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explain the 5 main areas of childrens development

  • Essay length: 1240 words
  • Submitted: 07/10/2007
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GCSE Child Development

The first 200 words of this essay...

Child Psychology and Development

There are 5 main areas of children's development; Physical, Intellectual, Language, Emotional and Social (PILES)

* Physical Development

Physical Development "Refers to a child's control over his/her muscles, his/her coordination, his/her ability to sit, stand, and eventually to walk and run. It also refers to his/her manipulative abilities" Many theorists have many different views on physical development. Physical development includes 2 major areas; Fine motor skills and Gross Motor skills. Gross motor skills tend to develop first with fine motor skills coming later working from the centre and over time, moving out towards the fingers.

* Intellectual Development

Intellectual development can also be referred to as cognitive development. Many theorists have many different views on intellectual development. For example, Piaget believes it happens in 4 stages over a certain period of time starting from the earliest stage of 0 years up to adolescence. Lev Vygotsky's concept contradicts this, as he believes the development process that begins at birth and continues until death. Charles Darwin believes children's cognitive skills are built over the years and to begin with, they start with a blank canvas that is developed slowly over time through

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