• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

First Relationships

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Pg 1 of 5 Gail Adams T.M.A 02 U7740974 First Relationships Hobson 1993 argued that babies come into the world with an eagerness to relate to others. Relationships with significant others are important to our psychological life. Relationships between children and their caregivers are also important for not only their physical but emotional needs as well. The relationships that build between infant and caregiver is vital for the development of the infant in their future as adults. In the weeks after they are born babies have limited abilities to interact with adults who look after them but as they get older they become more and more equal partners in creating and upholding their relationships. There are many different aids that contribute towards the development and enhance relationships. Three main features of early development are meshing, scaffolding and imitation. Each contributes to early development of the infant. Many psychologists through research have used these aids to make claims or object about the abilities of infants to interact with caregivers. Meshing is the behaviour that adults and infants undertake when forming early relationships. During interaction each individuals behaviour seems to fit in with the others. Both child and caregiver seem to smoothly integrate with each other and each persons contribution fits in with the others. Turn-taking is a prominent feature of meshing dominantly lead by the caregiver. Mutual action occurs of expressions and signals of emotion. Meshing can be verbal or non-verbal with body language like nods and eye contact that signal ongoing attention. ...read more.

Middle

Bruner described scaffolding as a way of interacting with an infant to allow the child to take an active role as he/she learns. Bruner went on to form joint action formats, where the mother creates simplified sequences of actions with objects that are repeated thus the infant learns. Scaffolding is a constructivist theory because it involves the child and the environment in its physical and social sense. The caregiver implements objects for the child to interact with and respond to. Pg 3 of 5 Gail Adams T.M.A 02 U7740974 Lev.S. Vygosky (1896-1934) had a theory that relied heavily upon the social environments influence, he emphasised its role and believed that society was crucial to human cognitive development, beginning with the first interactions and relationships. He argued that humans developed psychological tools to aid their own thinking and behaviour. Children were seen as actively organising their own thought processes through constant interaction with the social world. The child had a zone of proximal development which could only be gained by the support of an adult. Vygosky's theory showed an interaction between the natural line that emerges within a child and the cultural line known as socio-scaffolding. Piaget argued that not only the environment but the physical and social plays a greater role rather than simply triggering innate structures. 'The human being is immersed right from birth into a social environment which affects him just as much as his physical environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Basic patterns of actions, which he called sensorimotor schemes.' (Open University BK1, CHP1,pg31 1994). Some key features of first relationships are meshing, scaffolding and imitation. All have their own endeavours in development-social interaction, interaction with the environment and language development. All incorporate the main caregiver as tutor until the infant can be able to take an active role at which point the development becomes a cooperation. Relationships cannot simply be learnt by experiencing meshing, imitation and scaffolding singly yet more so the infant must go through all processes in stages as suggested by Piaget Transactional Model of Development (BK1,CHP6) the child has an active role in their own development. The infant passes through these processes imitation being of pseudo-dialogue and then to proto-dialogue, Travarthen inter-subjectivity to scaffolding/zone proximal development. Mother and infant need to be harmonized to enter these stages of primary subjectivity. The four main theories of child development can be seen in all processes and is apparent more so in some than others, but certainly an overlap of many theories can be seen throughout. Each theory focuses on different aspects of development and makes different assumptions about the relative importance of internal and external influences. The implications for the theories is that of the lack for the theories to concretise a transactional model of development to enrol in the appreciation that the child needs to be and play an active role in their own development, with the support network from a primary caregiver. Word count 1921 Pg 5 of 5 Gail Adams T.M. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Doctors Role-Play Dialogue.

    What is the matter with her? Child: Ear hurting Nursery Nurse: Aww well we'd better take Annie to the doctors. First though we have to ring up and make an appointment. Child: Phone Nursery Nurse: Do you know the number? Child: No Nursery Nurse: Can we look it up in the book? Child: Yes, 1,2,3,4,5,10, 4....3.

  2. Genetics - Designer Babies

    They decided to have the child at least partly because his tissues could help treat his sister. This case marks the first time treatment for another person been a consideration in embryo selection. Early reports indicate the therapy has been successful."3 This has saved the girl from her disease but

  1. Describe the processes by which genes and environment interact to influencedevelopment. Discuss the significance ...

    Physical characteristics appear to be specialized adaptations for instance, the ears are for hearing, while psychological characteristics are more generalized such as language used for communication, transactions and public interactions. The evolutionary and genetic concepts suggest that development is biologically predetermined from the starting process to the endpoint and there is nothing much we can do to change them.

  2. Health and Social care

    Geographical Barriers Only one geographical barrier has been highlighted within my questionnaire and that is that it may be expensive for patients to travel to and from the Surgery. For example, if a client does not own a car, they will have to rely on public transport to get them to and from their surgery appointments.

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    As John is still growing at a fast rate he need plenty of sleep this is about 14 hours for John a day, another vital necessity for John is shelter and warmth, as John is receiving these will continue to grow up in a stable environment safely protected by his loving family.

  2. Development through the life stages

    If the health of one of the couples declines it is common for the other person to become the prime carer. At around the ages of 30 they might spend more times with their families than their friends because they have more responsibilities than what they had before, because family

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    Possible activities for next visit For my next visit I might decide to do painting. I might use a table or paint on the floor as I would like to see her use of her gross motor skills. I also found out that aroush has an easel, and so I

  2. the human lifespan

    Intellectual Intellectual development continues through adulthood, getting a job involves learning new skills. Many skills are also need when a person leaves home and lives independently. These include cooking and managing a home in budget. As we age adults can react more slowly, and can find it difficult to remember things under pressure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work