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How to establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment for children

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Introduction

How to establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment for children Information This section provides information on the basic information held and required for work places with children. All information about a child is kept on a file or folder or on a computer system, all this information has to be up to date incase of emergency. All visitors should be CRB checked before entering the child care establishment and should give there full details including contact details to the place. Legislation and Guidelines Every carer of a child in England must be aware of the current legislation, guidelines and laws. The Health and Safety at work act 1974 is the most important piece of legislation relating to health and safety. There are a few main points that work places involving children and employees must take into account - * Employers must ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of employees and those affected by their work. * Settings with five or more employees must have a written safety policy which must include specific procedures to cover emergencies such as accidents and events that require evacuation of the building. * Settings with five or more employees must carry out a risk assessment and show how risks are minimized. * Employers must provide for health and safety in relation to the area of work and the use of equipment (toys) ...read more.

Middle

A risk assessment is the checking of equipment and facilities indoors and out doors and making a written note of any possible risks. Risk assessments must also be carried out on an outing etc. Employees would carry out a risk assessment check daily noting if anything as not as it should be. Many of the risks in a nursery could be potentially dangerous and all children and adults should be aware of this. All employees should be aware of the possible risks concerning the risks stated on the list, they should know what to look for and how to prevent and report it. Risk Assessment procedures Not only is risk assessments carried out on equipment and places they are also used on checking personal information is safe and secure and that no unauthorized person can access the information. Risk assessments must be carried out very often and defiantly once a day if not more. Carers should also be aware that some children can be risks to themselves and others and carers should be supervising the children according to age and abilities, as some children will need more supervision than others. I will now show many of the risks that are there and what could happen if they the risk assessment is not carried out correctly. Indoors Toilets -have more that one danger as children could lock themselves inside the cubical - this would be prevented by teaching the children about toilet safety and having high locks on toilet doors. ...read more.

Conclusion

> Cover any skin abrasion with a waterproof plaster. > Blood splashed onto the skin should be washed off with soap and water. > Spillages should be wiped up with paper towels which are then disposed of in a contaminated waste bin. Information can be shared with parents if necessary such as: If the child appears to have head lice, if an accident or incident has occurred, if the child appears to be unwell etc. If an incident occurs in a child care establishment it should be recorded not matter how small it may appear to be. If a member of staff is concerned with the health of any child the information must be shared with the parent or authorities. Although there are many procedures, guidelines and legislations to follow when working with children, and although not all of them seem necessary they are all there to protect not only the children but also the staff. They are there to ensure that no child can be harmed in any physical or mental way and they also ensure the staffs are doing their jobs correctly and efficiently. Know how to supervise procedures for accidents, injuries, illnesses and other emergences. Procedures First aid is the immediate assistance or treatment given to someone who has been injured or taken ill before the arrival of an ambulance, doctor or other appropriately qualified person. The aims of first aid are to: * Preserve life * Prevent deterioration of the condition * Promote recovery. ...read more.

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