• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32
  33. 33
    33
  34. 34
    34
  35. 35
    35
  36. 36
    36
  37. 37
    37
  38. 38
    38
  39. 39
    39
  40. 40
    40
  41. 41
    41
  42. 42
    42
  43. 43
    43
  44. 44
    44
  45. 45
    45
  46. 46
    46

Health and Human Deveopment revision notes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HHD EXAM REVISION NOTES HEALTH: "A state of complete physical, mental and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". Physical Health- State of the physical body (eg. Physical fitness, degree of energy, resistance to disease, efficient functioning of body organs and maintenance of appropriate weight to height.) - Influenced by Genetics and Lifestyle Factors. Emotional Health- how an individual feels about themselves. - Ability to function and cope with everyday life. - Adapt to a range of demands - Make appropriate decisions - Self Confidence and Self Esteem - Ability to know and express emotions Social Health- Interaction between people. - Establishing good quality relationships - Communicating with others. - Behaving in socially appropriate ways. DEVLOPMENT: Systematic changes starting at conception and ending at death. Principles of Development: > Development is Lifelong- Potential to change is all the time - build on human capabilities > Involves Heredity and the Environment- differences/variations because of Genetics. -Different experiences and DNA > Proceeds in Multiple directions- always proceeds from a general response to a specific response. - Cephalocaudal Dev- head to foot - Proximodistal Dev- inner to outer - Predictable pattern of changes and continuities > Humans are active in their own dev (plasticity) - individuals take control of themselves - Create own environment and influence those around them > Is multidimensional- Physical, social and mental changes - Growth- increase in size and structure Physical Development- Structural Changes -growth, changes, increase in complexity associated with organs, muscles and glands. - Motor Dev (Fine and Gross). - Development/decline of body's systems - Proximodistal Development (Middle to outer) - Cephalocaudal (head to feet) Social Development- socialisation (the process of attaining values, morals, attitudes and beliefs. - developing social and communication skills - developing relationships - Personal identity - Intimacy and care giving - Social roles and expectations - Learnt through: observation, interaction, rewards, sanctions, imitation, modelling, being 'told'. ...read more.

Middle

-Include lean meat, fish, poultry -Include milk, yoghurt, cheese (reduced fat) -Drink plenty of water -Limit saturated fat -Choose foods low in salt -Limit alcohol Intake -Moderate consumption of sugar -Prevent weight gain - Care for your food - Encourage breastfeeding ADG for children and adolescents: -Growth should be check regularly and P.A reg too. -Eat plenty of v/l/f -Eat plenty of cereals, preferably wholegrain. -Include lean meat, fish, poultry -Include milk, yoghurt, cheese -Choose water to drink no alcohol -Limit sat.fat -Choose foods low in salt -Consume mod. Amounts of sugars. ADG for older Australians: -Variety of nutritious foods -Keep active to maintain body weight -East at least 3 meals a day -Prepare and store food correctly - Eat plenty of v/l/f - Eat plenty of cereals, preferably wholegrain. - v sat. fat. -Drink adequate amounts of water -Choose v salt. -Include foods high in calcium -Use added sugars in moderation Eat Well Australia > Public Health Nutrition Strategy > Endorsed by the Australian Health Ministers and released by SIGNAL (a Gov nutrition group > Contains two areas: the Indigenous Population and the Australian Population as a whole. > To address the NHPAs > Links to Public Strategies eg. The National Breastfeeding Strategy, The national Alcohol Strategy OBJECTIVES: > Support health gains in the context of the NHPA > Improve the capacity of Australians to choose a healthy diet in line with the AGHE and ADG > Target major health issues: o/o 3 Headings: 1. Health GAIN > Promoting the consumption of v/f > Promoting Healthy weight > Promoting Good nutrition for mothers and infants > Promoting food nutrition for school aged children > Improving nutrition for vulnerable groups > Addressing structural barriers to safe and healthy food 2. Capacity building ( dev of Knowledge, practises and people needed to implement) > Investing in public Health and nutrition research > Improving the effectiveness of interventions > Building human resource capacity > Communicating with the people. ...read more.

Conclusion

POVERTY > Poor Quality Housing > Limited or no working facilities > Little or no heating > Inadequate or no bathroom > No water connected to premises > Low incomes > Inadequate food > Inadequate clothing > Lack of transport Results in poor or ill health- Ill health then perpetuates poverty. Causes of poverty: Political Debt, Colonial rule, Historical, Trade, Conflict. 2. CONFLICT > Death > Disabilities > Genocide (mass killings) > Mutilations > Attack PHC systems and damages health services > Destroys infrastructure > Breaks down Govt. Systems. > � $ spent on war so v money spent on education and PHC. > Disruption to agriculture and manufacturing > Causes poverty, malnutrition and disease. 3. CULTURAL FACTORS > Culture influences well being of women especially > Generally they are: - less educated * Received less food * Receive less medical treatment * Forced into marriages * Shoulder child rearing * House work (grow food and cart water etc). 4. LITERACY > Improves health of family esp children > Knowledge allows individuals/families to - get higher paying jobs * Have more choices (reflects health) * Have smaller families * Access to safe water/ sanitation/food handling practises * Understand importance of immunisation/health care/ child monitoring/ maternal care etc. SUSTAINABLE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE > Results in independence from dependence o Involve the People- to ensure they have ownership of infrastructure and policies and have what they need o Choose the right type of aid to reach poor people- Aspects of PHC o Focus on women- ultimately responsible for the health of the community o Focus on Health- A healthier community is more productive o Focus on Education-Improving their knowledge and understanding of health in a culturally appropriate way. o Focus on Water and sanitation- poor water and sanitation is a significant cause to illness and death. > Improvements in health have been made through the implementation of PHC strategies: o Child Growth monitoring o Breastfeeding o Immunisation o ORT ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Health and Social Care section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Health and Social Care essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Health and social care, OCR Nationals double award promoting health and well being

    4 star(s)

    Our physical health will be very weak. As said before, in the ancient time, there were no much good conditions for people to live. It was lacking of good hygiene. We will have a bad physical health due to diseases and illnesses caused by the dirty environment.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Research into Coronary Heart Disease

    4 star(s)

    Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure) - the lumen (the channel through which blood flows in the blood vessels) becomes narrower as the arteries thicken and harden. 6. High blood cholesterol - high blood cholesterol levels makes the build-up of plaques and consequent atherosclerosis more likely.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Care Value Base

    3 star(s)

    in the codes of practice, which is a set of rules which apply to all professionals in Social Care, the professionals have to follow the rules to work in a correct way. Care Value Base is a very important part for social workers in social work.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of One Individual's Health and Wellbeing

    years ago, when Francine decided to leave her family to live with her boyfriend without her family?s permission. Somehow, now she doesn?t live with him for some other problems. Even after she broke up with her boyfriend, her family still don?t accept her, so therefore she doesn?t get support from them.

  1. Developing effective communication in health and social care settings. Examples of one-to-one and group ...

    If I had not done that then questions may have not been invited, some of the service user's may not be able to interpret the information and some may not have heard or understood the messages clearly. I encouraged the students to use more eye-contact because when some of the

  2. Discuss the care strategies that can be used to support individuals with each of ...

    an railings and they are familiar with mobilising around their home so it can become easier to give the best possible care. Strengths and weaknesses for care homes. There are many strengths and weaknesses to long term residential care; the main strength is that the individual at the centre of the care is receiving care around the clock.

  1. Safe Guarding, Anti Social Behaviour and Domestic Abuse assingments

    The two organisations are called the CRB also known as the Criminal Records Burro and the second is the ISA , Independent Safeguarding Authority these have come together to combine a seamless service to combine criminal and berried functions.

  2. The practitioners responsibility in a professional relationship is that they should be able to ...

    Childcare and education4th edition, Tassoni, 2007 page 13 Another issue which contributes to maintaining a professional relationship with adults and children is confidentiality. By keeping information about children and their families confidential, is essential, because any information that is disclosed to the practitioner about the child or their family will

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work