• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In young children's early pronunciations of words we can see traces of their babbling preferences. Discuss this statement and say whether you think it accounts for why their pronunciations are different from adults'.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Linguistics 1080 - Linguistics 2 In young children's early pronunciations of words we can see traces of their babbling preferences. Discuss this statement and say whether you think it accounts for why their pronunciations are different from adults'. Introduction In early speech, young children don't always appear to use 'correct' pronunciations of words. My argument will show that these are not simply 'mistakes', but the differences between child and adult pronunciations are related to the phonological preferences of children's babbling. To do this I will look at children's physical capability to produce sounds, why some sounds are substituted by others, and external influences on the development from babbling to early speech. Babbling is a pre-linguistic stage of communication, and on average occurs when babies are around six to twelve months old. Development from babbling to early speech Babbling contains syllable-type sounds, combining what appear to be consonants (C) and vowels (V) in a way that makes it appear to imitate the patterns of adult speech. In a sense, it has structure and is not merely a random set of sounds. Often babbling is seen as a baby's way of practicing the sounds they hear in their environment. Also, the sounds produced while in the babbling stage are often the most frequent and simplistic sound patterns present in the language they are exposed to. ...read more.

Middle

Also, in the word 'blue' (adult target /???:/), the consonant cluster /??/ is simplified by adding a vowel to produce /????:/. This shows that early speech is related to babbling preference because by adding the extra vowel, the child is converting the C-C-V-V pattern of 'blue' to the pattern they favoured in babbling (C-V-C-V). The issue of complexity of sound production greatly influences the way in which first words are pronounced. Children delete whole unstressed syllables to make words less complicated to pronounce. For example, they may pronounce 'tomato' (adult target /????:???/) as /??:???/ by deleting the unstressed syllable /???/. The meaning is not lost, as it is the stressed syllable that contains the most meaning. It is also easier for children to produce vowels because they are a free flow of air through the mouth, with no involvement of any articulators as there is in the pronunciation of consonants. This is particularly important because, even in early speech, children do not have full muscular control and co-ordination to enable them to use the correct pronunciations. The Jean Aitchison view that "Comprehension outstrips performance" is illustrated using an example from Berko & Brown (1960) where a child refers to a plastic fish as 'fis'. When asked several times by an observer 'Is this your fis?' ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, very often children will use stops where fricatives would be present in the adult target. E.g. 'zebra' would be replaced by 'debra' - the fricative /?/ is replaced by the stop /?/. This is reflected in babbling because around 90% of the sounds produced are stops, compared to 10% fricatives. It is much easier for the child to produce stop sounds as less effort is needed - they involve only a simple short burst of air. Conclusion It is obvious that early pronunciation is influenced by the child's babbling preferences to some extent. This is the case because babbling allows the child to practice sounds and master them. Without this, they surely would not be able to speak at all. The fact that the differences between adults and child's pronunciation of words reflects the type of sounds used in babbling strongly suggests that early pronunciation does show some indication of babbling preferences. However, taking into consideration the other factors discussed - such as the fact that deaf children also babble, I have come to the conclusion that there may be a continuous development from babbling through to adult speech. I believe that babbling is the start of the child's speech development - every child has this innate ability. I also think that the extent of how well the child develops language depends on their acoustic-articulatory system and other external factors. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Describe how political ideology influences social policy and suggest how this may affect families ...

    Nowadays, this ideology has changed and now women are seen as an equal rather than as someone who spends their days looking after their husband and children. Husbands have become more dependant and even take on more domestic roles in the home.

  2. Genetics - Designer Babies

    don't and have to live with terrible disabilities and suffer all their life. One failed experiment on pigs goes as follows: "Horizon looks at an experiment carried out on pigs to make them bigger and leaner, which involved the introduction of a gene which encouraged the production of human growth hormone.

  1. Health, Social Care and Early years provisions.

    Residents may smoke in a specific area. For safety reason smoking is not allowed in the bedrooms. THE WAYS IN WHICH SOCIAL SERVICES IS FUNDED AT A NATIONAL LEVEL, IN NORFOLK AND HOW FOULGER'S HOUSE IS FINANCED Health and social care may be funded in many different ways.

  2. Health, Social Care and Early Years Provision

    Normal tasks carried out are staffing problems, Accounts, IT work and general admin and management work. My chosen care workers use their skills and day-to-day activities to meet the needs of clients. They do this by using the Care Value Base, and communicating with clients effectively.

  1. Believe that W is at the 'norm' for his age group in the area ...

    and ' stacks beakers in order', although this does not mean that he is not capable of doing so. He is very competent in the area of cognitive development as you can see in my observation of cognitive development. Social development is the interaction a child has between adults and other children.

  2. How and how effectively does Dannie Abse end 'Ash on a Young Man's Sleeve'?

    "Perhaps it wasn't a nun, but a German spy." "I laughed until I stopped laughing" The idea that he is trying to amuse himself through a passing nun reflects the deep sadness and emptiness that is residing within him. He knows what he is doing is pathetic but due to

  1. Gender Differences in Touch

    Preferences regarding appropriate types of touch are influenced by culture, gender and age, (Remland, Jones & Brinkman, 1995). Previous research in this area have shown differences in regards to gender of parents and the appropriateness of touching siblings with regard to the siblings age and gender.

  2. Working with Children - settings, legislation and values.

    trust what the parent/carer has for the setting and everyone in it and also because it?s the parent?s choice to decide what they think is best for their child. You need to share information with the parent/carers to support the child.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work