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Identify and describe the different care needs for the following age ranges: 0-1, 1-3, 3-5, 5-8

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Introduction

Identify and describe the different care needs for the following age ranges: 0-1, 1-3, 3-5, 5-8 A child's care needs will vary according to age, but it is important to remember that all children are individual and will therefore have differing needs. Children's needs reflect their physical, educational, emotional, social, and language development. "To achieve and maintain healthy growth and all-round (holistic) development, certain basic needs must be fulfilled." (Bruce, T and Meggitt, C. 2005. p.316). There are also additional needs that children require for a healthy development, but that are not essential for survival. At 0-1 all of a child's care needs will be met by the adult. A baby needs enough food to nourish and allow development- physically and mentally. A baby's food and nutrients can be solely found in milk until approximately 6months. It is ideal to for a baby to receive breast milk, preferably by breast feeding as "human breast milk provides food constituents in the correct balance for human growth." (Bruce, T and Meggitt, C. 2005. p.334) However this is not always possible. Usually from 3months a baby is slowly weaned onto solid food to further their nutritional needs as milk alone will no longer be enough. They won't actually be able to take solids until approximately 6months when they start to chew. ...read more.

Middle

A safe and secure environment and shelter is also a basic need. A child's clothing at this stage needs to be suitable for surroundings and temperature, allow for growth, enable the child easy movement and to be durable. At the later stages of this age range children can start to help with their own hygiene but supervision is highly important. Daily bathing is preferable and again towards the later stages of this age range the needs will be different as the child will begin to wash themselves, with an adult just ensuring done correctly. Hair will need to be well cared for and brushed regularly. When cleaning teeth children should be encouraged to do it but will still need an adult to brush them properly and regularly. Within this age range children go through potty training and throughout this they should be encouraged and praised in order for them to pick up on what is right. Children will need 10-12hours sleep a night and also sleep or rest during the day- this is essential to their health and for their energy. By now more activity outside in fresh air is required and free space to allow for vast movement and exercise is necessary. The stimulation required at this age is gained through countless methods- fine and gross motor being just a few. ...read more.

Conclusion

Again love and affection are still an important part of continuous bonding and praise and encouragement will actively help a child's self esteem and confidence in all areas. By age 5-8 children are generally independent overall. They are aware of what food they want and how much, as well as what food is good for them and helps their development. They are able to dress and undress themselves and clothing with buttons and ties is no longer an issue. They still need a solid nights sleep in order for healthy development and preventing illness, and fresh air is an active part of their day without real awareness that it is necessary for good health, etc. Through encouragement and praise in earlier years children are now more confident and interact well with children and adults. Praise and encouragement is still needed at all times though so that "children do not look for other ways of gaining attention" (Tassoni, P et Al. 2002. p.286). Children need responsibilities- even just small tasks like tidying a play area will help their social skills and confidence develop further. Children should now only need to be reminded and praised about hygiene. They should have a higher level of privacy to wash, etc and be treated more autonomously. Love, affection and security are still vital needs and as the child may grow less 'cuddly' or affectionate the carer must still ensure the child feels loved and secure. ...read more.

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