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GCSE Unit 3 - Types of Health & Designing a Healthcare Plan.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Unit 3- health and wellbeing Definitions: Health and wellbeing meanings come in three forms-holistic, positive and negative. Health and wellbeing?s meaning cannot be fixed because health means different things to different people, and your intellectual thinking of health can change from day to day; depending on your experiences you go through. Literally the word health comes from an old English word meaning ?the state of being hale, sound or whole, in body mind or soul?. This tells us that our thinking of health is not just about our physical pain we feel but also emotional feelings. For example someone could be eating their 5 a day and exercising every day to keep fit, so their physically healthy but they might?ve been through a lot of emotional things such as death of loved ones all of the sudden and to her health doesn?t meaning anything because she is emotionally not happy. She might think that she?s not healthy when someone asks her because she?s be through a lot of emotional things so all she can think of is her worries and may not concentrate on her diet that she is eating healthy and doing exercise. The World Health Organization is an agency of the United Nations (UN) that co-ordinates international public health service. They have also likewise said that the meaning of health cannot be fixed because different people have different intellectual thinking of health depending on their experiences. But they have agreed upon the meaning of health and wellbeing as ?a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity?. There are 6 factors which might affect our health from day to day and probably change our intellectual thinking of health as well. This can affect us positively or negatively , an example of a social factor is, someone could be physically really fit and health but they might not have any friends to socialize with, and they might also not attempt to go out and find a friend because they?re feeling low about them self. ...read more.

Middle

Body mass index: Body mass index shows how much fat a person has in their body compared totheir height. This is worked out by dividing an individual?s weight by their height squared. It is important to measure this because having too much can lead to obesity which leads to major health problems like heart disease. Hip/waist ratio measurement: Those who carry their fat around their waist and abdomen are more likely to suffer from the consequences of being overweight. To work out your hip/waist ratio, you divide you hip measurement by your waist measurement. This measure is a much better indicator of risk of cardiovascular disease in people over 75 than BMI, although BMI is a good indicator for younger adults. Body fat composition: The amount of fat you carry is called your body fat percentage and affects your shape because muscles tissue is more compact than fat. If you exercise regularly, you will have smaller body fat percentage and look slimmer than someone of the same height who doesn?t exercise and so has a higher ratio of body fat. The two most common ways of measuring it are by standing on a body fat monitor or by using a skin fold caliper to pinch at certain parts of the body- a gauge measures the thickness of the pitch. This latter method is better carried out by a professional. The average man has 15 per cent to 17 per cent body fat, while the average woman is between 18 per cent and 22 per cent. Blood test: A variety of tests can be carried out on your blood to see that you have the correct levels of certain substances in your body, such as cholesterol, glucose (sugars) and minerals such as sodium. Blood tests can also show whether organs such as your liver are functioning properly. Cholesterol levels: Cholesterol is one of the body?s fat and is used to produce energy hormones and build body cells. ...read more.

Conclusion

She is proactive on obtaining goals she desires and it is all in support of her own needs, emotional wellbeing and interests. Claire will benefit from these interventions as they are ongoing and consistant. Then, is she feels she is going to lapse at anytime, these professional are accessible. Informla support is when a person who has no qualifications about the topic but can still give you advice from their own previous knowlegde. Support: Informal support: Informal support is not paid for and is provided by family and friends and neighbors. If, for example Claire is trying to lose weight you could ask them not to give you any gifts for chocolate at Christmas, to cook low-fat meals if you go to their houses to eat, or to make sure they encourage you to stick to your diet when you are out shopping or for a meal. Formal support: This is provided by health and social care practioners who are professional careers. You might need this if you have no family nearby or you need more specialists help. You may need to pay for this support. For example, you could pay join a support group such as slimming club, or have hypnotherapy to help you give up smoking. You might receive help free; for example you doctor may refer you to a dietician to help you stick to a weight-loss plan to a counselor to help with a stress-reduction plan. Voluntary and faith-based services: Voluntary services are organized by people who often five their services for nothing. There are voluntary support groups for most serious or chronic illnesses. For example someone with diabetes could approach Diabetes UK, which is a charity, for help with sticking to a health plan to control his or her diabetes, when first diagnosed. Faith-based services support people of their own faith and might include a local church group that organizes lots of different physically active activities, which a young person could benefit from it following a plan to become fitter. ...read more.

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