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"Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we call civilization." How is language encouraged in Montessori prepared environment?

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Introduction

"Language lies at the root of that transformation of the environment that we call civilization." How is language encouraged in Montessori prepared environment? Language is the ability to understand speech and a desire to convey one's feelings and thoughts. The learning of language is truly the child's most remarkable intellectual achievement, and is amazingly accomplished rapidly in a very short time span. "By merely living and without any conscious effort the individual absorbs from the environment even a complex cultural like language." (The Essential Montessori, pg. 81). Since the child builds himself from what is around him, the environment becomes an important factor. The environment must be prepared, aiding in the process of language development and supporting the child's expanding consciousness. A child will pass through the Sensitive Period of language. During this period, the child will explore his surroundings with tongue and hand, and through these, the child absorbs the qualities of the objects in his environment and seeks to act upon it. He wants to know the name of every object that he sees and touches, and mimic words said by the adults around him. Montessori concluded that the tongue, which man uses for speaking and the hand, which he employs for work, are intimately connected. ...read more.

Middle

Using the three period lesson (naming, recognition, the pronunciation of the word), the child comes to know many word very thoroughly, such as large, small; thick, thin; long, short; dark, light; rough, smooth; heavy, light; hot, cold; and the names of many colours and geometrical forms. The language that is learnt from sensorial material gives the child the key to describe qualities of what he sees and experiences in his environment. In the cultural lesson, the child is introduced to models and pictures of all forms of culture. He also learns the names of animals, plants, and name of places and other interesting topics. The child learns about weather, continents, culture of others region or country, nature, and all others cultural subjects. The cards in cultural lesson are classified to encourage the concept of internal classification. Many games are also played, in addition to the usage of vocabulary from didactic materials. There are also many picture card matching games that enrich vocabulary, cards of animal, artists, reptiles, plant life, geometric shapes. "The children absorb the vocabulary that goes with these cards because he is still in his sensitive period for language. If he does not learn it now, he will have to learn later and that will have far less appeal to him." ...read more.

Conclusion

By this time, the child should be able to read a book and thus, there should always be a special place in the room for reading, a comfortable and attractive spot with an atmosphere that promotes reading. At a later stage, the child will begin to explore by means of equipment, of which function words are exhibited. Equipment that is used traditionally in a Montessori classroom is a complete model farm with all of its component parts. Small labels are made for each object in the model. Teacher begins teaching phonetic reading - grammar; including the noun, the adjectives, and the verbs. Games are also used to explore the function of words. "Continued exercises serve to give forceful impressions that lead the child to notice the importance of each item in a sentence. Not only the meaning of each word, but its position in the phrase or sentence." (Montessori: A Modern Approach, pg. 16). Montessori's methods make full use of the child's sensitive period of language by creating an environment that aids this development. In the Montessori environment, the child is constantly exposed to information, through formal lessons, conversations and games; preparing him and thus, making it possible for the child to start creative writing and reading at a young age. ...read more.

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