• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

It is important that children are learning all the time they are growing; this is so they can learn how to develop key skills within their life. I have heard of three main models of learning, each with a series of practitioners which I will show below wit

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit 7, Task 1. Theory Practitioners. It is important that children are learning all the time they are growing; this is so they can learn how to develop key skills within their life. I have heard of three main models of learning, each with a series of practitioners which I will show below with examples and references explaining those examples. 1. The Transmission model:- (Nurture) The transmission model of learning is one where adults keep an eye on the situations and determine what learning takes place. This is due to the direct involvement that adults have in the child's life therefore controlling the learning process. This model can create a passive personality and create in the end an unlikeness to try out new experiences due to the fear of failing. 1 In this model, there are two main theorists: Ian Pavlov and B. F. Skinner. Each had a view on the way that children were conditioned through there learning. Pavlov was most famed for his experiment showing classical conditioning that he had shown using dogs. He had used a neutral object i.e. a bell to create a response when it was pared with a stimulus i.e. food. He therefore conditioned his dogs by stimulating them with the bell before they were fed. They then salivate at the food but after a period, they then salivate at the sound of the bell. This explains the classical conditioning as it is learning from experience. ...read more.

Middle

This model is still in favour today and underpins many curricular developments. This method also combines elements of the transmission model with its views of a child as an empty vessel and the laissez-faire model with its suggestion of learning is pre-programmed. This model is the one that you are most probably going to encounter in early years settings.8 This model of learning has three main practitioners: Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky and Jerome Bruner. Jean Piaget believed in a process of learning, these were; Assimilation, Accommodation, Equilibrium and Adaptation which supported his idea that children learned by doing. An example of this idea would be a child putting a doll into a pram. Through trying different positions and sizes dolls, the child would then realise either which would be the best way to seat the doll or what size through the process of elimination that occurs in the child's mind. 9 Piaget's processes of learning: * Assimilation (take in and understand fully): In assimilation, new information is taken in which fits the child's existing understanding, i. e. the child's pram, baby and the knowledge that the baby can go in the pram. * Accommodation (adapting or adjusting): During accommodation, information is modified and adapted to account for new experiences and knowledge i. e. if the baby is too big for the pram they would try to fit the baby in other angles etc. * Equilibrium (opposing forces are balanced): The balance of existing knowledge and new concepts as the child makes sense of its environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

able to survive or cope in the modern world.15 Parents may feel that sometimes things that are developed within a child's learning may come naturally to them, for example a child learning to play a piano, for some it is natural using the music keys, however, some children would find it a lot harder to understand, but through practise they can achieve that goal. Conclusion: Overall, each of the theories that have been tested would all work therefore in the nature/nurture debate I would have to say both is required. These are because everyone is individuals and are different to another that one method may work for one child whereas another would be better for the other. 1 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319. 2 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319 3 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318 4 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319 5 Presentation from classmate Nadia on Chomsky. 6 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 320. 7 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318 8 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 320 9 Squire, G. ed., 2007. Children's care learning and development. 10 Squire book 2007. 11 Presentation by Sophie on Vygotsky. 12 Children care learning and development by Sandy Green page 323. 13 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318. 14 Gill Squire page 253. 15 Nicole Jennings and Squire book 2007. Charlotte Brown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The nature/nurture debate in childhood development.

    4 star(s)

    He calls this "dominance hierarchies". This may cause less physical aggression, as the child will know who will win in a fight and who will lose, therefore knowing which ones they will fight and the ones they won't. (Bee, H, 1995 pg., 296)

  2. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    For my first activity I am going to be doing a colouring, writing and drawing activities with Hilary. This will help me look at her fine motor and sensory skills. In Hilary's house I will prefer to do this in a well lit and quiet area because hopefully this will help Hilary concentrate more.

  1. People with learning disabilities experience loss and bereavement - Analyse how services might support ...

    at helping service providers evaluate ways they can help people with learning disabilities understand their losses (www.bild.org.uk/certificates/training_and_support.htm). A carer's role in providing support to a bereaved person with learning disabilities involves finding out how much the person knows, or what they need, and identifying what can be done to help.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    In this section the needs of each family will be explained and how they are met by each member within their own family. To start with John who is aged two has a number of needs, all of which need to be met by his family members, he is practically dependant on his family for his survival.

  1. Practical Life Exercises And Why They Are Attractive To Children

    Because of this, the child is constantly working with his environment. The other aids, which help the child in his growth, are his 'sensitive periods'. During such a period the child is empowered with a special ability, which urges him to focus his attention on certain objects of his environment to the exclusion of others.

  2. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development.

    Example of Nurture A family consisting of a mother, father and older brother, have another baby, the family have a lot of wealth, when the child becomes older, He gets into trouble with the police, while his parents pay the fines of the trouble he caused; he doesn?t think anything is wrong with him and that his conscious is clean.

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    compare and look at how aroush has development over the last five months. I will compare my initial assessment visit to this last visit. I will look at Aroush?s social, physical, emotional and intellectual development. Final evaluation Physical development Gross motor skills In my introductory visit aroush had the habit

  2. Development through the life stages

    They prefer to play with adults, they have dramatic play closer to reality, and they like to play dress up because their very imaginative with self and others, they love adventure and anything new that comes their way, they love playing in groups of 2-5 children.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work