• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the main developments in child care law since 1984 and discuss how effective these developments have been to child welfare and protection.

Extracts from this document...


Social Policy Jo Matthews OUTLINE THE MAIN DEVELOPMENTS IN CHILD CARE LAW SINCE 1984 AND DISCUSS HOW EFFECTIVE THESE DEVELOPMENTS HAVE BEEN TO CHILD WELFARE AND PROTECTION In medieval times child protection was non-existent as child abuse was not recognised as such and families were left to their own devices. It was not until the 19th Century that children began to be seen as individuals and consequently did require protection and looking after. Child cruelty was not thought of as criminal until 1889, where the prevention of Cruelty to and Protection of Children Act was introduced. Many Acts were to develop since, including the power for local authorities to remove children from their families. Despite this, tragic events occurred involving children. In 1985 and 1989 two children died as a result of child abuse. A combination of these events and the Short Committee report, of which strongly recommended that parents should take an active part in responsibilities of their children, were to have a profound effect on childcare legislation. The 1989 Children Act was to follow, which, for the first time in child care law, gave a definition of children in need. The different forms of abuse are under categories of physical, sexual, emotional and neglect. ...read more.


The Government promotes the support and communication of other agency bodies such as the N.S.P.C.C, seeing co-operation and responses as an essential part of child protection. Teachers and Nursery nurses alike are responsible for following guidelines of the local authority with respect to child welfare. Persons within positions like these can play an active part in child protection, with the advantage of having regular contact with children and likely to spot signs of developing problems within the family. The case of Kimberley Carlisle highlighted the fact that social services may be in need of more power, as when access was denied to them regarding Kimberley. As it stands an Emergency Protection Order may be applied if access to a child is denied, and there is concern for the safety of that child. When it is believed by a local authority that a child is suffering or may suffer significant harm, and it is deemed essential that a medical check or health and development is conducted, they then can apply for an assessment order. The assessment order is given if it is believed that it is the only way that a sufficient check would be made. Would the latter have made a difference in this situation though? ...read more.


Social workers now show a positive change in attitudes and approach in their work - as a direct consequence of the Children Act 1989 providing a more structured legal framework, hence the security of specific guidelines to follow? Or could it be as a result of working in partnership with the parents, in the position of offering assistance and support in an attempt to keep families together, wherever possible? However not so good examples of child protection lie with the deaths of Rikki Neave in 1995 as a result of lack of action by authorities, Leanne White (1992) - failure of authorities to listen and karl Speke (1996) - blamed on lack of communication. Allegations of physical, emotional and sexual abuse within care homes are still surfacing. Do all local authorities maintain an efficient child protection procedures and adequate support for families in need? According to SSI's child protection inspection programme (1992-1996) not so many actually proved to be giving a high standard of services, the vast majority providing inadequate in some areas. So, despite the massive overhaul of child care law, still children are suffering and dying, so it is apparent that it is still not entirely full proof. However, Child welfare reforms are constantly being reviewed and campaigned for, coming under scrutiny in areas seen to be lacking in appropriate policy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    I looked at all these areas in my study visits to Jack and on the whole he was above the norm for his age. This could be because he has two older brothers and thy all play games together. Jack was below the norm for height but he is the third child and his mother is short.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    I also looked at her emotional and social development and they was a expected but I think she was more shy than I thought she would be, she seemed very clingy until her friend came. I think if her brother were there we would off seen a different side to her.

  1. Protecting children-A Good Practice Guide. Child Protection ...

    answer, petition or other originating document, precise details of the Convention rights they allege have been infringed." 'www.humanrightsact.co.uk' A local authority is not allowed to provide accommodation or assistance in relation to the essential living needs of a child or her family where the family are asylum seekers.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    any tablets and it has been proven that they do work another good point is that the use of them is constantly rising this is why Ruth studied and practiced this type of treatment. The voluntary sector has a number of good and bad effects; the mother toddler was very

  1. Health and Social care

    After completing medical school, a medical degree is received. This will enable an individual to work in a hospital or other health setting and be qualified for their job. There are no alternative routes to becoming a doctor. Working through different levels without a full medical education is impossible.

  2. Critically Discuss the role of social work in relation to protecting children from sexual ...

    In the past sexual abuse has been said to occur mainly in low income, poverty striven and neglectful working class families. However this is not the case, sexual abuse to children occurs in all social classes, races, cultural backgrounds and geographical locations.

  1. I will discuss the relevant managerial and organisational theoretical concepts that I observed whilst ...

    is made up of Leaving Care Social Workers, Looked after Children Social Workers, Support Workers and Employability Officers. The multi-disciplinary team has several organisational goals. Mullins (1996) describes a goal as a future expectation: something that organisations strive to accomplish.

  2. International Child Abduction.

    if the person removing the child has taken all reasonable steps to communicate with the other person but has failed to contact him or her. [section 1(5)(b)]. (d) if the person objecting to the child's removal has unreasonably withheld his or her consent [section 1(5)(c)]. NB Section 1(6) 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work