this perspective with others and apply them to a chosen childhood setting. Psychology is the science of behaviour. It looks at thought, feelings and images. Biological, environmental and psychological factors are elements of behaviour. (See appendix 1) The goals of psychology are to understand, describe, control and predict certain behaviour in particular circumstances. Biological, psychodynamic, behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and sociocultural are perspectives on behaviour. The humanistic approach is known as the "third force" founded by Abraham Maslow. The first and second are behaviourism, and psychoanalysis, derived from the early work of Sigmund Freud. Humanism states the most important aspect of human psychology is how they achieve their sense of self and actualise their potential. It has four main concepts: responsibility, the 'here and now', phenomenology, and personal growth. I will be focusing on the humanistic approach in relation to a primary school setting. Comparing this perspective with others. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970), a key theorist of the humanistic approach believes that human functioning is holistic, i.e. looking at the whole self. The needs and motivation of a person is reflected upon individual personal experiences. Maslow stated: "a good life is a process, not a state of being". He is known for his 'Hierarchy of Needs'. ...read more.


Neo humanism promotes continuity in relation to regional cultures. Neo-humanism proposes that creative experiences are important in supportive learning of culture. Each classroom has its own learning culture that is a result of the relationship between the teacher and the child. http://nhe.gurukul.edu/trans.html. Like neo-humanism the sociocultural perspective looks at the manner in which culture is transmitted to its members and the similarities and differences between children within the same culture. It emphasises individualism and self identity. For example, two children from an Asian culture can be very different in their personalities. (See Appendix 3) http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/r/a/rah25/Assets/PSY002/Chap001_Notes.ppt Socioculturalists believe that child's growth is emphasised by their values, goals and expectations of their culture. Developmental abilities may differ for children in different cultures. http://encrta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761557692_2/Child_Development.html In psychology 'gender' is a term usually referred to in a social and cultural aspect. In contrast the term 'sex' is usually referred to in a biological sense, whereas societies stereotype in terms of gender. Practitioners and peers treat girls differently to that of boys. Children's' knowledge about sex and gender role expectations develop quite early. This usually occurs under the age of three. Part of gender role development is that girls' and boys internalise sex stereotypes. Schools play a major part in gender appropriate behaviour and appearance as well as the media. ...read more.


Jerome Bruner (born 1915) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) saw the child as an apprentice. They believe that 'lone' learning is not enough and the child should be helped through peers and adults. The child is active in learning as in the humanistic approach. In relation to the nature/nurture debate the psychodynamic and cognitive approaches compare with humanism. They all believe that behaviour is a result from nature and nurture. They all state that behaviour is both an interaction between the person and environment and that we have inborn motive and drive. However the behaviourist approach is against the humanistic approach. Behaviourism states it is nurture that effects our behaviour. http://www.learningmatters.co.uk/sampleChapters/pdfs/introductory%20chap%202.pdf Poverty can have an effect on a child's psychological development and their personal growth. Bryan Egeland, Alan Sroufe and Andrew Collins of the Institute of Child Development are researching a parent-child project. It is a longitudinal study that looks at poverty as a risk factor in the development of children. A way of reducing negative effects of poverty is a stable early relationship between the parent and child. This promotes the child's personal growth. http://education.umn.edu/research/ResearchWorks/Parent-Child.htm In conclusion all theories have their advantages and limitations. For example, Piaget's theory is helpful in explaining a child's cognitive development. Whereas Banduras cognitive social learning theory helps explain a child's social development. The understanding of normal child development detects difficulties in the emotional, physical, social and cognitive. This enables teachers to prevent and treat these problems in the school setting. http://web.mala.bc.ca/education/Courses/EDPB503/THEORETICAL_PERSPECTIVES_RUBRIC. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky

    4 star(s)

    These patterns, the child learns, happen to be called prime. It is easy for the child to go from this step to the recognition that a multiple table, so called, is a record sheet of quantities in completed multiple rows and columns.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    He has a low sugar intake which is good. The starch he gets from the cereal, bread, fruit and noodles. The crisps also give him starch. The fibre he gets from the bread, fruit, vegetables, crisps and cereal. Jack's carbohydrate intake is well balanced to give his body what he needs.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The nature/nurture debate in childhood development.

    4 star(s)

    Maturation was a term developed 70 years ago by Gesell (1925). It is used to describe genetically programmed sequential patterns. E.g., babies will develop at different rates like walking but all people share sequences through life. Maturation has three qualities. Firstly universal, which appears in all children throughout different cultures.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    decided to do my broad area of research on toys and the safety of toys and play. I feel that this is an important part of Alanya's development because this is how she learns about her social and intellectual skills.

  1. Free essay

    Child Development

    he learns things that his brother has learned to do, and say, and from his parents, his primary carers. Although there have been different approaches to language development, B F. Skinner in (1957) argued that his Operant Conditioning approach where "....

  2. Child development

    - This is an uncommon sexually transmitted infection. It can develop into a serious illness. It can be treated with antibiotics. A repeat blood test at about 28 weeks is usually offered to re-check for anaemia and red cell antibodies.

  1. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development.

    Problems Problems such as drug and drink addiction is also used within this debate, an example of this is when a child is born drug dependent as the parents is also drug dependent, this shows that the drugs have coded within the genes and the child would now be susceptible to drug problems when it is older.

  2. Development through the life stages

    The influence of parents remains strong, but is increasingly replaced by input from peers and other adults (teachers, coaches, etc.). Stereotypically, there is substantial strife between adolescents and their parents, but if the pre-adolescent relationship was good, the parent-child relationship usually continues to be healthy during this period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work