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Juvenile Delinquency

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Introduction

Juvenile Delinquency There are many factors that have caused the juvenile delinquency rate to increase over the last 50 years. In 1997-1998, 53 percent of youth crimes were property related offences, 20 percent were charged with violent assault, and 27 percent were charged with minor crimes (Myths about Youth Crimes). Although the rate of youth crimes decreased in 1993, "violent crimes committed by youth...doubled between 1986 and 1992, rising faster than the adult violent crime rate" (The Progress of Canada's Children). Fortunately, Professor Peter Carrington, who studied juvenile crimes for 20 years, claims that the murder rates by youth have decreased significantly (Whitton); however, many common violent assaults are increasing. The common causes of youth crime are single parenting, poverty, social exclusion and homelessness. One of the serious problems that causes youth crimes to increase is single parenting. In 1994, 61 percent of single parents worked outside of home, and their children, under 18, were unsupervised (The Progress of Canada's Children). Also, "Canada has no national child care system with set standards for fees and quality of services; as a result, the quality of regulated child-care programs is uneven across the country" (The Progress of Canada's Children). While they are working, many single parents cannot afford to pay for childcare to take care of Poon 2 their children, and ...read more.

Middle

For instance, school is one of the main places that young adults experience exclusion from their peers. Cesare Lombraso, a professor of medicine at the University of Turin, Italy claims that "most of the people who [show] anti-social behavior...lack...intelligence" (Carrington). If they do not know how to socialize with others at school, no one would help them when they are having questions on the homework. As a result, they cannot do well on exams and receive high achievement in school. In addition, Applied Research branch paper states that "low attachment to school increases the likelihood that children will engage in delinquency; conversely, high attachment to school decreases the likelihood that children will engage in delinquency" (Sprott 4). Also, friends actually play an important role for adolescent children. Without friends, they cannot get any help (except from teachers) when they have problems. As a result, they may want to do something special to catch everyone's attention, something such as a violent crime (Webster). Last but not least, the most common cause of the youth crimes increase is homelessness. In addition, every year, physical maltreatment by parents causes many young people to run away (Tanner 170). Once they become homeless, they mostly will get involved in delinquent Poon 4 activities, such as stealing, and selling illegal drugs (Gaetz 425). ...read more.

Conclusion

One day, finally, I received his call. He asked me, "May I sleep over at your house tonight?" At that moment, I really wanted to help him out; on the other hand, I was also scared that he might steal something valuable while I was sleeping. As a result, I rejected him, and he has never contacted me again until last month. He asked me, "Hey Felix. This is David. How's going man?" I said, "Not bad, what are you up to?" He murmured, "Nothing much, I just want to ask you need any marijuana or cocaine because I am selling them now. If you or your friends want them, buy them off from me. I will give you a better deal." After I refused his offer, he cut the call immediately. Now, I realize that David does not treat me as his friend. In conclusion, juvenile delinquency is a major problem in Canada, and we should pay more attention about the youth crimes. Basically, single parenting, poverty, social exclusion, and homelessness are closely related to each other. The first step to solving this social problem is to encourage single parents to find companions, and the Canadian government should set a reasonable standard fee for the childcare system. As a result, most parents can pick up their children in communities after work, and I believe the youth crime rate will eventually decrease. ...read more.

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