• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

First Relationships

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Pg 1 of 5 Gail Adams T.M.A 02 U7740974 First Relationships Hobson 1993 argued that babies come into the world with an eagerness to relate to others. Relationships with significant others are important to our psychological life. Relationships between children and their caregivers are also important for not only their physical but emotional needs as well. The relationships that build between infant and caregiver is vital for the development of the infant in their future as adults. In the weeks after they are born babies have limited abilities to interact with adults who look after them but as they get older they become more and more equal partners in creating and upholding their relationships. There are many different aids that contribute towards the development and enhance relationships. Three main features of early development are meshing, scaffolding and imitation. Each contributes to early development of the infant. Many psychologists through research have used these aids to make claims or object about the abilities of infants to interact with caregivers. Meshing is the behaviour that adults and infants undertake when forming early relationships. During interaction each individuals behaviour seems to fit in with the others. Both child and caregiver seem to smoothly integrate with each other and each persons contribution fits in with the others. Turn-taking is a prominent feature of meshing dominantly lead by the caregiver. Mutual action occurs of expressions and signals of emotion. Meshing can be verbal or non-verbal with body language like nods and eye contact that signal ongoing attention. ...read more.

Middle

Bruner described scaffolding as a way of interacting with an infant to allow the child to take an active role as he/she learns. Bruner went on to form joint action formats, where the mother creates simplified sequences of actions with objects that are repeated thus the infant learns. Scaffolding is a constructivist theory because it involves the child and the environment in its physical and social sense. The caregiver implements objects for the child to interact with and respond to. Pg 3 of 5 Gail Adams T.M.A 02 U7740974 Lev.S. Vygosky (1896-1934) had a theory that relied heavily upon the social environments influence, he emphasised its role and believed that society was crucial to human cognitive development, beginning with the first interactions and relationships. He argued that humans developed psychological tools to aid their own thinking and behaviour. Children were seen as actively organising their own thought processes through constant interaction with the social world. The child had a zone of proximal development which could only be gained by the support of an adult. Vygosky's theory showed an interaction between the natural line that emerges within a child and the cultural line known as socio-scaffolding. Piaget argued that not only the environment but the physical and social plays a greater role rather than simply triggering innate structures. 'The human being is immersed right from birth into a social environment which affects him just as much as his physical environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Basic patterns of actions, which he called sensorimotor schemes.' (Open University BK1, CHP1,pg31 1994). Some key features of first relationships are meshing, scaffolding and imitation. All have their own endeavours in development-social interaction, interaction with the environment and language development. All incorporate the main caregiver as tutor until the infant can be able to take an active role at which point the development becomes a cooperation. Relationships cannot simply be learnt by experiencing meshing, imitation and scaffolding singly yet more so the infant must go through all processes in stages as suggested by Piaget Transactional Model of Development (BK1,CHP6) the child has an active role in their own development. The infant passes through these processes imitation being of pseudo-dialogue and then to proto-dialogue, Travarthen inter-subjectivity to scaffolding/zone proximal development. Mother and infant need to be harmonized to enter these stages of primary subjectivity. The four main theories of child development can be seen in all processes and is apparent more so in some than others, but certainly an overlap of many theories can be seen throughout. Each theory focuses on different aspects of development and makes different assumptions about the relative importance of internal and external influences. The implications for the theories is that of the lack for the theories to concretise a transactional model of development to enrol in the appreciation that the child needs to be and play an active role in their own development, with the support network from a primary caregiver. Word count 1921 Pg 5 of 5 Gail Adams T.M. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    also the TV plays a slight influence on his intellectual development, but it is his father who encourages him the most, at night he reads stories to him this has the most influence on his intellectual development, but in a few years time it will be crucial that they continue this trend.

  2. Health and Social care

    One of them is charges and fees within the surgery. For example, a client may be charged if the doctor has to write a letter to give them sick leave from work. Also, sometimes clients will be charged for things like medication, for example nicotine patches for giving up smoking.

  1. All of these poems deal with parents' relationships with and reflections on their children.Plath, ...

    'A creel of eels, all ripples, for the first time describes the child's movement showing we are getting closer to the actual birth. Note the assonance within this comparison. The child is now constantly moving, though now in unexpected movements as though wriggling rather than somersaulting as it does when

  2. "Children are no strangers to grief. Even infants and toddlers react to loss. ...

    (Schaefer, 1993). Therefore they will try to escape death by staying away from symbols or objects or even people that in their mind signify death. Children of this age also might associate death with something that they did or did not do.

  1. Development through the life stages

    If the health of one of the couples declines it is common for the other person to become the prime carer. At around the ages of 30 they might spend more times with their families than their friends because they have more responsibilities than what they had before, because family

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    Emotional development Aroush is a child who likes holding hands and always being with someone especially with her mum. She also shows lot affection for her brother and sister, and she also feels loved and secure by her family. When I went to Aroush?s house her mum was holding her.

  1. Describe Human Development from Conception to birth

    (Organ I) Scrotum: This is a soft and loose pouch like sack of that hangs behind and below the male penis which contains two testes inside as well as many blood vessels and nerves. This organ plays the role as climate control for the testes as for normal sperm development

  2. the human lifespan

    Cells decay. Muscle mass decreases. The immune system is no longer as capable as it once was. Body systems and organs, such as the heart and lungs, become less efficient. Skin losses more elasticity and more wrinkles appear on the skin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work