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Is there a correlation between full time caregiving for grandchildren and the life satisfaction of grandparents?

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Introduction

Is there a correlation between full time caregiving for grandchildren and the life satisfaction of grandparents? Alison Chasteen Psy313H1F December 11, 2000 Student no: 990465572 Abstract: A total of 200 Canadian grandparents rated their level of satisfaction with grandparenthood as an overall experience and ranked the satisfaction they gain from grandparenthood relative to other significant roles in later life. This article explores the difference between grandmothers' and grandfathers' levels of satisfaction with grandparenting. Frequent contact with grandchildren predicted high levels of satisfaction in grandparents of both gender, whereas, full time caregiving grandparents experience lowest satisfaction . Canadian grandparents also reported happily that they had these opportunities to observe and nurture their grandchildren's' development and share in their activities as the best features of grandparenthood, while, lack of frequent enough contact was the worst feature. Results showed that there was a correlation between full time caregiving and the life satisfaction of grandparents. Introduction: About 70% of middle-aged and older people become grandparents. The average age of becoming grandparents in Western societies is approximately 50 years for women and a couple of years older for men. They are likely to be grandparents for some 25 years or more, which is about one third of our life span. With increasing longevity and good health, grandparents have emerged as potentially significant figure in our lives at all life stages. (King, V. & Elder, G. H. Jr. 1997) As the current trends and changes in family patterns, time of childbearing, and the increased prevalence of teenage childbearing, single parenting, and divorce and some other family crisis have all made significant contributions to the new role meaning in grandparenting. ...read more.

Middle

From drawing on all these aspects, we can tell that how the adjustments affects grandparents' normal lifestyles negatively. The difficulty of caregiving was made worse by low income, low energy and vitality. Each of these three factors is wrapped around one another in a transactional way. Despite the negative aspects of grandparenting, grandparents did also reported that many of them felt fortunate to be parenting again so they could do a better job than they raised their own children. (Hayslip, B.J., Shore R. J., Henderson, C. E. & Lambert, P. L., 1998). Since grandparenting began, the proximity between the grandparents and grandchildren has been increased. Grandparents were more likely to do more activities with their adolescent grandchildren, are more likely to play a mentorship role. (King, V. & Elder G. H. J., 1998). Grandparents would teach their grandchildren unique skill, which passed from generations to generations. On the other hand, the grandchildren were more likely to tell the problems they had and discuss their future with their grandparents. Hypotheses: The purpose of this study is to explore the difference effects have on between grandmothers and grandfathers who provide full time caregiving for their adult children. Are these effects positive? If so, what are they? If not, what are the negative effects? How are those effects affect their routine daily life? Would grandparenting increased the proximity between both the grandparent-adult children and grandparent-grandchildren relations? If the grandparents can go back and make the decision again would they not provide the care for their grandchildren? ...read more.

Conclusion

25(2) 233-248. Brown-Strandridge, M. D. & Floyd, C. W. (2000) Healing bittersweet legacies: Revisiting contextual family therapy for grandparents raising grandchildren in crisis. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 26(2) 185-197 Bowers, B. F. & Myers, B. J. (1999) Grandmothers providing care for grandchildren: Consequences of various levels of caregiving. Family Relations. 48 (3). 303-311 Burton, L. M. (1992). Black grandparents rearing children of drug-addicted parents: Stressors. outcomes, and social service needs. The Gerontologist, 32, 744-751. Creighton, L. (1991, December 16). Silent saviors. US. News & World Report, pp. 81-89. Hayslip, Jr. B., Shore. R. J., Henderson, C. E., & Lambert, P. L. (1998). Custodial grandparenting and the impact of grandchildren with problems on role satisfaction and role meaning. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 53B(3) S 164-S173. Jendrek, M. P. (1994). Grandparents who parent their grandchildren: Circumstances and decisions. The Gerontologist, 34, 206-216 King. V. & Elders (1998) Education and grandparenting roles. Research on Aging. 20 (4) 450-474 King, V. & Elders, G. H. J. (1997) The legacy of grandparenting: Childhood experiences with grandparents and current involvement with grandchildren. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59(4) 848-859. Larsen. D. (1991). Unplanned parenthood. Modern Matirity, 33(6). 32-36. Minkler, M., & Roe, K. (1993). Grandmothers as caregivers. Raising children of the crack cocaine epidemic. Newbury Park. CA: Sage Minkler, M., Roe, K. M.. & Price, M. (1990). The physical and emotional health of grandmothers raising grandchildren in the crack cocaine epidemic. The Gerontologist, 32, 752-761. Shore, R. J. (1990). Grandparents raising grandchildren: A model of psychological functioning. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of North Texas. U.S. Bureau of the Census (1997). Current population reports: Marital status and living arrangements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. ...read more.

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