• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the main developments in child care law since 1984 and discuss how effective these developments have been to child welfare and protection.

Extracts from this document...


Social Policy Jo Matthews OUTLINE THE MAIN DEVELOPMENTS IN CHILD CARE LAW SINCE 1984 AND DISCUSS HOW EFFECTIVE THESE DEVELOPMENTS HAVE BEEN TO CHILD WELFARE AND PROTECTION In medieval times child protection was non-existent as child abuse was not recognised as such and families were left to their own devices. It was not until the 19th Century that children began to be seen as individuals and consequently did require protection and looking after. Child cruelty was not thought of as criminal until 1889, where the prevention of Cruelty to and Protection of Children Act was introduced. Many Acts were to develop since, including the power for local authorities to remove children from their families. Despite this, tragic events occurred involving children. In 1985 and 1989 two children died as a result of child abuse. A combination of these events and the Short Committee report, of which strongly recommended that parents should take an active part in responsibilities of their children, were to have a profound effect on childcare legislation. The 1989 Children Act was to follow, which, for the first time in child care law, gave a definition of children in need. The different forms of abuse are under categories of physical, sexual, emotional and neglect. ...read more.


The Government promotes the support and communication of other agency bodies such as the N.S.P.C.C, seeing co-operation and responses as an essential part of child protection. Teachers and Nursery nurses alike are responsible for following guidelines of the local authority with respect to child welfare. Persons within positions like these can play an active part in child protection, with the advantage of having regular contact with children and likely to spot signs of developing problems within the family. The case of Kimberley Carlisle highlighted the fact that social services may be in need of more power, as when access was denied to them regarding Kimberley. As it stands an Emergency Protection Order may be applied if access to a child is denied, and there is concern for the safety of that child. When it is believed by a local authority that a child is suffering or may suffer significant harm, and it is deemed essential that a medical check or health and development is conducted, they then can apply for an assessment order. The assessment order is given if it is believed that it is the only way that a sufficient check would be made. Would the latter have made a difference in this situation though? ...read more.


Social workers now show a positive change in attitudes and approach in their work - as a direct consequence of the Children Act 1989 providing a more structured legal framework, hence the security of specific guidelines to follow? Or could it be as a result of working in partnership with the parents, in the position of offering assistance and support in an attempt to keep families together, wherever possible? However not so good examples of child protection lie with the deaths of Rikki Neave in 1995 as a result of lack of action by authorities, Leanne White (1992) - failure of authorities to listen and karl Speke (1996) - blamed on lack of communication. Allegations of physical, emotional and sexual abuse within care homes are still surfacing. Do all local authorities maintain an efficient child protection procedures and adequate support for families in need? According to SSI's child protection inspection programme (1992-1996) not so many actually proved to be giving a high standard of services, the vast majority providing inadequate in some areas. So, despite the massive overhaul of child care law, still children are suffering and dying, so it is apparent that it is still not entirely full proof. However, Child welfare reforms are constantly being reviewed and campaigned for, coming under scrutiny in areas seen to be lacking in appropriate policy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    The age of my study child. Physical Development Physical Development is about physical growth of the child. This includes height, weight, development of teeth and muscles. Also it is about how the child uses his muscles (Gross Motor Skills) and fingers (Fine Manipulative skills). A child's diet is also very important in the Physical Development process.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    When Alanya went through the park gate she just ran towards the roundabout and jumped on it with few other children, and one of the children's parents was turning it so it give me a chance to observe the park and get a few notes down for my FAR research.

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    doing her any favours this is giving Mary the type of independence she needs at this age. When Mary got very drunk the social services were called in again, the welfare officer could not understand how she got her hands on spirits, the positive point for the family is that

  2. Health, Social Care and Early years provisions.

    In these cases, larger and bolder information is an exigency to give those with poor sight a chance to be able to read up about residential homes and services, which they may have not usually read, due to their disability.

  1. Health and Social care

    There can be huge variation in the needs of individual patients during a single surgery. No other specialty offers such a wide remit of treating everything from pregnant women to babies and from mental illness to sports medicine. Individual doctors may develop special interests in diverse areas.

  2. Children and the Law.

    of the Act which defines 'harm' as being ill treatment or the impairment of health and development. The development in question can be physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development. In this case it could be said that Daniel and Ellie are children 'in need' as their development is being impaired by Ruth's actions.

  1. child development and child care

    Her memory skills are good. For example, she can remember that her grandparents visited several months previously. She can gives reasons and solve problems. She is always asking questions by using why? When? How? And understanding the answers. She can repeat nursery rhymes and songs, with very few errors.

  2. Cach L2 unit 4. Childrens Play

    Indoor and Outdoor Play types: Outdoor Indoor Sand pit Sand play H20 Play H20 Play Trampoline Lego Tricycle Building blocks Football 1. Adults have to provide space for children to play in, but we have to provide the materials but let them decide what they do with it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work