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Identify and explain how development at each life stage can be positively and negatively influenced

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P2/D1 - Identify and explain how development at each life stage can be positively and negatively influenced Socialisation Learning the values and normal behaviour of a group; learning to become part of a group or culture. Primary Socialisation Positive development Negative Development Infancy/Childhood * Polite * Respectful * Start to have control of emotions * Understanding * Good manners * Happy * Deal with conflict * Naughty * Rude * Can't cope with emotions * Can become a bully * Aggressive * Low-self esteem * Tantrums Not everything that a child learns from primary socialisation within the family group is learnt by copying adults. ...read more.


Adolescents are influenced mostly by their friends. They may see themselves in situations where friends encourage and influence them to do things they should not do. Parents will also influence adolescents during their time at home but most adolescents are influenced mainly by their experiences within social/friendship groups they form during childhood. What type of socialisation affects an adult? Positive development Negative Development Adulthood/Later Adulthood * Support from family and friends * Being a good role model for children and/or grandchildren * Independent * Stress * Depression * Poor coping techniques * Might rely on bad habits like cigarettes, alcohol and drugs. * Bad role model * Low-self esteem * Loneliness Primary and secondary socialisation affect an adult in different ways both affecting development greatly. ...read more.


An a group of friends may encourage one person who does not usually drink to go out for a drink, this may lead the adult to a bad habit or even an addiction. If you have children this makes you bad role model for them. Elder adults often suffer from low self-esteem and loneliness due to the fact that they are old and are not capable to do many things that adults do which may put off friends and family. The type of socialisation that affects an adult most greatly is secondary socialisation. During adulthood media doesn't affect development due to their experiences in life and their ability to know what's right and wrong. Whereas friends and family affect development greatly as it is at this time when love and support from them is needed the most. ...read more.

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