Explain how play and activities are used to support the development of speech, language and communication
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ï»¿Reference list A practical guide to support children with Speech, Language and communication Needs is available at http://www.practicalpreschoolbooks.com accessed on 19-05-11 at 10.35am Featherstone S. & Bayley R. 2002. Foundations for Independence, Developing independent learning in the Foundation Stage, Featherstone Education I CAN available at http://www.ican.org.uk accessed on 20-05-11 at 2.25pm Play Quotes available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/22929/play-quotes accessed on 20-05-11 at 8.10pm Pound. L. 2005. How children learn. London. Step Forward Publishing Limited. Tassoni,P. Beith, K. et al. 2010. Children and Young Peopleâs Workforce â Early learning and Childcare. Oxford. Heinemann. 3.1 for the 16 - 19 age range -- continuing physical growth puberty hormone body changes -- sexual relationships -- pregnancy -- parenthood -- considering future life and career choices -- starting college or university -- moving away from home -- driving lessons, licence acquisition that supports independance -- turning 18 and being legally allowed to buy/consume alcohol -- open an adult bank account -- job interviews -- workplace exeperience -- long term illness, disability -- changes to family structure: bereavement, divorce, separation, new family members 4.1 The early years are a critical period for childrenâs development as their brains are still growing therefore early identification of speech and language difficulties is absolutely essential.
I believe in the concept that Children learn through play. Here are some examples of play and activities to support speech and language; â¢ The use of puppets, dolls, cuddly toys â when a child first starts getting interested in talking they begin to role play e.g. giving a doll a cup of tea. This is an indication that they are ready to use new words, so encourage this by saying the word e.g. âcupâ or âdollâ. This can only be done if you follow the childâs interests. â¢ Role play and dressing up is another way of encourage speech and communication. Adults can play alongside them to encourage them with their speech and communication skills. â¢ Books- are a great way of expressing themselves and letting everyone know their interests. You can usually find books of interest to everyone as most groups have a wide and varied range of books. If a child says one word per page e.g. âcarâ then you could say âblue carâ so you are adding one more word than they are saying, this encourages the child to add another word when talking.
â¢ Praise childrenâs efforts even if they are not clear. â¢ If a child says a word wrong then just calmly repeat the correct way of saying the word. â¢ Imitate what they are doing in simple terms such as when they are drawing just say the colour that they are drawing with like âredâ. â¢ Another familiar way is to miss out words when signing songs e.g. bah bah ***** sheep and usually the children will fill in the gap. â¢ Give children time to respond it would usually take a child longer to respond but keep eye contact so that you can judge if the child is going to respond. â¢ Use open ended questions such as I wonder what colour that is? This is not a direct question so most children will try and reply. â¢ Comment on the childâs play this enables you to keep the communication going. â¢ Use your tone of voice to express yourself and use hand gestures to communicate. You will also demonstrate that they can communicate via other means. I then gave an example within our setting. e.g. we are based in a community centre and we have to take the children to the toilet and this is where most of the shy children communicate especially if there are no other children.
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