• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

human development

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

For a human, there are many stages of development from birth to death. Each includes aspects of physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. Birth & Infancy (0-3 years) Physical development A new born baby has to take easily digestible food such as the mother's milk in order to grow. A newborn baby doesn't have fully developed organs such as the brain, however can hear sounds and tell the difference in things such as the taste in things and can identify smell senses, such as their mother or carer. Infants are born with various reflexes: * A new born baby will turn their head towards any touch on the cheek. This reflex is known as the rooting reflex and this can also help for the baby to get their mother's nipple into its mouth for the baby's feeding. * If you place your finger in the baby's palm, it will automatically grasp onto your finger, this is known as the grasp reflex. * If the baby is startled by something, a loud sound for example, the baby will throw arms and legs outwards, arching the back and straightening their legs. This reflex is called the startle reflex. * If a newborn baby is held upright with their feet touching the ground, they will make movements as if trying to walk. ...read more.

Middle

By the age of 6 children can often use language as well as some adults. Language develops between the ages of 2 and 6 years old. Between the age of 2 and 7 years, most children learn to count and to explain how much things weigh. Young children do not always fully understand the logic involved in counting and weighing things. When faced with problems to solve, young children make decisions based on what things look like rather than the logic of counting; for example, they will say that there are more sweets in a long line than in a small heap, even though they can count the same number in each. Older children do not make the mistakes that younger children do. But 7-12 year olds can often only understand the problem if they can see what is involved. Social Development. Young children still rely on their parents and carers to look after them. They need secure emotional ties with their family. As the children develop, they become more and more independent, but the family provide safety and a setting in which to learn social roles. Young children use their imagination to play-act social roles. Children learn how to behave socially through the process of socialisation in the family, which helps them to make friends when they to play group, nursery or school. ...read more.

Conclusion

Older adults may find that as well as coping with work pressures, they have to provide support for their parents and their children. When their children leave home, a lot of pressure is usually taken off the parent, however it can also make the parent feel that something out of their life is missing because their children no longer need their support. Many people now retire from full-time paid employment in there 50's, and most people retire in there 60's. Retirement can have a positive and negative view to it. It can be positive because it can be a positive release from pressures and can be negative because it is seen as an end to usefulness. After retirement, many people think this because of old age, many 65 year olds don't seem themselves as 'old'. When they get to 65+ its common to have physical changes such as: * Organs becoming weaker such as the heart, lungs. * Muscles and Skin becomes less useful, like weaker and not as 'elastic' * Joints and bones become less flexible and this can mean that people become less mobile. * Many people develop arthritis * Loss of hearing * Reaction times and speed of thinking slows down. Also the older the person maybe, the more they rely on people. Some of the older generation may need to live in a caring home and will not be able to provide for themselves. They will need regular visits from nurses and doctors for medicine etc. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Child development

    Protein Protein in the urine may indicate early pre-eclampsia. Bacteria (germs). During pregnancy you can have an infection of the urine without symptoms. This can increase the risk of problems later in pregnancy such as early childbirth. It can be treated with antibiotics. Routine Blood Tests Why? Anaemia The common reason for anaemia is lack of iron which can usually be treated easily with iron tablets.

  2. Genetics - Designer Babies

    Many scientists have been trying to experiment ways to create children with higher level of intelligence or 'super-humans'. They carried out their experiments in chimpanzees an article on the experiment goes as follows: "The potential problems posed in designing a super-human are myriad.

  1. The development of object permanence in infancy.

    This sub-stage is referred to as the primary circular reaction stage. It is when the child is only interested in her body and nothing external to her body seems to be of any great significance. At this stage, the child repeats a behaviour, which produces interesting results centered on her body only.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    A comprehensive description of the services used by each family member to meet their needs. Family A have used a number of services over the years in regards to the needs of their family, firstly the main service used by any family is the NHS this is the National Health

  1. Health, Social Care and Early years provisions.

    elderly person, that they would not lose their independence and could make them feel much more secure and positive about moving into a home. * Residential homes often are the subject of bad press. They can be slaughtered by the media for incidents which may or may not have occurred within the home.

  2. Describe Human Development from Conception to birth

    At week 34 the babies? muscles have now begun to develop, which means the baby is now able to stretch their arms and legs and also begins to learn to kick; this is the moment whereby most women experience their baby kicking and is usually a happy time for both the mother and father.

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    will also use secondary sources such as the internet, books, references and leaflets. I will use a variety of ways to find out information on creative play. I will research on: 1. What creative play is? 2. What types of toys are used in creative play?

  2. Development through the life stages

    This can be very stressful for some mothers. Because some mothers are single mothers and have no husband or fiancé or boyfriend to give a hand and help out, she has to do everything by herself, but this can also be for a father, there are some single fathers that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work