• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

It is important that children are learning all the time they are growing; this is so they can learn how to develop key skills within their life. I have heard of three main models of learning, each with a series of practitioners which I will show below wit

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit 7, Task 1. Theory Practitioners. It is important that children are learning all the time they are growing; this is so they can learn how to develop key skills within their life. I have heard of three main models of learning, each with a series of practitioners which I will show below with examples and references explaining those examples. 1. The Transmission model:- (Nurture) The transmission model of learning is one where adults keep an eye on the situations and determine what learning takes place. This is due to the direct involvement that adults have in the child's life therefore controlling the learning process. This model can create a passive personality and create in the end an unlikeness to try out new experiences due to the fear of failing. 1 In this model, there are two main theorists: Ian Pavlov and B. F. Skinner. Each had a view on the way that children were conditioned through there learning. Pavlov was most famed for his experiment showing classical conditioning that he had shown using dogs. He had used a neutral object i.e. a bell to create a response when it was pared with a stimulus i.e. food. He therefore conditioned his dogs by stimulating them with the bell before they were fed. They then salivate at the food but after a period, they then salivate at the sound of the bell. This explains the classical conditioning as it is learning from experience. ...read more.

Middle

This model is still in favour today and underpins many curricular developments. This method also combines elements of the transmission model with its views of a child as an empty vessel and the laissez-faire model with its suggestion of learning is pre-programmed. This model is the one that you are most probably going to encounter in early years settings.8 This model of learning has three main practitioners: Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky and Jerome Bruner. Jean Piaget believed in a process of learning, these were; Assimilation, Accommodation, Equilibrium and Adaptation which supported his idea that children learned by doing. An example of this idea would be a child putting a doll into a pram. Through trying different positions and sizes dolls, the child would then realise either which would be the best way to seat the doll or what size through the process of elimination that occurs in the child's mind. 9 Piaget's processes of learning: * Assimilation (take in and understand fully): In assimilation, new information is taken in which fits the child's existing understanding, i. e. the child's pram, baby and the knowledge that the baby can go in the pram. * Accommodation (adapting or adjusting): During accommodation, information is modified and adapted to account for new experiences and knowledge i. e. if the baby is too big for the pram they would try to fit the baby in other angles etc. * Equilibrium (opposing forces are balanced): The balance of existing knowledge and new concepts as the child makes sense of its environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

able to survive or cope in the modern world.15 Parents may feel that sometimes things that are developed within a child's learning may come naturally to them, for example a child learning to play a piano, for some it is natural using the music keys, however, some children would find it a lot harder to understand, but through practise they can achieve that goal. Conclusion: Overall, each of the theories that have been tested would all work therefore in the nature/nurture debate I would have to say both is required. These are because everyone is individuals and are different to another that one method may work for one child whereas another would be better for the other. 1 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319. 2 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319 3 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318 4 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 319 5 Presentation from classmate Nadia on Chomsky. 6 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 320. 7 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318 8 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 320 9 Squire, G. ed., 2007. Children's care learning and development. 10 Squire book 2007. 11 Presentation by Sophie on Vygotsky. 12 Children care learning and development by Sandy Green page 323. 13 Children's care learning and development by Sandy Green page 318. 14 Gill Squire page 253. 15 Nicole Jennings and Squire book 2007. Charlotte Brown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The nature/nurture debate in childhood development.

    4 star(s)

    the media plays a role in aggression. If children are watching violent television programmes it may promote violence by imitation. Strayer (1980) showed that children between the ages of 3-4 put themselves into groups. Those who are leaders and those who stand back and follow.

  2. People with learning disabilities experience loss and bereavement - Analyse how services might support ...

    Sadness, anger, irritability, anxiety, over-sensitivity, dependency, becoming withdrawn, lacking interest and forgetfulness are all normal grief reactions and they should be recognised for what they are - natural reactions to grief (Thomas 2000). Teaching an emotional vocabulary by using creative helping approaches such as encouraging the use of words, drawing pictures or painting can help to express feelings and emotions.

  1. For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows ...

    When I went into the house she was not timid of me and showed me some of her toys. I asked Hilary's mother If she got along with the children at nursery, 'Hilary did not settle in to nursery easily and it took her a bit of time to get to know the children and get along with them.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    were the food is and how to heat it to a suitable temperature for the child. The only need that john is capable of fulfilling is getting his own exercise, he is the one who decides were to go within his own house, from his adventure he has received a number of bruises and his mother nurses them better.

  1. Active Listening and Assertion Skills.

    After going through "assertiveness training" in HOD, I realized that although I had tried many approaches they had all fallen into either the "passive" or "aggressive" category, none of them even bordering on assertive statements. My most common argument consisted of me telling my parents that their over protectiveness was

  2. Development through the life stages

    They prefer to play with adults, they have dramatic play closer to reality, and they like to play dress up because their very imaginative with self and others, they love adventure and anything new that comes their way, they love playing in groups of 2-5 children.

  1. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development.

    Nurture is the opposite of nature, instead people believe that we adapt to our environments and this is how we are brought up. The nurture part is thought to be about how, where and how you are raised by and how this has an effect on the person.

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    environment, but she quickly got used to them because when my mum called Aroush over, she came. According to a comprehensive textbook for gcse by Brennand hall a child of 17 months should start to become more sociable with others around her.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work